How could the fires set upon Troy last for seven years? Yet to pre-Christian civilizations, what we think of as mythology would have been a true belief system for these ancient peoples. Frequent discoveries are leading people to hypothesize that there was possibly a Trojan War. Just because Homer’s Iliad is thought to be legend, does this mean that it never happened? If there is a Loch Ness Monster, why couldn’t there have been a Trojan War?
However, once this common enemy was defeated, Sparta and Athens began to become great rivals vying for control of Greece. This resulted in the First and Second Peloponnesian Wars, which saw the rise and fall of the Athenian Empire. Sparta eventually rose to be the victor with the assistance of their former enemy Persia, but the era city-states would not live on for very much longer. The Peloponnesian Wars should be studied, because it details the rise and fall of one of the greatest city-states in Greek history.
The fighting first started with Paris of Troy taking Helen, the most beautiful women in the world, back to Troy and away from her husband King Menelaus of Sparta. Outraged, King Menelaus gathered the kings and armies of Greece, and set sail towards Troy, to wage war and take back Helen. Although the Greeks had brought massive forc... ... middle of paper ... ...there is little evidence of direct trade between the Mycenaeans and the Hittites, large quantities of both Mycenaean and Hititte goods have been found at Hissarlik. While the archaeological evidence found at Troy seems to imply mostly peaceful relationships with both the Hittites and the Mycenaeans, Hittite records found at the Hittite capital of Hattusa seems to reveal more warlike relationships. The first probable mention of Troy actually came from the records of a military expedition led by the Hittite King Tudhaliya I.
I disagree with this statement, there is evidence a Trojan War or Wars did happen, possibly around north-western Turkey. Eric Cline from the George Washington University says “The archaeological and textual evidence indicates that a Trojan War or Wars took place and that Homer chose to write about one or more of them making it into a great ten-year-long saga”. In the Illiad the Trojan War was fought around 1200-1100 BC. The Illiad was writing by the blind poet Homer around 750 BC. Helen of Sparta was married to king Menelaus of Sparta.
The writings of Homer in the Iliad and the Odyssey provide the main source of information regarding the Trojan War. However this proved an exaggerated account of the fall of Troy, with the other archeological evidence provided being limited and hard to find. Due to these reasons, it is hard to find any proof of the war of Troy as anything more than speculation and myth, excepting the discovery of a site that is believed to be the place of Troy in a village in modern day Turkey by Heinrich Schliemann in 1862. The archeological evidence has since been widely accepted as the ancient city of Troy, however, there is still large amounts of speculation regarding the content of the war, as there is little evidence suggesting the war occurred. The story of the fall of Troy as portrayed by Homer is one of not only conflicts between humans, but also conflicts between the gods, who were “interested themselves as much in this famous war as the parties themselves” (Thomas Bulfinch, 1855).
Odysseus is a hero of all times thanks to Homer who wrote his story in The Odyssey. Odysseus is a hero in his on time because of all his adventures and characteristics. Homer wrote about the Trojan War, in which Odysseus took part in, in the Iliad, and about Odysseus’ long journey home in, The Odyssey. There have been theories that suggest that Homer was illiterate and could not have possibly recited poems of these lengths by memory, and that they were put together much later on and added to. However, there is evidence that a city, possible Troy, existed and was destroyed.
It covers only a small portion of the ten year Trojan War. The Trojan War began over Helen, the wife of Gree... ... middle of paper ... ...ings himself, Zeus gave the side he was on a preeminent chance in the war. Zeus prolonged the war by being on the Trojan side and cost many lives in the process. Using the power of his hand and of his mind, Zeus manipulated circumstances in order to influence the outcome of his desires. Works Cited Kip, A. Maria Van Erp Taalman.
Throughout the Iliad of Homer, he is portrayed as a brave, sagacious, cunning warrior, and he is awarded the famous armor of the Greek warrior Achilles on the latter's death. Odysseus was responsible for bringing the Greek heroes Neoptolemus and Philoctetes to Troy for the final stage of the conflict. In the Odyssey it is said that he proposed the strategem of the Trojan Horse, the means by which Troy was conquered. In the works of later classical writers, particularly those of the Greek poet Pindar, the Greek playwright Euripides, and the Roman poet Vergil, Odysseus is characterized as a cowardly and scheming politician. In Latin his name is rendered as Ulysses.
The Greeks lost their first battle against the Persians. The Persians second attempt for an invasion was located at Marathon in Greece in 490 BC. The Persian generals Datis and Artaphernes had 48,000 men and a few sh... ... middle of paper ... ...ve victory in the war, the Athenians could rightly be said to have saved all Greece from Persian domination.” (Jona 4). The Greeks stopped the Persians from conquering the rest of Persia. The city of Athens is in ruins, but sooner or later the Greeks will rebuild it to be a more fabulous city.
In terms of external struggles, humanity creates his own external conflicts to bring about resolution to a present problem if a peaceful solution cannot be found. In the Iliad, the war between the Achaeans and Trojans began after Helen left with Paris for Troy. The fight for Helen between two men escalated to a war between two civilizations. Menelaos feelings for Helen did not allow him to just let her go without any trouble. Instead, he and Agamemnon rallied the entire Achaean civilization to fight Troy in order to bring Helen and her riches back.