The Pros And Cons Of The 13th Amendment

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In 1865 4 million people were freed and let out on their own for the first time ever. They weren’t really sure what to do at this time but they had to find a way because they were now by themselves in a world that didn’t accept them. There were 3 Amendments made to the US Constitution that freed these slaves and put the African Americans in the country in such a bad situation. These Amendments and the actions by the president and his appointed boards were unsuccessful due to the racist laws and resistance against the American Reconstruction. Some of these laws include the Jim Crow Laws and some of these racist people congregated in a group called the Klu Klux Klan. These actions went against the 13th 14th and 15th Amendments voiding them as a whole. The 13th Amendment to the constitution was made to give African American people declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction"(S.Banfield). This, to the African Americans, was such an amazing new law. It freed many slaves in the South and slaves in the North who weren’t freed already. It put an end to the harsh treatment and work with no pay that the men and women who were slaves had to deal with on a daily basis. This was something good that came from the 13th Amendment. But once they were on their own most African Americans had a very hard time. Before this Amendment was passed they were used to living in someone elses home and being fed by their family. They almost never had the skills needed to live on their own in the 19th Century. The 14th Amendment was created in favor of African Americ... ... middle of paper ... ...ecame a hallmark of the Klan” ( These acts were terrorizing in mostly the south and it made it very difficult for an African American to adapt and get used to life as a free person. This was a tragedy for the United States and Grant, the president at the time, was willing to use military force or martial law in an effort to put an end to these actions of resistance. Scalawags and Carpetbaggers are two terms that were used to refer to the two sides of resistance during Reconstruction. The scalawags are to refer to the Southerners. A scalawag is defined as a rascal and a carpetbagger is a hitchhiker who carries all of their belongings in their suitcase, called a carpetbag ( These terms are used to describe the separate sides of the country. The scalawags disobeying and resisting the new laws and the carpetbaggers trying to enforce them.

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