Therefore, evil is inevitable because human nature leads people to perform evil actions. Voltaire strongly condemns "optimistic theories, for him they deny reality." (Juan Zerolo) Voltaire does not believe that by saying something, it will come true. Therefore, denying the existence of evil is not logical and does not amount to any greater good. Voltaire also denounced other's religious beliefs and intolerance.
Objectivism is defined as “an ethical theory that moral good is objectively (based on facts rather than feelings or opinions) real or that moral precepts are objectively valid.” (Webster). Demonstrated by Ayn Rand in the book, The Fountainhead, objectivism seems to most, to be morally wrong, and socially impractical, despite seeming to be a stress-free way of life. In The Fountainhead, Howard Roark does not see relationships as necessary, but as a means to an end. For America to be purely objectivist would tear the country apart, in the sense that “normal social relationships” would no longer exist, but hatred and racism would become obsolete. A democratic government would be unable to succeed because no one would look at issues from the perspective of the “common good”, but from the perspective of what benefits the individual.
The value of life is nothing else but the sense each person fashions into it. To argue that we are the victims of fate, of mysterious forces within us, of some grand passion, or heredity, is to be guilty of bad faith. Sartre says that we can overcome the adversity presented by our facticity, a term he designs to represent the external factors that we have no control over, such as the details of our birth, our race, and so on, by inserting nothingness into it. By inserting nothingness, he means that we can turn the facticity into "nothing," and then give it a meaning all of our own making in order to make the most out of our situation and optimize our goals.
The harm that Wordsworth discusses includes "wasting our powers." Obviously he does not see us as incapable, by describing our abilities as "powers." He feels that we waste our passions on "getting and spending" and neglect to notice how nature is being sacrificed for this progress. We have exchanged our hearts for the materialistic progress of mankind. Not only does an artificial system cause an emotional deficit, but it also alienates people from each other in a very subtle fashion.
This false image of God can confuse people and create an enmity between them and God. However, people must understand that God is powerless in suffering. Although He cannot do anything to prevent suffering, God is omnipresent in suffering, giving people opportunities to show things such as love, empathy, or compassion. In order to understand where God is in suffering, it is important to first analyze why God cannot intervene in suffering. Rabbi Harold Kushner’s Why Good Things Happen to Bad People concisely explains this mystery.
According to utilitarianism, any action that fails to produce the greatest utility is morally wrong. Using the baby carriage example, if Jim were to stand and ponder on his alternatives, it would without a doubt produce less happiness as opposed to rescuing the baby. With that said, premise one becomes false because utilitarianism does not require us to think about our actions. Therefore, the lack of time objection is invalid and therefore unsound. Even though the “doctrine of swine” and the “lack of time” argument all prove to be unsound, both objections exemplify the short-comings of utilitarianism.
“Voltaire” Introduction Voltaire rendered humankind in a grimy hue. For Voltaire, man-made fears were the worst things on earth, yet they were inevitable. Order and reason were predominant but inaccessible. It made sense that everyone should get along, but why couldn't he or she? Though he poked fun at easy optimism, he did not plunged into comfort or totalitarianism either.
It is used to justify extreme actions, just for the sake of it. Pyle is clearly the representation of idealism, and Greene goes on to write how there is no place for idealism in warfare. It is selfish and impractical; nothing in the world is ideal, nor is it capable of becoming so. The Quiet American seems unusual in that it presents a case against innocence, a characteristic that is usually seen as virtuous. Idealists present a particular predicament because the nature of their principles excuses them from blame for the destruction, which they certainly cause, which is why it is described as "a kind of insanity."
Voltaire’s experiences led him to dismiss the idea that this is the best of all possible worlds. Examining the death and destruction, both man-made and natural (such as the Libson earthquake), Voltaire concluded that everything was not, in fact, f...
Twain’s satire here is having Huck call his decision immoral, which in truth was the opposite, and mock the way society twisted religion to shame this justice. It works in emphasizing the need for more independent behavior by showing how it can result in moral things being done, and how the teachings of others are not always correct. Humanity can best progress and improve when there is as much variety of unique individuals as possible. However this proves useless if said individuals never really think for themselves, especially concerning a faulty situation. This, unfortunately, was what author Mark Twain found everywhere in his society.