William Freehling said, “Posterity thinks of slavery as the South’s leading economic interest” (239). The Northern states were against slavery but they did not realize what it would do to the South when slavery is abolished. “The Southern economy, however, was built on the labor of the African-American slave, who were oppressed into providing cheap labor.” (History Central, web) This paper will allow us to look at the complete economics side of slavery and what effect it would have on them. History of Slaveries start in the South The Dutch West India Company was commissioned “to supply the colonist with as many Blacks as they conveniently can.” (Morison 75) When the South started to be developed in 1625 when The Virginian Company said, “Any Englishmen who agrees to take out at least 250 people at his own expense was allowed to choose … 1250 acres or more” (Morison 54) This is how the Plymouth Colony was started. These men were not blue-collar workers, for they had money and position.
The slaves were needed to work on plantations which helped the South prospered. During the 19th Century, the North worked hard on abolishing slavery, which they thought was a disgrace to the Union. The South relied strongly on the slave trade and when the North spoke of abolishing it, the South spoke of forming there own country. These slaves were very valuable to the slaveholding planter class. They were a huge investment to Southerners and if taken away, could mean massive losses to everyone.
This situation was not ideal because the Southern farmers wanted more control over their workers (orange). Virginian farmers heard about the success of slavery in the Caribbean and thought it would be a good solution to their problems (blue). The southern colonists had a very different way of earning a living than in the north. They needed people to work through “the harsh realities of a land-rich, but labor-scarce economy…” (Purple). The plantation owners had all the land and resources, but no one to work on their grounds long term.
Slavery in the eighteen hundreds was as important to southern plantations as cars are for most people today. Without one’s slaves, there was almost no way to earn a profit and be successful for some. When President Lincoln and Congress proposed the removal of slavery, many in the South became upset by this. After all, who was a white northerner to tell a southern plantation owner what he can and cannot do on his land hundreds of miles away? The North did not understand how important slavery was to the Southern economy.
These factors and many more including slavery were the main causes of The Civil War. To begin slavery was the main income for southern states. Many would argue that tobacco or cotton was main profits for Southern states, but we can all agree that without slavery there would be no gatherings of both products. The Southern states would believe that slavery is acceptable; they would do so by scaring people into believing that “Defenders of slavery argued that the sudden end to the slave economy would have had a profound and killing economic impact in the South where reliance on slave labor was the foundation of their economy. The cotton economy would collapse.
(2-615) To increase profits, the farms, known as plantations, had to grow. Managing a plantation of an average of 335 acres took a lot of labor, and the most economical source was the slave trade. Without slaves, plantation owners would have to hire people to manage their farms, an option that many were either unable to take or unwilling to consider. I know that the south needed slavery to support their agriculture based econo... ... middle of paper ... ...f humans, and to uphold the power of the federal government. The causes of the civil war were really the result of a divided nation, but the civil war did make it possible for the nation to become whole again.
See without slaves, poor whites would have to provide the cheap labor so necessary for the cultivation of tobacco and rice, and their low wages would preclude their ever owning property. (Kennedy, 2010) Thomas Jefferson’s father owned many slaves that would be passed down to him once his father died. Throughout his life, Jefferson was straddled with a level of debt that would not all... ... middle of paper ... ...zed them to the best of their abilities. He did in fact write, “all men are created equal” in the Declaration of Independence. He was known for his strive and dedication to change the way people viewed slavery.
Migration starting the original Cherokee Nation arose in the early 1800’s. The Cherokee’s were one of the richest tribes in the United States. Many Cherokees owned small farms and had a few large plantations where Africans were imprisoned. More or less Cherokees were cautious of white infringement and moved west on their own to settle down in other areas of the nation. Previously the Old Settlers had willingly relocated in 1817 to Arkansas where they created a government also well as a diplomatic way of life.
With demands growing for cotton, the Necessity for supplementary slaves was evident, especially since whites refused to work in those conditions. The only way for a planter to realize profits was to yield a large harvest, but that meant the acquisition of good, strong labor. In the essay, “Human Property Bought and Sold”, Walter Johnson explains the upbringing of a dollar-fetching slave and how demands shifted with the westward expansion of slavery. Judged by the size of his feet, his height, and his shape, “growing into money” was the slaveholder’s way of measuring the potential value of his slave. While it is impossible to understand the extent of brutality the young slaves endured, it is equally as difficult to understand the experience of being sold and separated from family.
Accessed 22 April, 2014. http://www.southalabama.edu/history/faculty/donald/jeffersonandslavery.pdf Miller Center. 2014. “American President: Thomas Jefferson 1743-1826.” Last modified April 2014. http://millercenter.org/president/jefferson Poplar Forest. 2014. “Jefferson’s Views on Slavery.” Last modified April 2014. http://www.poplarforest.org/jefferson/plantation-life/jeffersons-views-on-slavery/#.U1Tu5hY6IW0 Statistics of Slaves.