Hicks, Rob, Dr., and Trisha Macnair, Dr. “Meningitis.” BBC. Dec. 2005. 27 July 2006 . “Meningitis.” Emedicinehealth. 10 Aug. 2005.
Rabies. Retrieved July 19, 2006, from http://www.faqs.org/health/Sick-V4/Rabies.html Kids Health. (1995-2006). Infection: Rabies. Retrieved July 24, 2006, from http://www.kidshealth.org/parent/infections/bacterial_viral/rabies.html Kaplan, Colin, et al.
In severe cases of meningitis, limbs or extremities must be amputated due to the appearance of purpura. Viral meningitis, the most common form of the disease, often resolves itself without treatment within a few days. However, bacterial meningitis, somewhat rare in the United States but rampant in West Africa, requires immediate attention in order to prevent fatality. The bacteria that cause meningitis include Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus agalactiae, and Listeria monocytogenes. The severity of the body’... ... middle of paper ... ...ia Britannica Online.
“Plague.” Health Library. 1998-2008. Mayo Clinic. 1 Sept. 2006. www.cnn.com/HEALTH/library/DS/OQ493.html Grey, Michael and Spaeth, Kenneth. “Plague.” The Bioterrorism Sourcebook.
While some countries see the impacts of tuberculosis less than others, the threat of this infectious disease looms across the horizon. Today, this organism affects one third of the population and is one of the most threatening of infectious diseases (NIAID, 2001). The BCG vaccine (Bacillus of Calmette and Guerin), is administrated in many high risk countries to combat the disease. Although scientists have improved the vaccine throughout the nineteenth century and the vaccine helps to combat some tuberculosis, its prevention is still far from perfect. The BCG vaccine is formed from a live strain of Mycobacterium bovis (WHO, 2005).
(2004, November). Streptococcal Infections. Department of Health. July 28, 2005. www.health.state.ny.us/nysdoh/communicable_diseases/en/gas.htm ?Streptococcus Group A Infections.? Excerpt from Streptococcus Group A Infections.
“Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia: Ebola hemorrhagic fever.” Updated Feb. 2, 2004. URL: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001339.htm, accessed on 12/5/05. Waterman, Tara. “Tara’s Ebola Site: Honors Thesis: Stanford University.” Updated March 1, 1999. URL: http://virus.stanford.edu/filo/filo.html, accessed on 12/9/05.
TB can spread to lymph nodes, through the bloodstream and throughout the body. It also affects a variety of animals. Although we think of tuberculosis as a disease that has been ‘cured’, at least in wealthy countries such as the United States, it is, in fact, still a very relevant problem. Even in a country where the majority of the populace does not consider it to be a huge issue, the U.S., “…more than 14,000 cases were reported in 2005” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 5). Also, most people seem to be ignorant of the fact that each year “…tuberculosis kills nearly 2 million people worldwide”(Mayo Clinic 1).
By the end of 1990, AIDS was well known throughout the world and a drug was found to slow down its symptoms. From the 1980’s to present day, doctors expanded their knowledge on this epidemic and hope to treat AIDS patents. In the early 1980’s, A number of gay men in New York and San Francisco suddenly began to develop rare intestinal tract infections and cancers that seemed stubbornly resistant to any treatment. It became obvious that all the men were suffering from a common syndrome later named acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The discovery of HIV, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus that causes AIDS, was made soon after.