Structural Functionalism: Major Features And Features Of Structural Functionalism

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Structural functionalism has several major features and criticisms. The major features are social processes, the AGIL scheme, norms and values and the voluntaristic theory. Talcott Parsons received quite a lot of criticism over his ideas. The criticisms I will discuss are conflict theory, feminist criticism, Marxist criticism, rational actor approaches and neo-functionalism. Structural functionalism views society as a complicated system with areas that collectively encourage unity and stability (Macionis, and Gerber, 2010). Eighteenth-century French philosophers were interested in the possibility of a society that would function according to values of rationality and enlightenment. These thinkers were also concerned with what would take the place of religious faith and practice in a rational-secular society (Robertson, 2005). Parsons was working toward a social system which could account for the competing interests in society and how these interests could be equal and maintained across the whole of society, in different areas and levels of that society including cultures and personalities, where human behavior, individually and communally, could be contained within a normative order (Kelly, 2004). Society is a system of social structures made up of economic, legal, educational systems, and groups…show more content…
Goods and services must be made and delivered, and in order for people to survive, there must be some form of a justice system, a political system, and some family structure, which must operate to provide a reason to have children and maintain social life on a daily basis. In the structural- functional model, individuals carry out these tasks in different institutions and roles that are consistent with the structures and norms of society. Because the shared values and norms, family structures, and the means for accomplishing ends are useful for the operation of society (Kalu,
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