In particular, the Wife argues for experience over authority, demonstrating the biases that coincide with authoritative scripture and doctrine. By undermining the validity that is associated with authoritative arguments, the wife ironically is able to make dominating arguments, and propose new interpretations of masculine texts and label them as experienced opinions. She does not necessarily overturn masculine supremacy, but rather transforms it absoluteness into relativity. Through her prologue and her tale, the Wife of Bath promotes the re-interpretation of gender customs and marriage dynamics using feminized language, successfully giving a prevailing voice to women.
The Wife of Bath shows such control in her prologue which summarizes her own life, the Queen in her tale who controls the knight, and the old hag in the tale who is able to manipulate the knight to achieve her desires. The women in the relationships exercise control over their husbands through sexual manipulation and guilt. Therefore, the Wife of Bath from Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales is a strong advocator of female maistrie within a marriage. The wife not only shares her opinions about maistrie with fellow travellers through her tale, but also proves her beliefs through her introduction.
Chaucer's Use of the Female Gender to Shape His Text with Reference to Wife of Bath With reference to Chaucer's Wife of Bath, we can clearly see how Chaucer uses the female gender to shape his text. Chaucer uses the female gender to show the many chacteristics or traits a female may have. He shows this through the tale of the Wife of Bath and the female characters in the tale such as the old women. Chaucer hopes to give us an insight into a women's thought and desires. The Wife of Bath tells the tale of a young knight whom, after the rape of a maiden, must search for the answer to the question, "what is it that women most desire?"
Additionally, she is obsequious towards Iago because of her female role and responsibility as a wife. As a result of being so obedient, she later steals the highly valued handkerchief because her husband desired it. Shakespeare utilizes Emilia to portray his negative position on marriage and the modest duty of a wife in bed, and nothing more; while developing the submissive character of Desdemona. The foil of Emilia and Desdemona, as a result of their opposing views on marriage and physiognomies of women, helps Shakespeare portray his message of women and marriage. Emilia and Iago’s position on marriage can frequently be uncovered though their reflections on both men and women.
Women were held to this standard, unless they were a prostitute or some kind of courtesan of sorts. The idea that Lusanna did not live up to this ideal is demonstrated a few different times throughout these proceedings. For starters, Giovanni’s procurators argue that their client met and had erotic encounters with Lusanna while she was still married to her first husband. It is alleged that Lusanna used these meeting times to seduce Giovanni into his vow that he would marry her if anything were to happen with her husband. This shows that Lusanna was having an extra marital after behind her husband’s back, which would bring terrible shame to herself and her family name.
At the beginning of the prologue, the Wife of Bath says that, “Experience, even if there were no authority in this world, would be grounds enough for me” (1). She is telling the pilgrims that she will use her experience to guide her arguments about marriage before telling the tale. Although the Wife of Bath tries to contradict her misogynistic stereotypes, she actually unintentionally fulfills her medieval misogynistic stereotypes and reinforces the pilgrims that men should have control over women. The Wife of Bath is against her misogynistic stereotypes. In the prologue, when the Wife of Bath is talking about her five husbands, she says, “Since I had them wholly in my hand, and since they had given me all their land, why should I take pains to please them, unless it should be for my own profit or pleasure?” (211) While her husbands are giving their land to to Alisoun, she did not make any effort to make them feel better!
The Wyf of Bathe's domination of men parallels the aspiration of the knight in he... ... middle of paper ... ...ion as specific as the ones in The Canterbury Tales, especially within the church, are not easily found. The Wyf's reaction to the male dominated era that she lives in also gives insights into the way females deal with their lack of authority in their culture. By refusing to sleep with her husbands, and making them believe that she is having an affair, she is able to control them. Forced to give up their manhood to her, they obey her every word. When they don't enslave themselves to her she manipulates them until they are finally forced to give in to her power.
The government declares this a feminist improvement on the sexual politics of today when women are seen as sex objects. The harsh message and unhappy tone in the Handmaid’s Tale makes it difficult to comprehend sometimes. It is a novel of a world we do not want, but could possibly see, and a reminder that we must embrace our freedoms and fight back when anyone, especially the Government tries to take them away. Atwood has intentionally placed the events of the novel in a historical context, as she urges us to think and see that such a fate is not far off, but imaginable, especially in societies like Piexoto’s that mask their sexi... ... middle of paper ... ... of her? Did she devote herself to the resistance?
Does she do so in favor of a mutually blissful marriage or to conform to patriarchal ideals? Perhaps Chaucer and the Wife of Bath are suggesting that male rehabilitation and female dominance are only necessary up to a point. Once the knight and the hag achieve a shared understanding they are able to coexist. Or perhaps in the very end both Chaucer and the Wife of Bath acknowledge that this kind of understanding is sheer fantasy and the Wife cruses the couple for good luck and protection. With both these valid possibilities, the tale presents a mixed message about the place of feminism and female authority.
In the Medieval poem “Lanval” by Marie De France, she explores the traditional theme of Guinevere by utilizing literary interests and demonstrating the original ideas of Guinevere’s character. Accordingly, she approaches when Guinevere favors others over her husband and how she follows a plan to seduce them. For this poem., Guinevere remains to be a supporting character who causes unfortunate events for the main character, Lanval. Wanting to start an affair with him, Guinevere rushes herself over to him and displays her fiery personality to the hero offering herself to him. Completely blindsiding her, Lanval refuses and walks away from her.