Historians have debated evidence that the atomic bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were not morally justified. Revisionist historians or advocates of revision, say the atomic bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were unnecessary and not needed. The bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, they say, caused many innocent lives to be lost along with the lives already lost from World War II. The atomic bombings left the victims and survivors with psychological scars (Sawada). The atomic bombs could have been dropped on two of Japan’s less populated cities, but because the atomic bombs were dropped on two of the Japanese’s most populated cities, many lives were lost.
On the morning of August 6th, 1945, 1900 feet above Hiroshima, Japan, one hundred forty pounds of highly enriched uranium-235 collided with itself, triggering the first manmade nuclear explosion ever detonated over a populated city (“Little Boy” 1). Seconds later, the lives of 70,000 men, women and children were extinguished (“The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima” 6). Over the course of the next several years the effects of radiation poisoning would kill an additional one hundred thirty thousand people, making the first atomic bomb, nicknamed “little boy”, the most devastating weapon ever used by mankind - for an astonishingly short four days (“The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima” 6). On the morning of August 9th, 1945, another atomic bomb, more powerful than the first, was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan (“The Atomic Bombing of Nagasaki” 1). Just as “little boy” did in Hiroshima, this bomb, nicknamed “fat man”, decimated the population of Nagasaki.
"HyperWar: USSBS: The Effects of Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki." iBliblio.org. United States Government Printing Office, 1946. Web. 08 Jan. 2014.
In September of 1951, Japan signed the Treaty of San Francisco which officially ended the tensions between itself and the United States. However before then, in August of 1945, the United States built two atomic bombs called Little Boy and Fat Man; but, they did not truly know the horrific and disastrous effects that these weapons were capable of (“The Avalon Project”). On August 6th and 9th 1945, the United States dropped these two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities: Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Little Boy and Fat Man detonated approximately 500-600 feet above the ground and caused a massive impact on Japan that are almost too horrific to describe (“The Avalon Project”). The outcome of the bombing had forced Japan to surrender the war in order to save the rest of their country from more bombings.
In this paper, it will be discussed why the Atomic Bomb is the biggest method of destruction known to man. The paper will be discussing the results of the Atomic Bombs, along with the effects years after the initial explosion. People always wonder how many people actually died in the two Atomic Bombs which were dropped in Japan. This question will be answered, along with the method that citizens were actually killed by the bomb. Besides the initial blast winds that an Atomic Bomb gives off, people may be killed by several other things including heat rays, radiation and the implosion of their home.
Hiroshima: Killing Thousands of People At 8:15 in the morning, on August 6, 1945, the United States dropped the first nuclear weapon ever used in a war. Little Boy was dropped from a B-29 bomber over the Japanese city of Hiroshima1. The blast itself and the radioactive fall out killed around one hundred thousand people and demolished the city. Did the Japanese bring this upon them selves? What was the role of the Japanese civilians in the United States decision to drop the bomb?
There were several alternatives to dropping the bomb. The introduction of this weapon began a nuclear arms race. Some say that the atomic bomb saved lives, yet thousands were killed. President Harry Truman made the wrong decision in dropping the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki because the bombs killed thousands of civilians. When the bomb hit Hiroshima, 350,000 people were exposed (Gup 89).
Less than a month later, atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan (Rosenberg). There are many people who oppose the use of the atomic bombs; though there are some that believe it was a necessity in ending the war. President Truman realized the tragic significance of the atomic bomb and made his decision to use it to shorten the agony of young Americans (“Was the Atomic Bombing”). The president knew of the way the Japanese fought. They fought to the death and they were brutal to prisoners of war.
With the assistance of J. Robert Oppenheimer and lack of public’s knowledge of this so-called monstrous weapon, Truman decided to introduce the atomic bomb which was the key to ending war. However, even fearful weapons such as the atomic bomb have its own consequences. The consequences that Japan suffered from the loss of many innocent citizens, created public controversy in the United States, and tension between countries rose. When the atomic bomb was dropped, the destructive weapon disintegrated and claimed innocent lives in Nagasaki and Hiroshima. On August 6th, 1945 in Hiroshima, around 83,000 people were deceased in an instant and tens of thousands of more died in the following year due to wounds and radiation poisoning.