Old Testament vs. Hellenic Divine Intervention The Old Testament and Hellenic texts we have studied have numerous examples of divine intervention. The range and complexity in human affairs that these interventions occur have similar, yet different attributes. Both texts describe divine intervention as a way of explaining "why things happen(ed) and being "chosen" by God or gods to fulfill a destiny. Both also see divine intervention as something that can not be understood by humans; God or the gods have their reasons why people are "chosen" and why certain gifts, events, and catastrophes happen and we will never understand the reasoning. Differences in the texts stem from the reasons they are the same; why certain people are chosen, why events happen, etc. The range and complexity in human affairs of divine intervention as described in the Hellenic texts and the Old Testament are similar because of the interference in human affairs, yet they are different because of why certain people are chosen to fulfill a destiny. For instance, in the Old Testament, God chooses Noah and his family to be the only survivors after the flood that wipes out the earth. His destiny was to build the ark and take a pair of every living creature to help repopulate the earth after everything is wiped out. This is similar to Oedipus at Colonus, in the Hellenic texts, because the gods choose Oedipus to save the city of Colonus from his own sons. They differ because God, in the Old Testament, chooses rather blindly. He does not choose people for any reason except that is who He wanted. If He does choose, it is based on goodness or loyalty to Him. The gods of Hellenic texts, like in Oedipus at Colonus, the gods choose Oedipus because of his wisdom and his family line. The Hellenic texts choose based on prestige, family, and honor. Another example of this is the story "Joseph" in the Old Testament. Joseph was chosen to be a powerful ruler in Egypt for no reason whatsoever, just because God wanted him to be. In The Illiad, this would never happen, Achilles is chosen to defeat Hector because of his prestige, honor, and family line. Achilles is not chosen because Zeus just wanted him to. Not just anybody could have killed Hector, it had to be someone famous. In the Old Testament, divine intervention, especially in "Genesis," plays a very important part. For example, in "The Creation of the Universe," God wills everything into being. "God said, ‘Let there be light,'" (Genesis 1:5) "Then God said, ‘Let the earth produce growing things,'" (Genesis 1:11)
Webster, Michael. “Greek History and the Gods.” Grand Valley State University. Web. 15 Dec. 2009 .
In the tale The Odyssey, Odysseus, the epic hero, is trying to return to Ithaca from the Trojan War. Odysseus, the son of Laertes and Anticlea, is the King of Ithaca (Hionides). Throughout his journey, Poseidon, the God of the Sea, is trying to make it impossible for him to return home. He finally reaches Ithaca by the help of the goddess Athena. In Oedipus the King, Oedipus, the son of Laius and Jocasta, is the King of Thebes. Oedipus was destined for failure even before his birth (Hionides). He receives an oracle t...
King tut Was an Egyptian ruler, Otherwise known as a pharaoh, who is the youngest and most well known across the globe. He ruled Egypt as a young child. He was a noble ruler, always fair and was very likeable by all. He was one of the most Noble Rulers until he died from unknown Cause. King tut had a very Interesting Early Life, Time in Power, and a Sad Death and Burial.
Oedipus first demonstrates his reverence for the gods and their will by directing Creon, his uncle and second in command, to the oracle at Delphi to pursue the advice of Apollo. “And that I have taken: I have sent Creon, Son of Menoikeus, brother of the Queen To Delphi, Apollo’s place of revelation” (Sophocles pg. 713).Oedipus takes Apollo’s advice literally and pledges to search for Laius’ killer and bring him to justice. Sophocles vilified the gods' character, and depressed their position by making them look destructive and malevolent. Many people believe that gods should be flawless and unfailing, and should embody integrity and impartiality, but with Oedipus, the gods seemed bent on destroying him and his family. It is difficult to understand gods having humanistic traits, but these in fact, do. The gods, particu...
Like similarities, differences are present between the two pieces of literature. Both Homer and Sophocles lived wrote in different time periods. The difference in conflict is seen in The Odyssey when Odysseus blinds Poseidon’s son and the Cyclops. This leads to his capture and suffering from his family. In Oedipus the King, the pain and suffering of the people of Thebes is caused by Oedipus when he enacted the prophecy of killing his father and marrying his mother. the word ‘hero’ it is significant that the definition of a hero changed from Homeric times to classical times. This change in the meaning of the word “hero” is not unintentional and the explanation is revealing how the concept of the hero in Hellenic mythology emerged and changed over the passage of the
Thousands of years of superstition and spiritual worship evolved into Greeks’ religion, which was based on mythology and the belief that gods of the Olympus controlled the lives of men. Sophocles brings to light the Greeks’ beliefs in several scenes as the gods are consulted through the oracles. In one scene, Iokaste tells Oedipus that an oracle told Laios that his doom would be death at the hands of his own son. His son born of his flesh and mine (II. 214-220). Iokaste and Laios had asked an oracle about their baby’s future (Oedipus) to have better understanding of the child’s fate. Upon receiving this information, and realizing the tragic destiny o...
The purpose of this essay is to demonstrate that the events in Oedipus the King, written by Sophocles, are the result of the hero’s self determination and restless attempt to escape a terrifying destiny predicted for him by the oracle of Apollo at Delphi. My intention is to prove that although the Fates play a crucial part in the story, it is Oedipus'choices and wrong doing that ultimately lead to his downfall.
Throughout the ancient world, religions and ideologies have developed into forms and practices that influence the very essence of civilizations. Religions could pose as a form of foundation for the beliefs, ideas, social organizations, and economic structures of a certain group of people. They provided a means of justification and form of unity between people and they helped establish and infuse new ideas into a culture. Religions were used as source to explain the misconcepted beliefs in nature and science as well as natural phenomina and it was also used to provide a source of motivation, control, and stability in a civilization.
“Gods can be evil sometimes.” In the play “Oedipus the King”, Sophocles defamed the gods’ reputation, and lowered their status by making them look harmful and evil. It is known that all gods should be perfect and infallible, and should represent justice and equity, but with Oedipus, the gods decided to destroy him and his family for no reason. It might be hard to believe that gods can have humanistic traits, but in fact they do. The gods, especially Apollo, are considered evil by the reader because they destroyed an innocent man’s life and his family. They destroyed Oedipus by controlling his fate, granting people the power of prophecy, telling Oedipus about his fate through the oracle of Apollo, and finally afflicting the people of Thebes with a dreadful plague. Fundamentally, by utilizing fate, prophecies, the oracle of Apollo, and the plague, the gods played a significant role in the destruction of Oedipus and his family.
This research essay will be about the myth Oedipus the King. Even Oedipus can possibly change his fate, but he still leads himself to the destruction due to his arrogant and stubbornness. There are so many things Oedipus can possibly do differently to avoid fulfilling the prophecy of the oracle. The story of Oedipus can apply to our everyday lives in many ways. Life is a long chess game and our opponent is the ruthless fate. Some of us think twice, maybe even three times more before we make our moves. Some of us make the moves without taking a look.
Much of early literature deals with the struggle of being merely human in the face of the gods. Man has long struggled with fate, the idea that the most important forces which shape the human life, such as fortune and death, are out of human control. This early idea forces us to question if our lives are our own to control, as we are often taught in Western culture, or if we are simply the pawns of the powers that truly control this world. The stories of Odysseus and Oedipus both contain explorations of this though in very different ways.