Temples and Economics in the Archaic and Classical Period

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Temples and Economics in the Archaic and Classical Period During the Archaic and Classical periods in Ancient Greece, the technique and scheme of arts had dramatically developed, and temple buildings became more decorative and more complex. The development of the temple buildings, such as the painting and crafting skills, and the change in construction technique and building materials, indicated an increase of the local economy. Nearly all ancient complex societies built some forms of monumental architecture, for these buildings were not only religiously important, but also served the purpose as a deliberate symbol of power and wealth of the rulers and their poleis. Even though greater amounts of money and attention had been put into these constructions, it is hard to say that these buildings symbolized the concentration of social surplus of any Greek polis. The idea of polis, or city-state, was developed in Greece in the ninth and eighth centuries BCE. A polis can be understood as an autonomous region, an urban centre which has its own political, religious, economic and culture centre (P108, Stokstad). According to Aristotle’s Politics, a polis is the union of several villages (Politics, 125b27). Although it lacks accuracy, we can get the impression that the Greeks consider a polis to be a community. As a community, the Archaic and Classical poleis were primarily a political and a military organisation, a male society from which women and children were excluded, not to speak of foreigners and slaves. Although Childe considered monumental building to be one of the criteria of an urban centre, the monumentalization of the sacred architecture did not occur until sixth century BCE. The Temple of Artemis at Corcyra, dating ... ... middle of paper ... ...167628.pdf?&acceptTC=true&jpdConfirm=true Morris, Ian. Classical Greece: ancient histories and modern archaeologies. Cambridge [England: Cambridge University Press, 1994. Print. Morris, Ian. Economy growth in Ancient Greece. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE) / Zeitschrift für die gesamte Staatswissenschaft. Vol. 160, No. 4 (December 2004), pp. 709-742. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/discover/ 10.2307/40752487?id=364804181&uid=3739432&uid=2134&uid=2&uid=70&uid=3737720&uid=3&uid=22406&uid=67&uid=18764168&uid=62&sid=21103587250827 Symeonoglou, Sarantis. The Doric Temples of Paestum. Journal of Aesthetic Education, Vol. 19, No. 1, Special Issue: Paestum and Classical Culture: Past and Present (Spring, 1985), pp. 49-66. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.library.dal.ca/s table/pdfplus/3332558.pdf?&accept TC=true&jpdConfirm=true

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