The Terminal Stage of the Unification of Germany

977 Words4 Pages
At the turn of the 20th century, the nations of Europe had been largely at peace with one another for nearly 30 years. Yet in a little more than a decade, a massive war engulfed Europe and spread across the globe. WWI was initiated by the Nationalistic feeling from the multifarious nations, leading to the rise of militarism and Imperialism, which ultimately guided to the organization of the alliance systems between the nations. In the late 1800s, the idea of nationalism swept across the continent of Europe that steered about the Great War such as Russian supporting the Slavic peoples, assassination of Archduke, and unification of Germany. With the increasing desire for independence, the Slavic peoples in Bosnia and Herzegovina no longer wanted to be part of Austria Hungary but instead be part of Serbia; the Slavic people shared the same ethnicity as the Russians, therefore it provided a reason for the Russians to support the Slavic people when they are at war (Adams, 356). In 1914, a secret Siberian society known as the Black Hand made an attempt to assassinate Francis Ferdinand, the Austrian-Hungarian Archduke. Their accomplishment in the assassination became the catalyst that sparked the disputes between the nations in Europe (Tucker, 1466). As to penalize Serbia, the Austrian government presented the ultimatum to Belgrade on 23, July 1914; it is comprised of a lengthy list of demands made upon the Serbian government. Nationalism helped the Prussians to unify its people; under the leadership of Von Bismark, Germany began to expand its land through military power; Pan-Germanism was a movement whose goal was the political unification of all people speaking German or a Germanic language (Ross, 455). The terminal stage of the unifi... ... middle of paper ... ...ent of hostile activity directed toward France (Merriman, 201). The Balkan league was an alliance of Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece, and Montenegro, which fought the first Balkan War against Turkey in 1912-1913 (Balkan League). Created to limit increasing Austrian power in the Balkans, the League was actually formed at the instigation of Russia in order to expel the Turks from Balkans (Tucker, 1534). These alliances were meant to bring peace but in reality it was comprised of endless flaws, the nations battled against one another prior to deep devotion to one’s nation. The fragile Europe stability collapsed into armed conflicts thus sparked the Great War. This brittle stability is acknowledged to be triggered by the patriotic devotion leading to natural rivalry over limited resources and military advancements, which was then used to protect one’s nation and alliance.

    More about The Terminal Stage of the Unification of Germany

      Open Document