From 1939 to 1945, World War II was fought between the Axis Powers and the Allied Powers. The three main Axis Powers were Germany, Italy, and Japan; and the main Allied Powers were England, Russia, France, and The United States. In the beginning of the war, America did not want to be involved in another country’s war, especially after the drastic damage from the First World War. Congress even passed a series of neutrality acts to keep America out of the war. However, the United States broke out of neutrality and joined the Allied side because the U.S. was indirectly involved in the war, protecting itself from being invaded by Axis powers, and had the sense of American moral obligation to obtrude on European affairs.
He had to “[transform] the nation’s concept of national interest and [lead] ‘a staunchly isolationist people’ into yet another global war” (handout). Initially, Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s main goal was to protect US National Security by not intervening in the war. Roosevelt and the rest of United States government did not want to make the same mistakes of WWI. Thus, all of the situations that caused the United States to enter WWI were taken into consideration when the Neutrality Acts were passed. Prior to the outbreak of the war Franklin Roosevelt signed the Neutrality Acts, which “prohibited loans and any other financial assistance to belligerents (whatever the cause of war) and imposed an arms embargo on all parties (regardless of who the victim was).
The possibility of a loss was made very evident with the fall of France to Germany. Although FDR was inclined towards helping the Allies, the American people were not aligned with this view. The American people were against going into war after their involvement in the first World War. The first World War gave Americans some common views. One of the common views of the people was that America does not need Allies because security is held up through the protection of the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean.
In the 1920s the USA was the leading producer of oil in the world. America’s agriculture was becoming the most effective and productive in the world. The industrial strength of America is probably the most important cause of the economic boom. It allowed ... ... middle of paper ... ...as it led to America having money to invest in new industries. The First World War was the main reason for America’s industrial strength as many countries were paying America back money that they had loaned during the war, with interest.
But thankfully through the fast work of FDR, the American economy was able to make a turn for the better. In fact, through his cleverly named 100 day plan he en-stated many acts and special interest groups targeted in returning jobs to Americans and stabilizing the US banking system and American confidence in the bank system. Later on these swift changes came to be known as the New Deal, and the separated into two parts. ... ... middle of paper ... ...b. Although it served to force the Japanese’s hand in surrender as well as a tool in which to tell smaller countries around the world to not mess with the US, when the USSR saw this, they immediately thought we have to have this.
Throughout the war American industry benefited, because countries that couldn’t buy goods from Europe, did so from America. And along with this Europe bought products from America, products that they weren’t producing while they were fighting. Furthermore, during the First World War, American banks lent money to their European Allies. In the 1920’s, this was being paid back with interest. The war had also led to advances in technology, such as mechanism and manufactured materials.
The British, who wanted the Americans to back their side in the war, refused to back U.S. peace drives. The Germans, who wanted the U.S. on their side, against Britain, violated pledges for the waters when it began U-boat attacks. This campaign was extended over many years. The two countries of Germany and England were desperate for the western giant’s support that would threaten American neutrality. The American people, however, would rather stay of war, and lose their right to the seas.
Japan feared America's reaction to their plans to seize Southeast Asia, yet did not let that fear get in their way. Japan completed their control of Indochina by seizing the southern half. The American government answered back by placing an embargo on oil shipments heading for Japan. The Japanese viewed this as an act of war, for they knew their military and industrial forces would not last long with out oil. The United States tried to resolve their differences with Japan, throughout 1941.
When World War I broke out in Europe, Woodrow Wilson announced that the United States would stay out of European affairs and remain neutral. Wilson was aware that the United States had no interest in the matters that did not directly affect the interests of America citizens. He hoped that the United States would remain neutral and continue to trade with warring nations. The American view of neutrality meant we were entitled to safely and freely trade with either side at war as long as it was out in the open seas. The United States hoped to stay out of the way because war was viewed as wasteful, irrational, and immoral.
The U.S. goal was to expand trade and commerce throughout the world and protect the borders of North America. The American belief at the beginning of the war was that it would be short conflict reminiscent of the fight between Germany and France in 1870(Zieger, 9). At the time both the Allies and the Central Powers, along with Americans, miscalculated the impact the involvement of American forces could have for either side. The U.S. Navy was expanded and upgraded during the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt but the Army was still a minimal force. To keep with the “true neutrality” the United States initially refused to aid either side with supplies or economic assistance.