Also Engels and Marx argued about the exploitation of working class and the interests of the capitalists that affect proletarian. The alienation of man is another reason for Marx to be against capitalism that make human beings denied their true nature. Since old times there was the division of classes, where Marx and Engels opposed to it, because in capitalist societies lead to unequal division of income and welfare. In modern capitalist societies, the critiques of Marx still seems to be relevant, as there is the division of classes and the unequal share and welfare exist until now most seen in countries such as Britain or United States. Marx view in the capitalist society is that capitalism is an economic system where production is done on by employees working with several means of production which belong to their employer.
In the end revolution was the inevitable result by the endless exploitation of the workers by the capitalists. Karl Marks was talking about his time in age, but we are starting to see some of these ideas come to light in our own era. An example is “Occupy Wall Street” which is a protest against social and economic inequality. This protest highlights the high unemployment, greed, corruption, and the undue influence of corporations that mainly deal with financial services, and their ties with the government. The wor... ... middle of paper ... ...s time, and his works were used in the building of Communist countries, his visions of needing a balance of Socialism and Capitalism with the removal of religion from government were brilliant.
F. Scott Fitzgerald’s masterpiece, The Great Gatsby, can be read as a critique of capitalism. Fitzgerald created a world where class and money are the essence of everyone’s desire. The plot and the settings of unfolding events in The Great Gatsby are perfect examples of structures of capitalism, along class lines, which allows for a Marxist capitalist critique. Even though Fitzgerald wasn’t a socialist or Marxist himself, he shows in his book how capitalism creates and alienates different social classes. Class levels in the US of the 1920s are very prominent – the rich class is drastically separated from the poor class, and the rich class wishes to keep it that way.
Therefore, the result led to inherent instability and injustice in any given society where such form of capitalism is under practice. This is why Marx chose socialism, a good model for both political and economic structures. A close reference to Marx’s assertion would point to the understanding that his reasoning fought for an establishment of a collective ownership, the production, and a central planning characteristic, which aimed at distributing wealth equitably, and thus do away with the differences between the bourgeoisie and the proletariats. Carnegie and Smith insisted on self-amassing of wealth, resulting in an increase in discriminative social stratification, thus the exploitation of society (Skousen 88). For example, Smith continually detailed that one could garner economic benefits proportionate to his individual efforts, just like Carnegie, as this would amount to the economy’s cumulative wealth.
According to Marx two basic classes bourgeoisie, the owners of the means of production and Proletariat, the workers around which other less important classes are grouped, oppose each other in capitalist system. On the other hand, for Mussolini the idea of class system is pointless and for him fascist state is one where a hierarchical society exists. Mussolini assumes that in this universe there is a “fruitful inequality of mankind”. (pg. 443).
Marx demonstrated how capitalism divides society into two separate social classes. Marx points to the wealthy as the social class that dominates with money and often overlooks the working class. The particular social class will have economic power over those who labor of good and services. Additionally, Marx had the understanding that the more the working
Workers and Supervisors. Husbands and Wives. He believed capitalism forced people to only think of money and have an economical reason behind all that they decide to do. He felt the entire system of capitalism was corrupt, and it was unfair for a small group of people to reap the rewards of the hard work that the masses performed. Marx believed Capitalism would eventually self-destruct because of the tension it creates, and would be replaced by Socialism.
The amount of commodities is based on the cost of life and the workers’ work ethic. Marx foreseen that class conflict between the bourgeoisie and proletariat would result in the collapsing of capitalism. The motivations of the capitalist and the workers create conflict because the capitalist attempt to uphold capitalism by advocating their principles, beliefs, and fabricated perceptions that prevent proletariats from rebelling. Once the two classes conflict with one another the cla... ... middle of paper ... ...top positions in the governmental and business hierarchy from communal principles and beliefs. Majority come from the upper third of the salary and professional pyramids, their upbringings were from the same upper class, some attended the same preparatory school and Ivy League universities.
The idea of Marxism came about as a rejection to capitalism. Marx is associated with the idea of establishing a classless society. Under the capitalist society there was a class struggle between the working and owning class. The owning class exploited the working class by making them dependent on the owning class for survival. The working class was dependent on the ownin... ... middle of paper ... ...uation M-C-M is associated with the owning/ruling class because they make money through the transfer of money.
Marxist critics champion authors whose works challenge economic equalities found in capitalist societies (“Literary Theory”). They find complications in capitalist societies portrayed in works of literature. They look at whom the work benefits, how the lower and working classes are oppressed, how the different classes are represented, and the values that are overthrown (Brizee). This type of lens highlights the corruption of classes in a capitalistic society by looking at each class