Th... ... middle of paper ... ...urnal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32(2), 174-185. doi: 10.1177/0022022101032002005 Silberg, J. L., Maes, H., & Eaves, L. J. (2012). Unraveling the effect of genes and environment in the transmission of parental antisocial behavior to children's conduct disturbance, depression and hyperactivity. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53(6), 668-677. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02494.x Smith, C. A., & Farrington, D. P. (2004). Continuities in antisocial behavior and parenting across three generations.
Peer Rejection And Social Information-Processing Factors In The Development Of Aggressive Behavior Problems In Children. Child Development, 74, 374-393. Rose, A. J., & Cillessen, A. (). Understanding Popularity In The Peer System.
Introduction Families serve as one of the strongest socializing forces in a person's life. They help teach children to control unacceptable behavior, to delay gratification, and to respect the rights of others. Conversely, families can also teach children aggressive, antisocial, and violent behavior. In adults' lives, family responsibilities may provide an important stabilizing force. Given these possibilities, family life may directly contribute to the development of delinquent and criminal tendencies.
Elaborating on the definition of negative emotional expressions, Schwartz et al. (2012) differentiated between submissive (unhappy) and dominant (combative) expressions because they are conveyed differently and; therefore, could predict distinctive symptomatology. It is essential to gain insight into the development of these symptoms in adolescence because raised levels of internalizing symptoms over time have been found to substantially increase the possibility of developing depression and anxiety disorders (Klein, Shankman, Lewinsohn, & Seeley, 2009; Pine, Cohen, Cohen, & Brook, 1999). Aggression is thought to induce fear and compliance in others (Keltner & Kring, 1998). Therefore, extended exposure to aggression from the parent can produce anxiety and/or depression symptoms in adolescence (Rodriguez, 2003).
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