Overfishing: One of the Major Problems that We Face in our Oceans Today

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1. The increase in catch by fisherman due to better technology and more fisherman has led to overfishing, which greatly reduces the populations the worlds fish. We know 31.7 percent of the worlds fish stocks and of the fish populations that are known 30.6 percent are experiencing overfishing or are already overfished. 2. Ocean fisheries increased their global wild fish catch by 500 percent between the years 1950 and 1997. In 2000, fisheries met their highest amount of fish caught, peaking at 96 million tons. Fisheries did not fall during the years 2000 to 2006 because of outdated technology and the choice to fish less, but rather because the fish population has been exhausted due to overfishing. Fisheries have become so productive at fishing with new technologies that the population of fish cannot reproduce fast enough to meet our needs. Industrialized fishing moves at a rapid rate and can typically exhaust a population of large fish by 80 percent within 15 years. The past years that have contributed to overfishing has left approximately 10 percent of large fish and ground fish in the ocean. The National Marine Fisheries Service believes that if we stop giving subsidies to fisher, their boats and their gear, we could generate $8 billion in revenue. With better management of United States fish stocks 300,000 jobs could be created. 3. The overfishing in oceans is often done in ways of selective fishing. The issue of supply vs. demand in ocean populations is quickly dwindling and when there is little supply people are willing to pay more for specialized fish. Except in this case "specialized" often means endangered. The more rare a fish is, the higher the selling price. Instead of conserving an endangered species, fisheries dri... ... middle of paper ... ...fornia, Oregon and Washington put together over the past 20 years. Tilapia is another environmentally sound source of fish. The Tilapia that I consume is Farmed in tank systems in Canada. Tilapia is produced in over 100 nations and is the most farmed fish. Farmed inland, Tilapia has very little negative impact on the environment. Tilapia relies on fishmeal and fish oil for nutrition, but most U.S. tilapia farms use crop-derived ingredients to minimize the effects on other fish. 12. The "Super Green List" is a catalog that Monterey Bay Aquarium produced to help people know what seafood is caught and farmed conscientiously. The list contains choices that have low levels of mercury and have healthy omega-3 fatty acids. If I were to choose from the "Best of the Best" list, I would choose the wild-caught Alaskan Salmon because I know that it is environmentally friendly.

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