These ideas were used to create the concept of white and white superiority in order to justify slavery and justify the brutal treatment of Native Americans. Jefferson in Notes on the State of Virginia ponders the idea that black slaves are mentally and bodily inferior to white people. He also talks about how Native Americans are like Europeans they just need to be civilized (The Stories We Tell). The concept was used to sort out those that made up 'civililized socity' and those that did not, potentially being sub-human beings. These distinctions lead to the sociatal acceptance that blacks were able to be enslaved for life, and that Native Americans could be mistreated, killed, robbed, and such because they were lesser then the white race.
Paul Laurence Dunbar was one of the first black poets in his time to confront the hypocrisy he saw around him. “We wear the mask” was one of his outstanding works that addressed racial injustices in American society. This poem was all about the assertion that “we wear the masks” to hide their true feeling. Yet, he goes on to emphasize that the ruthlessness of suffering and pain that these masks try to cover up because they had to keep all the pains by themselves without expressing. According to William Carroll, “The poem closes with a repetition of a sentiment stated earlier: ‘But let the world dream otherwise, / we wear the mask!’ The people show a dogged determination to keep the true nature of their sufferings to themselves and to present to others an outward show of happiness and lack of care.
Many preachers taught that whites were the chosen people and the black population was cursed to be servants to the white population. Many people believed and supported the fact that blacks were genetically, mentally, and socially inferior to whites. Pro-segregation representatives gave authoritative speeches on the great danger of integration. They made blacks seem like a beast and that every one of them was dangerous to society. All major social organizations mirrored and supported... ... middle of paper ... ...ays rely on other people to help him and give him what he needs.
Du Bois wanted civil rights as well, but in contrast, he believe the only way to get it was through political action and demanding for equal rights. He also believed education would get the black race somewhere. “The South believed an educated Negro to be a dangerous Negro. And the South was not wholly wrong; for education among all kinds of men always has had, and always will have, an element of danger and revolution, of dissatisfaction and discontent. Nevertheless, men strive to know” (Du Bois Page) as W.E.B.
Segregation dehumanized African Americans, because they were always treated like outcast. According to David Howard-Pitney, author of “Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, and the Civil Rights Struggle of the 1950s and 1960s”, King “saw how the system of segregation ended up in the exploitation of the Negro as well as the poor whites” (Pitney 42). In other words, King informed African Americans that segregation laws were created to treat all blacks and whites who were not wealthy unfairly. ... ... middle of paper ... ...lm X risked their freedom for African Americans. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X were two leaders that African Americans admired and appreciated, because they both risk their lives for equality.
In doing so, Douglass counters the argument of blacks receiving a healthy faith from being enslaved. He a... ... middle of paper ... ...act, whether that be out of sympathy, nationalism, or selfishness. Amongst so many abolitionists and adamant southern voices fighting to be heard in disunited America, Frederick Douglass was such an influential person in the antislavery movement because of his rhetoric. He uses captivating modes of persuasion, strategically addressing specific audiences with different arguments. Douglass makes the dehumanizing effects of slavery on slaves obvious, appealing to feelings of sympathy in the North; however, he also appeals to the agitators of slavery — slaveowners in the South — by stressing how the corrupt and irresponsible power they enjoy are detrimental to their own moral health.
Du Bois wanted civil rights as well, but in contrast he believe the only way to get it was through political action and demanding for equal rights. He also believe education would get the black race somewhere. “The South believed an educated Negro to be a dangerous Negro. And the South was not wholly wrong; for education among all kinds of men always has had, and always will have, an element of danger and revolution, of dissatisfaction and discontent. Nevertheless, men strive to know” (Du Bois Page) as W.E.B.
In W.E.B. DuBois, The Souls of Black Folk, DuBois talks about the relationship between black people and white people. DuBois through his book is trying to explain all of the obstacles black people have to go through due to racial issues. He says how a black person is made two of everything, even though they are just one normal human being and the only difference is their color. “One ever feels his two-ness,—an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder” (DuBois, 38).
The Civil War was a fight against slavery in the mid to late 1800s. When the North won and abolished slavery, the South still had the mindset of slavery; they thought that black people or previous slaves were below them like they had always been. Different black people had different responses to this heinous behavior by the white Southerners. Some accepted the discriminatory treatment by the whites while others wanted vengeance for the belittling treatment as slaves. In the book The Marrow of Tradition, there are multiple black characters who exhibit different responses to the racism shown in different events throughout the novel.
The narrator is not the only black male in the story to have experience the racism with the white men. The narrator tries to get away from the racism but struggles to, he come across multiple African Americans that attempt to do the same thing. All of these provide an idea to the correct way to be black in America and it also demonstrates how blacks should act. It is said that anyone who doesn’t follow these correct ways are betraying the race. In the beginning of the story, the narrator’s grandfather says that the only way to make racism become extinct that African Americans should be overly nice to whites.