“The Relationship Between Parental Involvement During High School and Collegiate Academic Mastery.” Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research 17.3 (2012): 99-105. EBSCOhost. Web. 3 March 2014. Hoover-Dempsey, Kathleen V., et al.
In order to make this transition easier, programs such as “blocking, shadowing, or buddies” need to be implemented the year preceding middle school and continue through the first year of transition. The transition from elementary to middle school is a major event in the lives of students and parents. Most students will experience some emotional turmoil and social adjustment due to unfamiliar students, school staff, multiple sets of behavioral and classroom rules and expectations (Akos, 2002). The results of the middle school years affect young people through adolescence and adulthood (Greene, & Ollendick, 1993). Several studies have reported that this transition is the reason for declines in academic achievement, self-esteem, and interest in school (Kingery, Erdley, 2007).
8 February, 2011. http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/hss_hine_aaodyssey_4/instructor_resources/primary_source_documents/chapter02/2_4.pdf Sprigs, Elizabeth. “Letter to Her Father” 2011. MyHistoryLab. Pearson Education, Inc. 1995-2011. 8 February, 2011. http://wpscms.pearsoncmg.com/long_longman_mhlus_0/0,11867,3124639-content,00.html Bennett, Edward.
. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Planning and Evaluation Service. The National Middle School Association (2006). Parent Involvement. Retrieved from http://www.nmsa.org/Research/ResearchSummaries/ParentInvolvement/tabid/274/Defaul t.aspx The National Center of Educational Statistics (2007).