In their loyalty, a warrior must be prepared to die fighting for their king. In their vengeance, a warrior be ... ... middle of paper ... ...ng three central instances of feuding: Grendel against man, man against man, and man against dragon. However, it is not the monsters, but ultimately the desire for vengeance and consequent feuding between tribes that lead to the demise of these great heroes and kings in Beowulf’s time . Beowulf exemplifies that vengeance is a monstrous appetite, forever bloodthirsty and never filled, where nothing can be born but sorrow – manifested in the last words of the poem to conclude the fate of Beowulf’s people. In this Anglo-Saxon society where the pillar of these kings and warriors is the memory of their defeated valor based on the Comitatos -- there was no other recourse or end.
Beowulf advocates and promises to avenge Aeschere’s death during warfare with the slayer, Grendel’s mother. The act of battle is given a reason and purpose which is to avenge a death. Conduct in warfare might be "every man for himself" in today’s world however, during Beowulf’s time, the poet shows that honor was the most valuable asset. Upon knowledge that Grendel used no weapons, just bare flesh, Beowulf immediately put his weapons aside and promised to fight empty handed, so the fight would be fair. "I have also heard say that the monster in his recklessness cares not for weapons......I scorn to bear sword or broad shield, yellow wood, to the battle, but with my grasp I shall grapple with the enemy and fight for life, foe against foe " (Norton 32).
In the end evil lost, Grendel was killed and Beowulf was a hero. Beowulf mortally wounded Grendel cutting his arm off and letting it hang. But another evil lurked in the shadows seeking revenge. It was Grendel 's mother who was much more evil than her son, Grendel. So Beowulf, still feeling triumphant about killing Grendel, set off for Grendel 's mother.
Hagen’s dark act ultimately caused Kriemhild to seek revenge and execute him. In contrast, Njal had a loyal and close friendship with ... ... middle of paper ... ...Hagen committed a disgraceful murder and perished in a way unbecoming of knight: at the hands of a woman. In contrast, Njal’s death was a sacrifice, for the good of others. He welcomed his death and surrendered his family in order to prevent an endless civil war in Iceland. Njal went against Icelandic custom of avenging one’s kin.
Unlike Grendel, who was merely a bitter monster who could not partake in the mead hall’s festivities, Grendel’s mother has more of a motive to kill; she merely wants to avenge her son’s death. In the same way that Hrothgar and Beowulf avenged the deaths of the poor civilians that Grendel had killed, Grendel’s mother tries to obtain due justice for her son. This is certainly not uncommon for literature of this time, and it puts Grendel’s mother and Beowulf on more of an even playing field when it comes time for them to duel. Unlike in his battle with Grendel, Beowulf struggles when battling Grendel’s mother. While “the strongest of warriors [Beowulf] stumbled and fell” when in altercation with Grendel’s mother, there is no sign of true struggle from his battle with Grendel.
The other alternative is to pay for the crime committed which is called a wergild. Once again the Danes are made uneasy because another monster is at large, and Beowulf agrees to put an end to her. Although Beowulf seems to respect the action that Grendel’s mother has taken by saying, “It is better for a man to avenge his friend than much mourn” (Donaldson p.25), nonetheless, he has to kill Grendel’s mother because he has a duty to protect the Danes. Beowulf is not afraid of fighting Grendel’s mother because glory comes before death and to him that is best for a warrior: “let him who may get glory before death; that is best for the warrior after he has gone from life” (Donaldson p.
Beowulf fought the dragon with no weapon in order to prove his great strength even without a weapon. The Danes greatly rejoiced in Beowulf's great show of power and ability by killing Grendal. Grendal's mother however, determined to extract revenge for Grendal's death. She killed one of the Danes, Aeschere, the King's most trusted adviser, and then went back to her swamp. When the Danes mourn the death Beowulf says to the King, "Wise sir, do not grieve.
Another way that an Anglo-Saxon warrior shows their love of glory is shown br Christopher Garcia: “A hero must be willing to die to achieve glory” (The Anglo-Saxon Hero). With this being said the warriors are to put everything on the line to achieve the ultimate amount of glory. Which is to die for one’s country or kingdom. These are just a few out of many ways Beowulf shows the Anglo-Saxon love of glory. Another trait of the Anglo-Saxon culture is loyalty to a leader.
Instead of Beowulf fighting pure evil, he is simply in war with revenge. Grendel’s mother is just mourning the death of her brute of a son when she decides to kill the one who took her son. She symbolizes revenge as it is the only thing that is fueling her lust to kill. Throughout the poem, Beowulf at one point explains how revenge is the best answer rather than choosing to grieve, but in this case, Grendel’s mother is too corrupted to cause revenge and Beowulf knows he must put down the beast at once. The last beast Beowulf goes against is the dark dragon.
The action of inflicting harm on someone for a wrong suffered at their hands is known as revenge. Revenge is a natural human instinct and it can be displayed in many different ways. People want to get back at others who have wronged them, this either happens quickly or it becomes a long process. In the epic poem Beowulf, revenge is taken when Grendel and Grendel’s mother attack the Herot and when Beowulf kills Grendel’s mother and the dragon; this is also prevalent in today’s society when opposing gang members kill each other, when people are oppressed by their government, and when a country or group retaliates to attacks. Revenge serves as a motivating factor for several characters throughout the epic poem Beowulf, beginning with Grendel.