Symbolism In Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis

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In Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis, Gregor Samsa wakes up to find himself as a bug. As the novel manifests, Gregor’s world morphs away from his pre-existing human form, slowly dwindling away. As each element of Gregor’s previous life is stripped away, Franz Kafka uses symbols in order to develop Gregor’s progression, until his ultimate end. Franz Kafka utilizes symbols in order to develop Gregor’s progressive states, beginning with Gregor’s life pre-transformation symbol: the photo of Gregor when he was a lieutenant. When Gregor is first transformed into a bug, he finds himself looking around his room as he scrambles to get ready for work. He finds his eyes fixated on a photograph from when he served in the military, and reminisces on his…show more content…
Whilst trying to impress the apathetic lodgers, Grete practiced her violin, which sparked Gregor’s interest, Gregor had long to hear the sound of his sister’s beautiful playing, and he wished to express this adoration, feeling “as if he were being shown the way to the unknown nourishment he longed for” (35). Gregor is made to feel as though he is an animal for the way that Grete’s music stirred him. Evidently, it is this animal-feeling that symbolizes Gregor’s true state of his metamorphosis, now entirely astray from his family and obligations. He is drawn from his lair of a bedroom to watch Grete perform, and because of this, is spotted by the lodgers who refuse to live in a house with such a creature. This resulting outcry led to the family’s decision to get rid of Gregor, led by Grete, who said "I won 't pronounce the name of my brother in front of this monster, and so all I say is: we have to try to get rid of it. We 've done everything humanly possible to take care of it and to put up with it [...] It will be the death of you two, I can see it coming" (????). This demonstrates Gregor’s alienation from his family, as he is blamed for the disintegration of his family, which leads him to his fate as he thinks back lovingly about his family as he takes his final breath. Grete’s violin playing…show more content…
They fire the maid that found his body, and choose to uproot their lives and take a train ride towards their new prospects. “Leaning back comfortably in their seats, they discussed their prospects for the time to come, and it seemed on closer examination that these weren 't bad at all […] Growing quieter and communicating almost unconsciously through glances, [Mr. and Mrs. Samsa] thought that it would soon be time, too, to find [Grete] a good husband. And it was like a confirmation of their new dreams and good intentions when at the end of the ride their daughter got up first and stretched her young body” (????). This scene perfectly portrays the train ride as Gregor’s final progression symbol, because it shows how the Samsa family were able to finally go back to a routine and normal family lifestyle. Mr. and Mrs. Samsa have adopted the idea that Grete is their only child now to fixate their attention on in order for her to marry and propel the family into a positive fate. The train ride symbolizes the hope of prosperity that their newly-formed family presents, projected the family into a optimistic ending with light of a beneficial change. Much like a caterpillar in its crystallization phase, it can be said that Gregor is entering his butterfly phase as an angel, and will continue to watch over his family, as he had done so before the transformation. Gregor once admitted
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