As a young boy, Olaudah Equiano was kidnapped from his home in Africa and forced into the infamous slave trade. Like many other slaves, he was physically and emotionally traumatized by a series of unfortunate events that occurred in his lifetime. He was traded often, served under numerous masters, shipped along with hundreds of other enslaved people, and had to bear witness to the deaths of several slaves. Equiano was among the few who were eventually able to gain freedom, and even more of a rarity, acquired an education and published his own book. His book was an original for this time period because his audience was primarily European people who had never been able to read about the slave trade from the perspective of an actual former slave.
The dreadful Middle Passage had caused all the slaves suffered to death. Olaudah Equiano was born in 1745 in Eboa, Guinea which is now Nigeria. He was a son of a chief, and he was kidnapped into slavery at the age of 11, he was put on board in a slave ship. He described his first time when he arrived on the coast was the sea, and a slave ship. "I now wished for the last friend, death, to relieve me; but soon, to my grief, two of the white men offered me eatables; and, on my refusing to eat, one of them held me fast by the hands, and laid me across I think the windlass, and tied my feet, while the other flogged me severely"(Equiano, The Middle Passage).
Leading up to the trial of the Africans, Spielberg illustrates the horrors the slaves endured as they were captured and taken from their homes. It is very distressing to see the cruelty that was imposed on the slaves as they were captured. The slaves were shackled and chained, then packed in an unsanitary, overcrowded slave ship, and exposed to inhuman treatment, on the Portuguese slaver Tecora as it makes its way through the Middle Passage towards Cuba. Although a third of the slaves died aboard the Tecora before it reached it's destination, those that survived the trip were eventually auctioned into slavery in Havanna, Cuba.. The revolt on the slave ship Amistad resulted in the deaths of the captain and cook of the ship.
The British kidnapped him in 1756. He was kidnapped with his sister and dragged away from there home. A lot of the whites would just go into villages and start taking African Americans to be their slaves or to trade them for goods.
Olaudah Equiano exposed the atrocities suffered by the African Slaves at the hands of the slave traders and slave owners. Equiano at the end of his over sea journey experienced several Africans being sold as if objects and not humans to slave owners in America. Equiano recites this image, “in this manner, without scruple, are relations and friends separated, most to never see each other again” (page 88, line 112) explaining the real life problems, fears, and torments the Africans received after being captured in their native lands. Witnessing this horrific image, Equiano had the right to question, (lines 123 and 124) ”Why are parents to lose their children, brothers their sisters, or husbands their wives?” Olaudah Equiano wrote his feelings that in the end, Africans suffered due to faults of the cruel slave
Slavery then went on to cause the War between the North and the South known as the “Civil War”. In 1916, a Dutch ship brought twenty enslaved Africans to a Virginia Colony at Jamestown. Slaves were sold all over the United States to work on small farms and plantations. The slaves worked hard day in and day out to finish their jobs. Slave owners would whip and beat the slaves that would not work right or that tried to escape the plantation.
Olaudah Equiano, also known as Gustavus Vassa, was an African that was kidnapped from his home, now known as southeastern Nigeria, and put into the slave trade at age 11 with his younger sister. While enslaved, Equiano worked on multiple slave ships until he was able to buy his freedom in 1766. As a free man he experienced many obstacles, the most significant being getting stolen from. During his time of enslavement and freedom Equiano experienced traveling to many countries, some now known as England, Turkey, and Jamaica. After some time of being free Equiano marries an Englishwoman and becomes a leading figure in the anti-slavery movement.
The slaves that were forced on the ships had no idea what was going to happen to them and the worst had yet to come. Secondly, the Africans were then tightly packed on the ship and sent to the Americas. The packing was done as efficiently as they could, leaving the slaves no room to move. The rooms were no more than five feet high with old, scratched up w... ... middle of paper ... ...ier.” In conclusion, millions of innocent people were grabbed and torn from their homes losing all their independence. Faced with such harsh conditions millions of them died and even felt the need to commit suicide.
Blacks were subject to overworking and humiliation by white men. Although this was not the case in every slave to master relationship, owning another person as property when they owe you no debt is still degrading, no matter how you treat the person. African Americans have suffered many hardships through slavery, were set free as a result of the Civil War, fought for their rights in the civil rights movement, and are on both sides of the coin when it comes to racism in America. Slavery began with Europeans kidnapping Africans to force them into slavery, but Europeans soon realized this was far too dangerous for them to continue doing. Europeans set up forts and trading post along the coasts of Africa and made deals with African tribal leaders.
Africans were ripped apart from their families and forced to go to America as slaves. During their voyage to America, also known as the infamous Middle Passage, slaves were held in slave ships which were unhygienic, unsafe and inhumane forms of transportation to the New World. During the Middle Passage, the men were crammed below the deck of the ship, which was an area riddled with disease and other horrifying conditions. The women and children were somewhat free to move on deck, but they were often subjected to violence and repulsive sexual abuse from the crew. Slaves in America endured years of abuse and mistreatment by their owners.