War of 1812

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I. Americans wished to control the Great Lakes, but with an army that was not trained and disciplined led drawbacks against the British until a compromise was met with the Treaty of Ghent. A. Battle for Canada and the Great Lakes 1. British forces were weakest in Canada. 2. Three attempts of invasion (Detroit, Niagra, and Lake Champlain) beaten once they had crossed over to Canada 3. British and Canadians had advantage of upper Great Lakes by capturing American fort Michilimackinac led by Isaac Brock, with assistant from "General Mud" and "General Confusion." 4. Invasion began again in 1813 were Americans had far advance Navy then the British, ships equipped with heavy firepower, thicker sides, larger crew that were majority free blacks. 5. The British were defeated by General Harrison's army at the Battle of the Thames in October 1813, for Americans to gain control of the Great Lakes. 6. Late 1814, Americans were defending there own soil from the British, with an attack at New York using the Lake river route. American fleet led by Thomas Macdonough led America to victory and drove the British away from the New England Area. B. Attack on the Nation Capital and Defending New Orleans 1. An attack on Washington on 1814 led the British to burn the capital and the White House, in which Francis Scott Key observed and wrote "The Star Spangled Banner." 2. Another attack was aimed at New Orleans in 1814, where Andrew Jackson was held in command. 3. January 8,1815 was the start of the Battle of New Orleans. British were badly defeated to poor tactics. Victory led to Nationalism within the people of the U.S. 4. British retaliated by blocking of... ... middle of paper ... ... Jackson took advantage of. President Monroe alarmed at Jackson's actions gave forth to the Florida Purchase Treaty of 1819 (Adams-Onis Treaty). Spain gave up Florida and claims of Oregon. B. The Monroe Doctrine 1. Monroe Doctrine born on 1823 which consisted of two basic features, non colonization and nonintervention. 2. Directed at Russia due to colonization efforts by establishing trade posts in California, meaning that other nations would not be able to acquire/seize any more land in the America's. 3. Nonintervention was targeted at Europe to keep their system of government away from them. Mostly aiming toward southern regions where fleeing Spanish American republics were. 4. Monroe Doctrine did not have much significance. It was attained as protecting newborn republic neighbors but truly was only concerned about the nations defense.

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