The Eugenics Movement

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In the 1920s, a company in New York started a movement known as “The Eugenics Movement.” The idea of eugenics was eventually picked up by Germany, China, Peru, India and Bangladesh. The movement is still in effect till this day; however, it is not as prevalent as it once was.

The beginning of the Eugenics Movement all started at Cold Spring Harbor, New York. The United States coined the term Eugenics from Great Britain in the early 1900s. In the year 1910, a man by the name of Charles B. Davenport founded the Eugenics Records Office (ERO). The funds for this building came from Mrs. E.H. Harriman (“Eugenics: Did the Eugenics Movement Benefit the United States?”). The movement was initially meant to purify the Gene Pool. One of the ways this was done was through immigration control. The mixing of genes (mixing of different races) was extremely frowned upon for the unknown outcomes that would eventually surface. One issue that was very high priority was “feeblemindedness” within the gene pool; the ERO wanted to remove this mutated gene to make the non-feebleminded people prosper, making them the “strongest” gene carriers (“Learning from History: Long Island’s Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, circa 1920.”). The bulk of the movement happened within three decades, in order to start the change towards fitter families (“Learning from History: Long Island’s Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, circa 1920.”).

Davenport had many activities that he pursued. In 1910, Davenport got money from the people who started the Hempstead Native Rail Road Empire, the family of Edward Harriman. A teacher from Missouri, Harry Laughlin, was picked to run the Cold Spring Harbor Office. Charles Davenport, as well as others, had put thirty years into the movement...

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...putation and others not so much. Countries that have participated in such ordeals have since changed their methods, including the United States. There are different opinions about whether or not this was a good way to lower the population rate or not.

Works Cited

"Eugenics: Did the Eugenics Movement Benefit the United States?" History in Dispute. Ed. Robert J. Allison. Vol. 3: American Social and Political Movements, 1900-1945: Pursuit of Progress. Detroit: St. James Press, 2000. 17-23. Canada In Context. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.

"Forced Sterilization." Encyclopedia of Race and Racism. Ed. John Hartwell Moore. Vol. 1. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2008. 483-486. Canada In Context. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.

"Learning from History: Long Island's Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, circa 1920." Long Island Business News 7 Apr. 2006. General OneFile. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.

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