Synthetic Oil

650 Words3 Pages
You are living in Saskatoon where the current temperature is -41o C. What happens when you need to suddenly go to the hospital, and your car engine oil is as thick as a jelly which makes it hard for the car to start properly? What’s going to be your first priority changing your petroleum-based engine oil into the Synthetic oil or deciding not to go to the hospital even though you needed it at any cost? Let’s check out below why I mentioned Synthetic Oil as one of your choices. Synthetic Oil: Introduction and Purpose Many years ago, engineers realized that in high heat petroleum-based oils break down and lose their lubricating capabilities. Over time, petroleum–based oils also begin to oxidize and create sludge, leaving damaging residue inside the engines. This problem led Dr. Hermann Zorn (German) to develop Synthetic Oil for high-temperature use in jet aircraft engines. To overcome the breaking down problem of petroleum-based oils, synthetic oil is formulated in laboratory and doesn't contain the naturally occurring chemicals that break down at high temperatures. Furthermore, Synthetic oil is manufactured without many of the chemical compositions that contribute to oil oxidation and sludge buildup. Synthetic oil tolerate the temperatures at which petroleum-based oils would burn up. Synthetic oil is not distilled from crude oil. It is made through a chemical process known as the Fischer-Tropsch process. It goes through many chemical reactions which uses methane, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide as the raw materials. Synthetic oil not only work best in heat but also provide various benefits in extreme cold. Petroleum-based motor oil gets thick in low temperatures as a result it requires the starter and battery to work harder ... ... middle of paper ... ... are known as Inorganic Chemists whereas the people who deal with the usage of Synthetic Oil are known as Physical Chemists, and sometimes aerospace researchers/ aerospace engineers. Future of Synthetic Oil: Synthetic Oil is mainly used in transport engines such as aircraft jet engines, car engines, and military vehicles. As the concern of consumers, governments, and industries is moving to increased efficiency and reduced emissions, especially in the U.S., Europe, and Japan, Synthetic Oil is making its way to meet all the demands. The reasons of its uses in transport engines is mentioned above. Work Cited: "Synthetic Motor Oils." Car Ratings. 09 Jan. 2014 . "Synthetic oil." Wikipedia. 01 Sept. 2014. Wikimedia Foundation. 09 Jan. 2014 .
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