Slaves endured many hardships such as being raped, beaten, and overworked by their slave masters. They were hardly considered as people to the white Americans. Slavery was ubiquitous throughout the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries. Slaves would get so frustrated with the abuse they received and would try to run away to the North, where African Americans could become free citizens. The North abolished slavery later in time because it wasn’t as dependent on it as to the South.
Yet, if a slave were to flee his description would be in an ad in the newspaper and the consequences when he returned would not be delightful. Under constant control, slaves struggled for centuries only to hope for a day when they could be treated as equals rather than always being inferior to the white man. Freed Slaves Some historians believe approximately 50,000 slaves ran away each year between 1830 and 1860(Ronald, , para. 44).This was a major issue in south because the southern slave masters were the most brutal. But, some slaves found it difficult being on their own and either came back or were captured due to advertisements in the newspaper.
Slaves often journeyed to Canada instead going to the northern states because of the Fugitive Slave Law. It’s a law where if he runaway slave is found they could be returned to their merciless masters, that means returned to their unforgiving masters or just simply r... ... middle of paper ... ...ravel at night time and rest, sleep or eat at day time. They do that so they can travel with a little more safely because its dark and they stop at daytime so that if they rest they can be more aware on the bounty hunters. Moreover, If you get caught escaping or help other slaves escape you will get yourself in serious trouble as long as you are in the United States because the law stills considers you property unless you go to Canada where they don't have slavery. "Bounty hunters were paid to capture and return any fugitive slaves they found"(Deverell William , Deborah Gray White page 419).
Since there were a percentage of slaves who seemed to be submissive, some of them were the main ones who plotted for their escape. You cannot assume that the more hostile slaves would leave because even though they were hard to be broken, some of them simply were not runaways. Also, Franklin analyzes the motives that caused runaways to leave the plantations causing the overseers great trouble. Runaways were not good in the slaveholder business, and it means a loss of profit for the slave master if they were never returned. Some slaves were determined to be free, even at the expense of their own lives.
The conductors would risk getting hung trying to transport slaves. People who were involved in the Underground railroad were church leaders, abolitionist, and philanthropists. Many would see the brutality that the slaves would endure and were eager to help in any way possible. If slaves were to get caught, they would risk being jailed, branded, sold back into slavery or in many cases killed. Many slaves had to worry about getting captured and killed by slave masters, but also had to avoid animals that were wild on the loose and ready to kill and eat.
This left African Americans no way to defend themselves against the prejudiced kidnappers and slave masters. Free African Americans, who should have been safe as any other person, were faced with the danger of being wrongly enslaved every day. They could be kidnapped as a result of an act put in place by greedy people that forced them to work in the cruel conditions of slavery. Free African Americans lost their lives to slavery, and most were not able to get it back. Hope kept them alive but whips beat them down.
Once the emancipation happened, there was a lot of confusion amongst slaves due to the fact that it happened unevenly across the country; at the end many of these slaves would have been freed more than once by the Union Army. Their freedom would last as long as the Union Army would stay in town, once the army left town they would found themselves re-enslaved by pockets of resistance. The slaves that were loyal to their owners were not willing to leave them, so they would oppose to be freed by the Union Army. Some slaves would lash back to their owners by having episodes of violent outburst. Others would joint the Union Army so they could pillage their former owner’s house.
Plantation owners in the south hunted for, captured, and enslaved African Americans to do a wide variety of work at the plantations. Even though these slaves would get regularly whipped for arbitrary reasons, the owners and masters believed that it was in the best interest of the slaves to be in slavery. A slave masters wife started teaching a slave by the name of Fredrick Douglass how to read because she believed he would not have gotten the chance to learn if he was not in slavery. Slave masters also knew the slaves had a better live because they had food to eat. They claimed that if the slaves had not been captured or born of a slave family, they would not have had the adequate amount of food to survive.
As the result, the Southern economy would fail. Once the railroad came into p... ... middle of paper ... ...mple, John Brown took over an arsenal in Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, and tried to give guns to slaves in order to start a rebellion. Even though he failed, he still became a hero to some because he risked his life in order to end slavery. Due to such acts, division within Southern society could be seen. These developments also created unison within Southern society.
Although the Railroad had its advantages, it also had many downfalls. The life of slavery had taken a large toll on many lives, so they had to find a way to the north for a better chance of survival. At the time, by escaping to the north, slaves would be considered freed men and women, but with the creation of the fugitive slave acts, many African American men and women had to do so much more to gain their freedom. Freedom was the objective that all slaves sought. Each day of their lives they were not even considered a full person, but only three fifths of one.