Drug policies stemming from the War on Drugs are to blame, more specifically, the mandatory minimum sentencing mandates on petty drug charges that have imprisoned millions of non-violent offenders in the last three decades. Since this declaration of war, the percentage of drug arrests that result in prison sentences (rather than probation, dismissal, or community service) has quadrupled, resulting in an unprecedented prison-building boom (Wyler, 2014). There are three main reasons mandatory minimum sentencing laws must be reformed: (1) They impose unduly harsh punishments on relatively low level offenders, leading to the mass incarceration epidemic. (2) They have proven to be cost ineffective fiscally and in crime and drug use reduction. (3) They perpetuate a racially segregated criminal justice system that destroys communities and discourages trust
A 1998 study by the Little Hoover commission proved that prison education program in Florida, Illinois, Alabama and New York decreased repeat offense rates and raised employment. I believe that prison education is important because the majority of these juveniles imprisoned never got the chance to experience a quality education in the first place. I also believe that without a quality education a juvenile is more likely going to make the wrong decisions in hi... ... middle of paper ... ...ds are easily influenced by the drugs and violence and usually begin to engage in the two. Most juveniles become addicted to the lifestyle of ignorance and unawareness and become prime candidates for imprisonment. I believe that positive environments and role models are significant factors when dealing with the out come of an individual, and most of these juveniles who are incarcerated in the Plainfield Juvenile Correctional Facility lack them both.
No longer can people make money on the punishment of others. Privatized jails results in the inhumane treatment and torture of millions of Americans (who are mostly juveniles.) By eliminating privatized jails, we would not only end the horrid treatment of thousands of prisoners but we would also be setting a standard of all American prisons. Standards such as free healthcare for both physical and psychiatric problems would implemented to all american prisons. These new standards would allow convicts not only basic human rights that they are currently being denied, but also drastically decrease the US’s high recidivism rate as convicts would have the proper tools to function in
As I have said, over 50 percent of the 2.3 million people in prison are there for drug related charges. b. Some people have the mindset that since people broke the law by using illegal substances, they should automatically be put in prison, but I disagree to an extent. i. People who are in prison strictly because of drug use should be given the chance to get better instead of being incarcerated.
Some of these crimes such as fraud, gambling, and bribery can really upset the flow of politics and the economy. But the difference is that drug and alcohol crime make up a majority of federal prison inmates, and it’s something that would be treated better with rehabilitation than incarceration. As of January 2014 50.1% of inmates in federal prison are there for drug offenses (a non-violent crime). Over 3200 of these people in are serving life sentences without parole. 83.4 percent of these people received the punishment that was mandatory under sentencing laws.
In order to reduce mass incarceration, the government must stop targeting and focusing on punishing the consumers of drugs. In 2005, four out of five drug arrests were for mere possession, and the vast majority of those offenders had no history of violence (Alexander). Targeting consumers of drugs is completely detrimental to the War on Drugs. You aren’t removing the problem by getting rid of the consumers. Instead you are putting a lot of people who have never committed a violent crime into a system surrounded by hardened criminals who truly deserve to be away from society and in prison.
While an alternative approach to the controversy attempts to bring the opposing sides together. Some people believe that building more prisons will solve the problem of prison overcrowding. Today's prisons are so full that "only one criminal is jailed for every one hundred violent crimes committed" ("Punishment"). Over half of America's currently convicted felons are not even sentenced to prison, partly because judges know that the prisons are full. The problem of prison overcrowding forces most violent prisoners to serve less than half their sentence ("Punishment").
The U.S should lower the maximum sentence for drug-related crimes, because according to www.drugwarfacts.org, “On Dec. 31, 2012, there were 196,574 sentenced prisoners under federal jurisdiction. Of these 99,426 were serving time for drug offenses.” That means that half the people in prison in 2012, were there because of drug offenses, and a good way to make that number lower is to lower the maximum sentence for drug-related crimes. That is the first reason why the U.S imprisonment is too high. The second reason why the U.S imprisonment is too high, because of lack of prisoner's resources. Often times a person, might burgle someone, why, because they are a 12th grade dropout, who barely has enough enough money to get by.
In 2007 juvenile courts handled about 4,600 delinquency cases per day. The trends in juvenile court cases paralleled the decline in arrests of persons under 18. In 1996 more than... ... middle of paper ... ... of improving themselves rather than rotting in jail for years to come. All in all we believe that rehabilitation is by far the best choice for a child who wronged in past but wants forgiveness and a fresh start. In conclusion incarcerating mere children in prison makes them vulnerable to deadly things such as the staff, inmates, and mental/physical weakness.
Over 50% of inmates return to prison and contribute to the severe problem that is prison overpopulation. One of the best ways to combat recidivism is rehabilitation. James Gilligan, a clinical psychologist researched the effects of rehabilitation in prisons. He states that prisons are designed to restrain to prisoners and not punish them like most prisons in America do. When you punish prisoners you make them more violent than before, and the prison doesn’t do its job to change their behavior and reintroduce them into society as new people.