Oedipus reveals the truth and now the feeling of anxiety is replaced by grief and sorrow. This release of tension causes an overwhelming emotion, a relief of emotion that marks the catharsis. Oedipus the King by Sophocles has the ingredients necessary for a good Aristotelian tragedy. The play has the essential parts that form the plot, consisting of the peripeteia, anagnorisis and a catastrophe; which are all necessary for a good tragedy according to the Aristotelian notion. Oedipus is the perfect tragic protagonist, for his happiness changes to misery due to hamartia (an error).
This interpretation is generally accepted that through experiencing fear vicariously in a controlled situation, the spectators own anxieties are directed outward, and, through sympathetic identification was the protagonist, his insight and outlook are enlarged. Also, as importantly and significantly, Aristotle introduced the term hamartia, the tragic flaw, or an inherent defect or shortcoming in the hero of a tragedy. Aristotle casually described the tragic hero as a man of noble rank and nature whose misfortune is not brought upon him by villainy or corruption, but by some error of judgement. This imperfection later became known, or interpreted as a moral flaw, although most great tragedies defy such a simple distinction of the term. We could say that in many cases of tragedy the hero is never passive, but struggles to resolve his tragic difficulty with an obsessive dedication, that he is guilty of presuming that he is godlike, attempting to surpass his own human limitations.
Because of that flaw, the hero falls from either power or death. Due to the fall, the tragic hero discovers something. Finally, there must be catharsis in the minds of the audience. It fits all the characteristics as defined by Aristotle. The tragic hero of a play is a man of some social standing and personal reputation, but sufficiently like ourselves in terms of his weaknesses that we feel fear and pity when a tragic flaw, rather than an associate, causes his downfall.
A good tragedy will evoke pity and fear in its viewers, causing the viewers to experience a feeling of catharsis. Catharsis, in Greek, means "purgation" or "purification"; running through the... ... middle of paper ... ... Oedipus a great tragic hero of classical Greek while Thelma and Louise remained as one of the action play with different meaning of tragedy than Oedipus but still able to get the attention. Therefore, how the human emotions between the characters in two stories as well as the audiences and the character were manipulated by the characters for the same action in different way is shown by both of these stories and so it is very important to theater producers and actors and students like us to continue study and play till this time of 21st century to define the art, life, and theater in better way as well as to understand it in different angle. Works Cited Cohen, Robert. Theatre: Brief Version.
He tells them "each one of you is enclosed to himself" he tells them that his suffering is greater than ... ... middle of paper ... .... They fear the real identity of Oedipus and they do not want him to discover it. Moreover, the pity is associated with his downfall at the end. These emotional of pity and fear lead to the emotional purgation of the audience, which is the main aim of tragedy according to Aristotle. He is very appropriate to arouse such feelings because he has all the qualities of the tragic hero.
Tragedy deals with the element of evil, with what we least want and most fear to face, and with what is destructive to human life and values. It also draws out our ability to sympathize with the tragic character, feeling some of the impact of the evil us. It is difficult for the reader feel pity for Macbeth because he is merely part of the evil force that has always existed in our world and not the poor, forsaken, fate-sunken man, according to Aristotle's idea of tragedy. The reader can sense the power and greed upon which Macbeth thrives, prospers, and finally falls and therefore the reader sees Macbeth as a bad guy, feeling little or no pity for him.
Secondly he or she must have a tragic flaw (hamartia) that leads to his or her downfall and finally a tragic hero must experience a downfall and recognize the reasons for that downfall. The play “Oedipus the King”, written by the great ancient Greek tragic dramatist Sophocles in 430 B.C. was chosen by Aristotle as an ideal model to illustrate his definition of tragedy. The character Oedipus has all three of the necessary characteristics of a tragic hero and reveals that self-examination is the key to our ability to accept responsibility for our actions. When Oedipus finally sees the truth, he blinds and exiles himself as punishment which illustrates his understanding of why and acceptance of what he has done.
If a story has all these elements then it would be considered a hero’s journey. In addition, Aristotle’s article was explaining what elements a tragedy had in it. He states “Tragedy is a form of drama exciting the emotions of pity and fear.” (Aristotle, 1). The character can’t be all good or all bad and the audience has to be able to connect with them. Aristotle states “The tragic flaw is having a lot of pride that causes the hero to ignore a divine warning or break a moral law.” (Aristotle, 1).
The term tragedy is applied broadly to literary, and especially to dramatic, representations of serious and important actions which turn out disastrously for the main character. Aristotle defined tragedy as ‘the imitation of an action that is serious and also, as having multitude, complete in itself.’ Aristotle’s definition of tragedy is still the first tuning point today. His idea of defining the form by referring to its effects on the audience is controversial – especially his idea of catharsis – the ‘purification’ of the emotions of those in the audience. This is the effect that leaves the audience feeling not depressed at the hero’s suffering and defeat, but relieved and even inspired at the end of the play. A major feature of tragedy is the use of a tragic hero.
Oedipus is endowed mostly all tragic characteristics that qualify him for a model tragic hero. He is the son of the queen Iokaste and King Laios, whi... ... middle of paper ... ...milarly, if we take Oedipus' downfall as fated, the tragic value of the play will be enriched since the Catharsis will be intensified. Catharsis means the evocation of two elements in the spectators: pity and fear. A natural audience has more pity for a man whose tragic end is to a great extent fateful rather than for a man whose bad deeds bring about his downfall. Intensifying pity means a Catharsis with a stronger effect and naturally a bonus for the success of the play since achieving Catharsis is a major purpose of any tragedy.