Orwell uses the life of the main character, Dorothy Hare, to display social injustices. He was particularly critical of the often very minimal distinctions between different religious denominations in England (Means 55). Additionally, Orwell used the novel to illustrate the negative influence of money on the working class and the education system. Dorothy is treated similarly to a slave by her father, forced into a life of performing chores and menial labor for her father with little return for herself (Orwell A Clergyman’s Daughter 3). Orwell uses Dorothy as an example of the exploitation of the working class in England, which at the time was forced to do strenuous work for minimal pay, the root of much of the poverty in England.
How does Charles Dickens expose Victorian society's awful treatment of the poor? In my essay I am going to talk about the way Charles Dickens uses Oliver Twist to expose the maltreatment of the poor, by analysing the text. In the early 19th century the industrial revolution started (the building of lots of factories and mills) which drew many countryside paupers into the towns. They hoped for a better life and job, but this was seldom the case because conditions were bad and wages were a pittance even if they were lucky enough to be employed. The owners of the factories got very rich and the workers were extremely poor.
The Ewells for many generations have lived off of the County Welfare; they take anything they can get without paying back the community unlike the Cunninghams whose moral code is not to take anything without being able to pay it back. The Ewells see themselves as victims of the community but instead the Cunninghams see themselves as a part of the community that they want to contribute too. The Cunninghams "are country folks, farmers, the crash hit them hardest" (Lee 27). They live very poorly but in Atticus' opinion "professional people were poor because the farmers were poor." (Lee 27) and they were considered as professional people.
Thus, migrant farmers found at their great surprise a city in which competition, insincerity, lack of consideration for others and excessive quest for material comfort are the main behaviors. In other words, an intense individualism resulting from an extreme greediness was the source of all evils that American society had endured during the thirties. In fact, Steinbeck shows how the American materialism is so terrible in our country, we're used to being considered as a reference. This extreme materialism makes people heartless because rich landowners exploit small farmers. Thus, farmers are paid so lowly wages that they can survive and keep on working for wealthy property-owners.
The constant bad luck that happens to Jurgis is later connected to the faults of capitalism and how corrupt it is for the working class in this society. Soon Jurgis could not support his family on his own and eventually the entire family needs to get a job to pay for their costs. Sinclair builds sympathy for Jurgis and his family throughout the beginning of the novel but also depicts the poverty of the working class and how they are equally struggling to make a living. Sinclair emphasizes the unfairness of capitalism within the struggles of the working class which helps bring most of the attention to the laborious lives th... ... middle of paper ... ... novel. Since scamming is the only way to survive in Jurgis’ world, then it will be done to the vulnerable immigrant families that can not have a say in anything.
For the duration of the novel, Pip pursues wealth and when he finally attains it he finds it’s useless as he sees its source as ‘tainted’, his wealth is acquired through Magwich. Greed is a significant factor. During the novel, there are a lot of links comparing rich and poor, and we get representatives from both sides. Miss Havisham is rich, but lives a life of disorder, disappointment and dirt. In contrast to this, Joe is relatively poor but is incredibly comfortable and content with his life, however, his wife Mrs. Joe is desires more.
“Great Expectations”, perhaps one of Charles Dickens most well renowned and regarded works, illustrates a very biased social class structure throughout the confines of the story. There are the poor, who have nothing but what they earn, “barely enough to survive” by working hard labor jobs for the majority of their life. Then there are the middle class or the “Gentlemen” who do not want but rather, have decent income and are sustained in their desires. As in modern day society, the transcendence from poor “working class” to one of a higher class is usually accompanied by the amount of wealth which one has procured. But was this social class concept what Dickens was trying to illustrate via his lifetime period?
Whilst on the other hand, young Charles Dickens experienced poverty first hand, with his family in debt, his father ended up in a Debtors prison unable to pay the debt. At the tender age of twelve ... ... middle of paper ... ... and his associates, the working environment and the social implications of the working class had a huge effect on the everyday lifes of the working classes; which are seen via these two texts by Elizabeth Gaskell’s Mary Barton and Charles Dicken’s Bleak House showed that a darker side still existed despite all the prosperity within England. That a major amount of reforms had to be endured by the likes of Frederick Engels to help improve working conditions and the living conditions for the Working Class to going forward, but sadly it didn’t come soon enough for many people who died because of substandard living conditions, ill health resulting from various fevers that did the rounds, lack of sanitation. But these issues did not just exist in London or Manchester alone, these problems and issues knew no boundaries, as they reached the length and breath of England.
Looking in a low wage worker’s perspective, they see a world where people assume they are substance abuser, because their lives seem miserable, however in the wrong way. Ehrenreich claims that low-wage workers spend their money wisely especially on rent and food. She shows a low-wagers real struggle as they try to find a home: “the big pr... ... middle of paper ... ...ful for creating a negative label on the working poor. Since no one will accept low wage workers in society, they only think of them as the ‘outcasts. Ehrenreich lastly states, “guilt doesn’t go anywhere far enough; the appropriate emotion is shame- shame at our dependency, in this case, on the underpaid labor of others” (221).
Programs like the Public Works Administration, Civil Works Administration, and the Agricultural Adjustment Act helped to provide jobs for those that were left jobless during the early years of the depression. As helpful as these organizations were they also created controversy. People who were aided by these institutions, like Jane Yoder’s father, were seen by the wealthier people as “lazy people, the shovel leaners” . Those who had kept their jobs through the depression degraded the people who received the government’s aid for work. Among the wealthy people who kept their jobs was Martin DeVries.