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The Standford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.Winter 2010. Web. 26 Apr. 2012. "Existentialism-A Philosophy."
This incarceration and banishment was in response to satirical compositions written by Voltaire that the French political powers felt undermined their rule. Despite harsh censorship laws, Voltaire still wrote many works over his lifetime which critically questioned European traditions; often times manifesting quite a satirical touch to the piece. He was often critical of established religion and absolute monarchy, including the tight church-state relationship, expressing his distaste for their hypocritical behaviors and corruptness. Voltaire’s works occasionally commented on the importance of empiricism and experiential philosophy, ideas which had just begun to gain traction over the previous few decades. Letters on England was Voltaire’s response to what he observed during his time in England: a society with religious tolerance, a moderate political power, and an emphasis on science and the arts.
Thomas Hobbs's philosophy Hobbes Moral: Thomas Hobbes is known best for his political thought and the English philosopher. The vision of Hobbes for the world is still relevant to modern politics. He always focus the problems of social and political order: that how human beings can keep away the terror of civil and difference to live together in peace and got authorize to decide every social and political matter. Otherwise state of nature anticipate us and closely remind us of civil war where there everyone have insecurity and fear violent death and human cooperation. Hobbes himself had complex view of human motivation that most researcher accept.
Kemos, Alexander. " Thucydides in the Modern World." HR-Net Home page. http://www.hri.org/por/thucydides.html (accessed May 27, 2011). "Political Realism in International Relations (Stanford Study of Philosophy)."
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Despite the excessive bloodshed that dominated the era, the French Revolution’s violence was not in vain, for the legacy of the revolution has ignited scores of independence movements in its wake and inspired new ideologies that continue to shape the modern world. To resolve the chaos that the revolution provoked, the Third Estate of France wrote many reforms that would improve the government and form the basis of many future revolutionaries’ ideas. King Louis XVI required each of his Estates to write grievances, called cahiers, to address issues that each Estate wished to have fixed. In their "Cahier of 1789", the Third Estate confronts the Estates General's lack of participation within the French government and its corrupt legal system, both of which are major issues among the French lower classes (Doc. 6).
However, many people in Voltaire's time were illiterate, superstitious, unreasonable, and relied upon the guidance of the ruler. Voltaire believed in enlightened despotism, which was when the people obeyed the laws and made sure they were fairly enforced by all cla... ... middle of paper ... ... the church and caused many people to question their faith and reason. Voltaire was one of the many philosophes who challenged people's faith and who was a part of the advancements in reason during the Enlightenment. - Frederick Artz, The Enlightenment in France (Oberlin: The Kent State University - Press, 1968), p. 66. - See Frederick Artz, p. 76.
He was asked upon to write a piece of literature on the French Revolution. It was assumed that as an Englishman, Burke’s words would be positive and supportive. Given that he was a member of the Whig party, and that he supported the Glorious Revolution in England. Contrary to what was presumed of him, Burke was very critical of the French Revolution. He frequently stated that a fast change in society is bad.