Across the United States and throughout the world there is an epidemic of epic proportion involving drug addiction. Here in North Carolina the majority of the Department of Corrections inmate population is known to have substance abuse problems. (Price, 62) Along with this epidemic is the growing problem of prison overcrowding. There is a correlation between the two. Many of today’s correctional facilities house inmates that have committed drug related crimes or crimes that they committed while under the influence. There is a solution that would help society and lessen the overcrowding of the penal system. The solution is to help those that are committing crimes because of an addiction disorder. There is viable evidence that this solution works such as statistics, causes of addiction and its ability to be treated, and studies that have been done with the focus on recidivism of recovering addicts. There is also the matter of the cost effectiveness of treatment versus incarceration. Of course there are opponents that make valid argument against treatment in lieu of incarceration. The argument against includes the fact that relapse can and often does happen to the addicted individual. In many segments of society providing treatment to stigmatized individuals is frowned upon. To begin discussing the need for treatment of addiction for correctional inmates the first thing that needs to be addressed is what is addiction and why should it be treated. In psychological circles addiction is classified as a brain disease. It is as much as a disease as cancer or asthma. Some opponents say that it is not a disease because a person has the choice to take drugs. The simple answer to that argument is that a person with asthma also has the cho... ... middle of paper ... ...30 Jun 2010. . "Report: Most inmates need treatment, few get it." Alcoholism & Drug Abuse Weekly 22.9 (2010): 4. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 30 June 2010. PLOSCOWE, Morris. "Drug Addiction, Crime, or Disease." Interim and Final Reports of the Joint Committee of the American Bar Association and the American Medical Association on Narcotic Drugs.. Joint Committee of the American Bar Association and the American Medical Association on Narcotic Drugs, n.d. Web. 1 Jul 2010. . Haney, Craig. "Prison Overcrowding: Harmful Consequences and Dysfunctional Reactions." Prison Overcrowding: Harmful Consequences and Dysfunctional Reactions. Prison Commission, n.d. Web. 1 Jul 2010.
Within our society, there is a gleaming stigma against the drug addicted. We have been taught to believe that if someone uses drugs and commits a crime they should be locked away and shunned for their lifetime. Their past continues to haunt them, even if they have changed their old addictive ways. Everyone deserves a second chance at life, so why do we outcast someone who struggles with this horrible disease? Drug addiction and crime can destroy lives and rip apart families. Drug courts give individuals an opportunity to repair the wreckage of their past and mend what was once lost. Throughout this paper, I will demonstrate why drug courts are more beneficial to an addict than lengthy prison sentences.
Once these individuals in rehab serve there sentence the majority of them, won’t look straight to the next opportunity to get high, but the next opportunity for a better future after being encouraged in rehab to accomplish something in life, compared to someone’s attitude coming out of prison. One story involved a man named Richard with his wife Marcia. She was an addict who was often jailed for it, but Anthony believed like many others that “addiction can be overcome with proper help. He believed that the solution was to get her into a mental hospital [and] get her whatever she needs – Xanax, morphine, to get her chemical imbalance right. Show her some respect. (114)” Give her some working skills, so once she gets out she is capable of being successful but instead she kept getting “kicked down the steps” by the criminal justice system. The jailing and torture of addicts is routine to people serving cases for drug related offenses, who are often not built to endure prison, let alone jail. “The Justice Department estimates that 216,000 people are raped in these prisons every year. (This is the number of rapes, not the number of rapes – that is much higher.) (109)” This is ultimately shows the simple fact that many people are not built to endure
There are thousands of people in the United States that are addicted to cocaine and are left untreated. Many of them are at risk of severe health problems. I am conducting this research paper to compare and contrast the differences between the effectiveness of drug courts and cognitive behavioral therapy for cocaine addicts. We know that all people respond differently to therapy than others do, but it is good to be able to find the effectiveness and success rate of cognitive-behavioral therapy, and drug courts overall. But before we jump into the effectiveness of CBT, we need to know what the goal of CBT is and what the process is for CBT. Not only do we need to know the effectiveness and success rates of these two, but we also need to know the differences. We need to know the different paths that they take and how those different paths translate into success. Last but not least, we need to know what the best overall option is for clients. Every client is going to be different, but looking at drug courts and cognitive-behavioral therapy as a whole, figuring out the most successful treatment is the most important question to answer. Drug courts or cognitive-behavioral therapy is going to benefit the individual regardless; any sort of help is better than no help at all. We know that people react differently from these two treatments, but finding the overall best treatment is what we are looking to figure out.
Stickrath, Thomas J., and Gregory A. Bucholtz. "Supermaximum Security Prisons Are Necessary." Supermax Prisons: Beyond the Rock. Lanham, MD: American Correctional Facility, 2003. Rpt. in America's Prisons. Ed. Clare Hanrahan. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2006. Opposing Viewpoints. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 25 Feb. 2014.
The complex issues of dealing with offenders in the criminal justice system has been a point of ongoing controversy, particularly in the arena of sentencing. In one camp there are those who believe offenders should be punished to the full extent of the law, while others advocate a more rehabilitative approach. The balancing act of max punishment for crimes committed, and rehabilitating the offender for reintegration into society has produced varying philosophies. With the emanation of drug-induced crimes over the past few decades, the concept of drug treatment courts has emerged. The premise of these courts is to offer a “treatment based alternative to prison,” which consist of intensive treatment services, random drug testing, incentives
The first step in ending the issue of drug use and abuse in our country is to cure the drug users from their addiction in a safe, controlled manner. As confirmed in an article from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, “Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by compulsive, or uncontrollable, drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences and changes in the brain, which can be long lasting.” (“Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction”) The addiction of drugs is an actual disease, and cannot be brushed off as something that can be stopped at any point in time. Drug addiction is just as serious as any other diagnosed disease and must be cured accordingly. Prison will not benefit those addicted to drugs because it is a disease that must be treated, just as any other illness is. In an attempt to end an addiction without help in a safe environment, dangerous consequences could result.
Drug violators are a major cause of extreme overcrowding in US prisons. In 1992, 59,000 inmates were added to make a record setting 833,600 inmates nationwide (Rosenthal 1996). A high percentage of these prisoners were serving time because of drug related incid...
There are individuals who oppose the use of drug courts. These people argue that by letting drug offenders avoid incarceration the justice system is doing nothing more than giving offenders an easier punishment for their crimes. Some people feel that over the long term treatment will cost more than sending the offender to prison to pay their debt to society. There are those that feel that treatment not wa...
Evaluative investigations are essential to long-term progress. The politicians and treatment authorities who must fight to get support for these programs are discouraged by the interruption in availability of hard data. The absence of steady research money, together with concessions in technique and program budgets motivated by events beyond the device of treatment providers and supervisors, has left the field even more behind than reason proposes it should be in developing influences for adequate treatment. Drug abuse management must be approached in a methodical and steady way. The effectiveness of the programs must be established and cultured, with an emphasis on the evaluation of needs, and acceptable aftercare programming. The aftercare cannot be only a good purpose it should also include a good strategy that should include an active obligation between the parole and the parole system. Furthermore, aftercare programming must be a proactive behavior by the parole and entail more than just a referral testing of the urine. The range of obtainable models also must be extended to contain connections with current drug abuse treatment assets outside of the prison. Links to public treatment programs will offer a foundation for guaranteeing the continuity of care is conceptual as well as progressive. Assessment is essential also, resources should be made obtainable to the parole. I believe that this is a policy
When prospecting over the options for whether to incarcerate a drug addict or send them to a rehab center, the clear choice is to send them to the more resourceful and better-equipped facility, rehabilitation. Families witness the negative effects of drug abuse and can even fall victim to the consequences their loved one endures, but out of humans’ emotions like compassion and sympathy, relatives only want to see their family back to normal. Even though the use of several drugs is illegal in the United States, the developmental problems which incur after abuse for an extended period of time designate that the success of rehabilitation is much better than for an addict to serve jail-time.