Political Organizations of Ancient India

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Ancient India was known for its maharajas, maharanis, rajputs and the beautiful palaces created by the rajas. The credit is given to the political empires and the rajas for the formation of India. They are the ones who have created India. Whereas many empires were short-lived, others ruled for years and played a big role in the formation of India’s political system. Empires such as the Magadha, Mauryan, Shakas, Indo-Greeks, Kushanas, and the Gupta ruled during the ancient times of India.

The Magadha was an ancient kingdom of India, which is present day Bihar. Between the 6th century BCE and the 8th century CE, Magadha was the nucleus of several larger kingdoms or empires (Magadha). Many small kingdoms in India would naturally start by formation of small groups within a larger group.

Chandra Gupta Maurya founded the Magadha kingdom. Followed by the Magadha, the first major empire in the history of India was founded by Chandragupta, the Mauryan Empire (Mauryan Rulers). Chandragupta founded the empire by overthrowing the Nanda dynasty with the help of Chanakya, also known as Kautilya (Mauryan Rulers). Chandragupta conquered parts of central India and united northern India under the Mauryan rule (Mauryan Rulers). The Mauryan Empire was divided into administrative districts, each of which had a hierarchy of officials (Mauryan Rulers). The foundation of the centralized administration of Mauryan governance was laid by the arthashastra. The arthashastra was an Indian treatise on economics and politics written by “kingmaker” Chanakya (Kulke, Dietmar, 36). Kautalya was the advisor to Chandragupta. Kautalya represented a situation in which several small rival kingdoms would have a chance of gaining supremacy over the others if the respe...

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...form into a country, a very historic and important period. During this period the decimal system of notation, great Sanskrit epics, Hindu art, and contribution to the sciences of astronomy and mathematics (Kulke, Dietmar, 59).

Ancient India’s political organizations can be known as a galactic polity. All the individuals, including the kings and everyone made up the empires. Groups that are interconnected through a relationship surrounded the empires. Each empire came from a region in Asia and ruled parts of India and eventually all the empires began to rule the same region. The main reason of the arthashastra was to give the king an idea on how to improve the powers given and weaken the powers of the enemy before an open confrontation took place (Kulke, Dietmar, 37). Without the empires and the maharajas, today there would not be a political system in India.

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