At the start of the sixteenth century, the Reformation had put an ungracious end to the dependent unification that had prevailed under the Roman Catholic Church. In response to the growing sense of corruption in the church, the reformation began. Many people began opposing views of how Christian practices were expressed, which led to the formation and spread of Protestantism. While the Pope is head of the Catholic Church, Protestantism is a general term that refers to Christianity that is not subject to papal authority. (1.)
The Protestant Reformation of the 16th century was a religious revolution that occurred within the Christian Church, which resulted in the establishment of Protestant Churches, who began breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church. Originally the movement was started by Martin Luther, who was a monk, a priest and a Professor of Biblical study at the University of Wittenberg (Fisher 335). Luther, with his great political influence as well as his prolific writing, most notably his 95 Thesis, began a movement intended to address the abuses of wealth within the church. Although there were many people who realized that the church needed reformation, at the time, Luther really had no intention to split the church. The Protestant Reformation was an intellectual, cultural, religious, and political, upheaval that would separate Catholic Europe and set in place the structures and beliefs that would define the continent. In Christianity’s history, the Protestant Reformation was one of the most significant religious revolutions.
As you stated in the prompt, Martin Luther, a German monk and theology teacher, completely transformed Europe by starting the reformation. The textbook states, “These movements deepened existing divisions among peoples, rulers, and states while opening up new divisions and points of contention” (Coffin, Stacey and Cole). The textbook then goes on to claim, “The result was a profound transformation of the religious, social, and political landscape that affected the lives of everyone in Europe – and everyone in the new European colonies, then and now” (Coffin, Stacey and Cole). The reformation would have an influential impact on both the New World, and eventually, the United States.
The protestant reformation of 16th century had both: immediate and long term effects. Thus, we can see that it was a revolution of understanding the essence of religion, and of what God is. The protestant reformation is said to a religious movement. However, it also influenced the economical, political and social life of people. The most global, short term effect of the reformation was the reevaluation of beliefs, and, as a result, the loss of authority of the Holy Roman Empire. The long term effects were: the emergence of new heretical movements, the declining of papacy, thus the reevaluation of people’s view on the church and life values.
In my essay I will attempt to give an overview of the many positive and negative changes that the reformation groups and individuals had to Roman Catholic Church and other churches. The reformation was a religious movement that started officially by Martin Luther challenging the sale of the indulgences in Roman Church.
The Protestant Reformation
The Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century is one of the most complex movements in European history since the fall of the Roman Empire. The Reformation truly ends the Middle Ages and begins a new era in the history of Western Civilization. The Reformation ended the religious unity of Europe and ushered in 150 years of religious warfare. By the time the conflicts had ended, the political and social geography in the west had fundamentally changed. The Reformation would have been revolutionary enough of itself, but it coincided in time with the opening of the Western Hemisphere to the Europeans and the development of firearms as effective field weapons.
The Lutheran reformation came out because Martin Luther was not happy with the state of the church in his time. The thought of buying indulgences is what ultimately led him to write his 95 Thesis against the church, which is what historians use to date the overall Protestant Reformation. The process of buying indulgences was to pay a little bit of money in exchange for time off in purgatory, not only for the living, but also for those that had already died and were suffering in purgatory. Ultimately, the Lutheran Reformation was an important conflict in Church history. Because of the lasting division in the Church, it created Luther’s importance for German identity, and the understanding of confession.
In the 16th century the Protestant Reformation divided the Roman Catholic Church. This reform was led by Martin Luther whose original intentions were to reform the church, but resulted in a split between Protestant and Catholic. Soon the Protestant Church itself divided resulting in two more churches, one Protestant, and the other reformed church. The Reformed Church is better known as Presbyterian, whose conspicuous leader was John
John Calvin had many beliefs which had been adopted by the Presbyterian Church.
Reformation in Europe
In the early 16th century, the church was the most powerful institution in Europe, even stronger than government; however, in 1517, Martin Luther, a professor in Northern Germany, posted criticisms of the church on a chapel door which would cause profound reformation of the religious system in Europe. When the dissent spread out to the world, the Catholic religion was shattered and many people of high social rank, such as king and princes, either defended or opposed Luther’s argument. Also, most people left the Catholic Church and became Protestants. What made everything turn to chaos after Luther published his thesis and what happened after this?
Colorado Christian University
The reformation had a lot of different people involved, the magisterial reformers and the Anabaptist. They had different views compared to the roman catholic church on the three solas. The solas are sola gratia which means grace alone, sola scriptura which means scripture alone, and sola fide which means faith alone.