Ibsen used numerous literary elements and techniques to enhance his writing and to help characterize the two protagonists. Nora, characterized as a benevolent and strong person, left her husband to explore the beliefs in society and to interpret ideas herself. Unlike Nora, the belligerent, selfish Hedda destroyed the lives of people around her just to take her own life in the end. Even though it appeared that Nora abandoned all responsibility for her children and hid an insidious secret from her husband, Nora showed greater fortitude than Hedda in the way she faced the obstacles of her life. Although it appeared that Nora abandoned her family, society restrictions provided her no other opti... ... middle of paper ... ...endous amount of courage throughout the play.
She does not fear being alone, she is afraid of being without herself. It is also revealed that her society is often against her self-discovering favoring a more traditional female role. In its final scene, The Awakening offers readers a more complex method to obtain freedom, death. Edna’s suicide reveals her final awakening, breaking free from all the pressures that bind her. Edna’s awakenings in Grand Isle and in New Orleans set her up for failure by forcing her to understand her lack of options.
She regretted that she could not realize her friend’s worries and could not save her friend’s life. Because she loved her friend, she became so depressed and grievous. If one of my friends commit suicide, I would blame myself a lot and become so depressed, but I would also blame my friend because the person who commit suicide does not think about how family and friends think about it. It is a very sad thing that lovers commit suicide, and it could cause family or friends into serious emotional and mental problem. Of course, it is nobody’s fault that lovers commit suicide, yet I think most people blame themselves like my friend did by regret that they could not save the lovers’ life.
The relationship she has with each one of these characters influences and initiates a lost feeling that has never risen to its complete capacity. As Edna awakens to this new self she becomes self absorbs and chooses herself-satisfaction over her family. Edna and Leonce’s marriage didn’t start as two star crosses lovers, but more of convenience. Leonce pursued Edna and “fell in love” with her (Kate Chopin 32). Edna wasn’t in love with Leonce, but rather embraced the idea of defying her family.
American author Kate Chopin wrote two published novels and about a hundred short stories in the 1890s Most of her fiction is set in Louisiana and most of her best-known work focuses on the lives of sensitive, intelligent women. Her short stories were well received in her own time and were published by some of America’s most prestigious magazines—Vogue, the Atlantic Monthly, Harper’s Young People, and Century. Her early novel At Fault (1890) had not been much noticed by the public, but The Awakening (1899) was widely condemned. Critics called it morbid, vulgar, and disagreeable (Kate Chopin Biography). Throughout the novel, The Awakening, Chopin establishes the feminist view in the book.
Her mother and grandmother strongly encouraged her to think for herself and pursue her interests. After her graduation from Sacred Heart Academy in 1868, she married Oscar Chopin. Sadly, Oscar Chopin died in 1882 due to malaria leaving Kate in great debt. She started her writing career off by publishing stories in magazines like Vogue, Atlantic Monthly, and Harper’s. Most of Chopin’s stories are centered on women whom were forced to cope with situations such as prostitution, disease, and abuse.
Her acclaim was short lived though, following the publication of The Awakening. "This work, which would eventually be recognized as her masterpiece and a seminal work in American feminist fiction, first proved her most notorious publication and her literary undoing. "(Trosky 103) At the time, Chopin’s novel was considered scandalous and immoral, for it dealt largely with a women’s sexuality. At the time The Awakening was written, a novel would be judged on it’s moral message as much as its artistic merits. After the negative response of critics, Chopin published a few more works, but nothing was well received.
The Awakening While reading the Awakening one gets introduced to the main protagonist, Edna Pontellier a controversial character. The selfish choices that she made throughout the novel allow one to automatically begin to condemn her. Edna clearly understands that society would criticize her as being a deplorable woman, but throughout the novel, she doesn 't view herself as anything less than ample. "One of these days," she said, "I 'm going to pull myself together for a while and think--try to determine what character of a woman I am; for, candidly, I don 't know. By all the codes which I am acquainted with, I am a devilishly wicked specimen of the sex.
Female Rebellion In Aurora Leigh and The Lady in the Looking-Glass Women of both the ages of Victorian and early Modernism were restricted from education at universities or the financial independence of professionalism. In both ages, women writers often rebelled against perceived female expectations as a result of their oppression. To lead a solitary life as a subservient wife and mother was not satisfactory for writers like Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Virginia Woolf. One of the most popular female poets of the Victorian era, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, illustrated "a woman's struggle to achieve artistic and economical independence in modern society" (Longman P.1858). Many Victorian critics were shocked by Barrett Browning's female rebellion, which was rare for the era.
Chopin’s ideology originated from the lessons and wisdom of her great-grandmother who encouraged her to read unconventional concepts: women were capable of obtaining and maintaining a successful career as well as a thriving family and social life. Although The Awakening was widely banned and condemned in national presses, critics cannot deny the underlying theme of sexism and its effect on gender roles. Some critics even suggest there is a distinct correlation between Edna’s character and Chopin herself. According to critics, Kate Chopin encumbers The Awakening with incidents of a single woman's hunger for personal and sexual identity as a mechanism to display Edna Pontellier’s deviations from societal standards. One example of gender criticism Chopin accounts in her writing is the love between the women in the novel which has been suppressed throughout history as “lesbian” encounters in order to uphold male power and privilege (LeBlanc 2).