Roosevelt often took a more aggressive approach to domestic policy in that he would go against the Old Guard Republicans, whereas Wilson was one to speak directly in front of congress in order to gain their support. Roosevelt became president towards the beginning of the progressive movement, and so he had a harder time trying make reforms than Wilson did. Also, by telling the public that he was only going to run one term, his chances of running for a second term was greatly diminished, which is one of the reasons why Wilson came ahead in the election of 1912. Roosevelt promoted New Nationalism, while Wilson promoted New Freedom. They were very popular presidents in the eyes of the American people.
With this context in mind, Nixon was elected on the basis of his promise to end American involvement with said war. Nevertheless, shortly after assuming his position in office, it became clear that a dignified withdrawal would be no small feat. Even though Nixon had promised to “stop that war fast,” American troops were drawn further and further into the conflict. As the war dragged on, an increasingly disapproving public created massive pressure on the government. Facilitated by his panic to uphold his reputation, Nixon initiated a series of bombings in Cambodia without approval from the U.S. Congress.
A president's personal character, his approach to the position and circumstances during his term all contribute to presidential behavior. Presidents have approached the office from two vague positions. They have believed, to varying degrees, that either the president has a strong leadership position and broad powers to direct the nation in one direction, or that the president has very limited powers dictated by the Constitution and should act like a chief administrator for the Federal Government. These beliefs were reflected in their behavior while in the White House. Franklin Roosevelt believed that the Federal Government had an obligation and interest in bringing the nation out of the depression.
National Security The antecedents of Watergate were steps taken by Nixon from 1969 to 1971 allegedly in the cause of national security. To uncover the sources of leaked news about such matters as the bombing of Cambodia, Nixon authorized, without court approval, the wiretapping of the phones of government officials and newspapermen. But some of the men whose phones were wiretapped had no involvement with security matters, and taps on two men continued after they had joined the staff of Sen. Edmund Muskie (D-Me. ), who was seeking the Democratic presidential nomination. In 1971, Nixon approved an intelligence operation that contemplated burglaries and the opening of mail to detect security leaks.
The absolute certainty that Nixon would be reelected fueled the lies and abuse of power by the Nixon government (Emery 195). As the outlook of landslide winnings took over the White House, the moral reasoning, “the end justifies the means” became more prevalent. Nixon was obsessed with winning and being successful. Under his command his staff did whatever possible to ... ... middle of paper ... ...ust in their government. Over time, unchecked political power proved to take victims in the masses.
The opposing argument believes that Richard Nixon made a turning point in history that allowed the people to turn against the government. Nobody can trust a government where the president himself does something against the law. When Nixon was inaugurated he took a sworn oath to protect the people and the country. He lied to his people. He states, “The major problem on the Watergate is simply to clean the thing up by having whoever was responsible admit what happened.
However, Nixon fought back stating that it was executive privilege. Reluctantly, Nixon eventually released the tapes, but with major gaps in them. On November 17,1973, Richard Nixon stated that the nation needed to move forward and said, “I’m not a crook.” However, it was becoming apparent to the American people that Richard Nixon was involved with Watergate and deliberately destroyed evidence.
Nixon wanted to prevent news articles from being published about the papers and their conclusions for reasons of “national security”. He is quoted as saying, “Do whatever has to be done to stop these leaks.” In response, John Erlichmann created the White House “plumbers”, a group of former CIA and FBI agents whose goal was to discredit Ellsberg. They attempted to break into his psychiatrist’s office in Los Angeles to obtain his records. The same group was arrested in 1972 at the Watergate Hotel in Washington, D.C. for planning another burglary, this time of the Democratic National Committee headquarters. One of these men, G. Gordon Liddy, was part of the Committee to Re-Elect the President (CREEP).
INTRODUCTION It is widely accepted that George Bush Snr. was forced to play out his presidency in the mighty shadow of Ronald Reagan. Reagan's charm and personality was one of his greatest strengths and, even now, is widely revered for his time as President. Bush was reportedly always conscious of people's expectations of him in view of his predecessor and this burden seemed to weigh heavily. Reagan's achievements in Washington were considerable, if not in number then in impact.
14. Constitutional Question: Does the separation of powers provide the President with an absolute power to withhold information from the other branches? Background Information: After the Watergate Scandal, a man by the name of Leon Jaworski who was in charge of conducting the investigation obtained a subpoena which ordered Nixon to give up tapes and papers related to the meetings. Nixon asserted that he had an absolute executive privilege to protect communications and only released some of them which were edited. He was finally asked by the Supreme Court to release them in its entirety.