As modern technologies became more prevalent, traditional methods of surviving were forgotten for many reasons. Pita Aatami, the president of the Makavik Corporation, is a tribal leader who, along with other tribal leaders, has a vision of incorporating modern technologies with traditional values. The Inuit people of Nunavik had a very distinct culture before the Europeans arrived. The modes of transportation consisted of dog sleds, and kayaks made of skin and bone. Because of the cold climate, they ate animals from the ocean and rivers such as Beluga Whales, seals, and fish.
Inuit also refers to the group of people of "Eskimoid" ancestry, which live in northern Canada. The word "Eskimo" means "eaters of raw meat" - and in today's time it is insulting to use the term. "Eskimo" is a word that comes from the CREE. It is a term that honors the ability of this group of people to survive in a harsh climate, living on the products of the hunt alone. There were several different "Eskimoid" cultures that came to the Canadian Arctic at different times.
Some of the Eskimo hunt whales polar bears seals and walruses , they also fish and get a lot to other foods form the sea Some of the yupik annd inupiat families live inland along rivers and forests. They get food by hunting moose and caribou. There are salmon fisherman reindeer herders and caribou hunters who hunt and fish around the arctic tundra. The women spend their time sewing fur birch bark baskets and clothes to keep everyone warm, also to prevent frostbite Alaska s in upiat Eskimos have small villages that their ancestors lived in for hundreds of years. They also lived in larger towns built on top of ancient trading sites.
The animals that occupy the artic regions have learned to survive the furry of Mother Nature, but still must compete for survival with the top predator of the artic, the polar bear. Polar bears inhabit the circumpolar arctic regions. They live near their primary food source in the ice packs of the artic. The bears inhabit the circumpolar North, which would consist of Canada, Alaska, Greenland, and other regions in the artic. The temperatures range between -40°F to -50°F in the winters and summer temperatures stay around -29°F.
They survive mostly by hunting and fishing. During the winter months, Nenet men will carve a hole in the ice and plunge their hands into the water when a fish is captured. Considering the weather can get to -50 degrees Celsisus, this is quite a feat. The Nenets are hardy people who flourish in the cold and barren lands of Siberia. They make seasonal migrations through the tundra and... ... middle of paper ... ...e “old lady of the chum” who protects the domestic aspects of life.
During the summertime they traded out their igloos for tents as shelter. At times they would add animal skins on their tents if it wasn't warm e... ... middle of paper ... ... Religion in the Arctic region of Alaska have two major components, Shamanism and Anamism. The Inuit being strongly connected to land and environment, because of their hunting reflected onto their religion. The Shaman is a strong figure in the native tribes of the Arctic region of Alaska.
Polar bears, the largest land carnivores, feed on species, such as seals, fish, young walruses, and, sometimes, choose to scavenge on carcasses of different types of whales. Seeing as most of these animals live underwater, polar bears’ habitat is along the coastal areas of the Arctic tundra. They prefer areas with leads- water channels or cracks through ice which remain open to hunt seals- and polynyas- areas of water, surrounded by ice, that remain open year-round. The niche of male polar bears is to obtain food and protect their families. They can become so vicious that they kill other polar bears to obtain basic items, such as food.
By overpopulation they have caused many problems from farmers to hunters, even some game. In some small way they may have helped with the illegal poaching of the wolves by making it legal to purchase tags and trapping permits. There are many ways in which the government and the people who care about the wolves and the people that are effected are working to fix this problem. Works cited (1) http://www.ask.com/question/how-do-wolves-hunt (2) Rob Pennell (3) http://www.fws.gov/wafwo/species/Fact%20sheets/gray%20wolf%20final.pdf (4) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mackenzie_Valley_wolf (5) http://fishandgame.idaho.gov/public/wildlife/wolves/?getPage=260
The Inupiat, like other Arctic peoples,are mainly hunter gathers. Only men are hunters among the Inupiat. What they hunt depends on where they are located. The Nunamiut, who live inland, hunt caribou, grizzly bears, moose, and dall sheep, while the Tareumiut , the coastal people, hunt walrus, seals, whales, and in rare instances polar bears; however both groups are dependant on geese, ducks, rabbits and berries. Traditionally hunters traveled in dog sleds or canoes from place to place and used spears, harpoons, and bows as weapons Hunting is the single most important duty of any Inupiat man because of the scarcity of any other resources.
Although there are many disadvantages of hunting, but we can’t forget about the several advantages. Food is the major advantage of hunting. We kill and eat many different types of animals for food such as: deer, rabbit, duck, and birds… Hunting also provides us with clothing and sometimes even shelter. We use the fur and hide to make clothes. In the old days, the Indians hunted buffalo and used their hide for shelter, their fur for clothing, and their meat for food.