Schizophrenia Essay

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Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder which causes people with this disorder to misinterpret reality. It is one of the top ten causes of long-term disability. Schizophrenia patients may hear voices that may not be there, they will believe that people are out to harm them, reading their minds, and controlling their thoughts. Because they have these feelings a person can become withdrawn and paranoid. The name schizophrenia leads us to believe that the illness causes a person to have a split personality. This was the old way of thinking about the illness, but it is not the case today. Although the causes of schizophrenia are still not determined data suggest that environmental, social, and genetic factors can play a part in developing the illness. People with schizophrenia develop this illness around the ages 16 and 30 years old. The illness does not develop quickly. Onset is gradual and subtle and usually takes places over a course of five years.
People begin to experience three broad symptoms which are negative symptoms, cognitive impairment, and then followed by psychotic symptoms. A person with schizophrenia may experience is negative symptoms. These are deficit states in which emotional and behavioral processes are reduced or not present. People with negative symptoms may be diagnosed with depression or other conditions because the symptoms are hard to recognize as part of schizophrenia. Symptoms may include anhedonia, flat affect, apathy, and alogia. Flat affect is when a person’s face doesn’t move or they talk in a dull voice. People with these symptoms may also lack the motivation to begin or maintain planned activities and lack the ability to feel pleasure. This person will also need assistance with everyday tasks such a...

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...tion. Studies show that there is a link between health status and family relationships and its influence to the weakness, adjustment, and recovery of a schizophrenia patient. Social factors such as social deprivation, poverty, ethnicity and immigration have been linked to causing schizophrenia. Research done in the 1980s and 1990s stated that there were high rates of schizophrenia in the Afro-Caribbean community in Britain. This signifies a link between the illness and ethnicity. However, studies done recently have showed that a high level of schizophrenia in immigrant populations. This signifies the factor is migration rather than ethnicity.
Schizophrenia is a life-long illness that requires a person and their family to really care for them. Many advances have been made in treatment and many patients can now live satisfying and significant life in the community.

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