The epic poem The Odyssey, written by Homer, centers around the main protagonist Odysseus and his long journey back home. Odysseus, the king of Ithaca, returns home after defeating the Trojans in a ten year war. On his way back, he angers Poseidon, god of the sea, by blinding his son, Polyphemus the Cyclops. Due to Odysseus’ actions, Poseidon refuses to let Odysseus reach home, and Odysseus and his crew are forced to go through a series of obstacles throughout the epic. Through this adversity, Odysseus must show his heroic attributions in order to survive. Homer portrays Odysseus as a hero by giving him characteristics such as: craftiness, loyalty, and bravery. In situations where brute force has failed, Odysseus uses his craftiness to create a plan and escape a difficult situation. Without his cleverness, Odysseus would not be able to survive. An example of Odysseus’ inventiveness is demonstrated in the following quote: My moment was at hand, and i went forward holding an ivy bowl of my dark drink, looking up, saying: ‘Cyclops try some wine. Here’s liquor to wash down your scraps of men.’ (Homer pg. 991, lines 294-298) When Odysseus and his men realized they were trapped inside the cave, Odysseus was smart enough to realize that they would be trapped forever by the Cyclops boulder if they killed him. Not only is Odysseus smart enough to create a plan of escape by getting the Cyclops drunk but also stays calm and collected to trick the Cyclops into drinking the wine without arousing suspicion. As a result, they stab the Cyclops, blinding him. To hide his identity as king of Ithaca and to trick the neighboring Cyclops he gives a false name by saying, “My name is Nohbody: mother, father, and friends, / everyone calls... ... middle of paper ... ...t, erect along the mast, lashed to the mast, and if I shout and beg to be untied, take more turns of the rope to muffle me.’ (Homer, lines 685-698) Odysseus orders his men to tie him up to the mast of the ship, so he can be the only one getting tortured by the Sirens’ song. Circe foretells that Odysseus and his men will die, in an effort to sacrifice himself for the crew, he tells his crew to tie him up. This daring moves is another reason why he is parted from the other characters, as a hero. These heroic element expresses Odysseus as a hero for some people. The others may argue that Odysseus is not a hero because he lost crew members when he reached back home in Ithaca. But with the help of certain characteristics readers highly disregard that he lost all of them. Through the usage of craftiness, loyalty, and bravery, Homer depicts Odysseus as a true hero.
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In homer's Odyssey the main character Odysseus is a person who only tries to help himself. Although he earns the trust of his men while in Troy, he loses it on his perilous journey home. Many times in the epic he manipulates others, commits foolish acts and is full of hubris. He tries to take shortcuts and as a result of this is men are killed and his boats destroyed. He plays with the lives of his men and he is punished for it. Odysseus is not a hero because, he is foolish, lacks faithfulness and is consumed by his Hubris and selfishness.
In conclusion, Odysseus conveys the qualities of a true hero, He shows fortitude, bravery and he portrays qualities of management. Odysseus shows these qualities throughout the journey in which he faced many challenging people and places. However, Odysseus overcomes each and every one by having only one set goal: to get home. As long as he reached that goal, nothing could stop him. Like a true hero, Odysseus never lost these traits, no matter how bad of a mess he was in.
Every hero should show bravery, faith, and responsibility. Homer wonderfully exploits these within Odysseus throughout the epic. Odysseus was never influenced b his crew and tried to set good examples for them to follow. Although none of the crew, but Odysseus, made it home, he still shows these traits at his house with his son. If Odysseus ever lost any of those along the journey, he would never have made it back to Ithaca. Homer shows that people must keep going no matter what happens.
In Homer’s The Odyssey, the main protagonist, Odysseus, is trying to make his way home to Ithaca, ten years later, after the end of the Trojan War. Odysseus is portrayed as a hero throughout the epic; however, the events surrounding his heroism is with considerable help from the gods and goddess. Being a hero is defined as a person who is admired or idealized for courage, outstanding achievements, or noble qualities. Based on the play, there is evidence to suggest that Odysseus is not a hero as defined but that he relied on the help of the gods and goddess.
Nathaniel Hawthorne once said, “The greatest obstacle to being heroic is the doubt whether one may not be going to prove one's self a fool; the truest heroism is to resist the doubt; and the profoundest wisdom, to know when it ought to be resisted, and when it be obeyed”. The book, The Odyssey, written by Homer, explains about a man named Odysseus and his ten year journey home from the Trojan War. During his journey, he encounters new challenges such as battling mythical creatures and surviving the situations the gods and goddesses create. However in the end, he must prove himself worthy to the people of Ithaca and to his family. Considering this, Homer represents Odysseus as an epic hero multiple times. The author uses the element, leadership to develop Odysseus for his noble deeds. The author also describes him as being glorified, or worshipped by others. Therefore, Odysseus truly is an epic hero because of the descriptions Homer uses to describe Odysseus’s strategic acts in times of need and the growing inspiration everyone has for him.
Fortunately, with no chance of escaping out in the open Odysseus used the herd of sheep and “Three abreast I tied them silently together, twining cords of willow from the ogre’s bed: then slung a man under each middle one to ride there safely, shielded left and right”(Homer lines 378-381). Odysseus knew since there was no way out, he thought of a tactic and showed cleverness by tying each of his men under a sheep to get away unseen, then hid under a ram to escape last. Foolishly, as soon as he and his men escaped, Odysseus, out of his own pride told the Cyclops that it was he who plundered his eye and talked poorly to him. As soon as the Cyclops knew his name he cursed Odysseus saying “...Grant that Odysseus, raider of cities, never see his home...Should destiny intend that he shall see his roof again among his family in his fatherland, far be that day, and dark the years between” (Homer lines 486-491). Since Odysseus let his pride take control of him, he acted with great impudence and treated the Cyclops disrespectfully and got himself and his men cursed to never see their home again. While quickly sailing away from the island, Odysseus and his men undergo many misfortunes, one of many losing all but his only ship from cannibals. Luckily, Odysseus and his crew escape only to arrive in the hands of Circe, who turns Odysseus’ men into swine and later tells him to journey to the land
When Odysseus and his men become trapped in the cyclops Polyphemus’ cave, he must act instantaneously and figure out a means of escape. From the start, Odysseus realizes that they have to keep Polyphemus alive in order for him to move the boulder that is blocking the exit of the cave. Because of this, Odysseus cleverly devises a plan where he gets Polyphemus drunk and tells him that his name is “Nohbdy.” Odysseus does this to ensure that when he stabs Polyphemus’ eye, no other Cyclopes will come to his aid, and they will assume that nobody is injuring the giant. His well-thought-out plan is effective and Polyphemus cries out, “Nohbdy, Nohbdy’s tricked me, Nohbdy’s ruined me!” (358), and the other cyclopes on the island pay no attention. Despite not possessing as much physical strength as the Cyclops, he uses his wits to his advantage and is able to outsmart Polyphemus and escape. Odysseus’ intellect far surpasses that of his crew, and while they remain stagnant, he quickly assesses the situation and uses his surroundings to his advantage. As they sail towards the Sirens, Odysseus realizes the impending danger he and his men are about to encounter. With the knowledge that hearing their song will lead them to their deaths, he thinks quickly and puts beeswax in his men’s ears to block out the sound. His ability to effectively apply his knowledge proves
The first heroic characteristic of Odysseus is his cleverness. In The Odyssey, one of the instances where Odysseus displays cleverness is in his encounter with the Cyclops, Polyphemus. Polyphemus captures Odysseus and his men in the island Cyclopes, which was filled with other giants. Although it is expected among the Greeks to display hospitality to strangers, Polyphemus ends up eating some of Odysseus men. In order to escape the giant, Odysseus comes up with a clever plan. He offers Polyphemus wine in order to get the giant drunk. When the giant falls asleep, Odysseus stabs Polyphemus’ singular eye, blinding the giant. The giant naturally wakes up, and starts to try and recapture Odysseus and his men. Knowing that the giant’s shouting would most likely attract the attention of the other giants in the island, Odysseus replies to Polyphemus when the giant asks him his name that his name was “Noman.” But when Polyphemus shouts for help, none of the other giants come to his aid, since he is shouting “My friends, N...
But I alone anchored my black ship outside, well clear of the harbor’s jaws...they speared the crew like fish...but while they killed them off in the harbour depths I pulled the sword from beside my ship and I hacked away at the ropes that moored my blue-prowed ship of war and shouted rapid orders at my shipmate...but the rest went down en mass. Our squadron sank.” (Homer, 23). When they land on Laestrygonian land, Odysseus already has his own plans. He parks his ship in a way that would make it easier for him and the small crew on board with him to get away if needed. While the giants killed off his shipmates, Odysseus doesn’t help any of them . He escapes with the small crew he has. Odysseus sailed off leaving a huge portion of his crew to die. They later end up on Circe’s island, where his men get turned into swine and he makes a deal with Circe. Despite the fact that his comrades consistently begged him to go home, Odysseus stayed at Circe’s island for a year. “It’s time to help me home. My heart longs to be home, my comrades’ hearts as well. They wear me down, pleading with me whenever you’re away,” (Homer, 27). The intent of the trip was to go home, but his “stubborn spirit” caused them to remain there for
George F. Kennan, an American political scientist and historian, once said, “Heroism is endurance for one moment more” (BrainyQuote). That means that perseverance even in the darkest hour is what qualifies someone as a true hero. With that in mind, it is difficult to refute the fact that Odysseus is a hero by both modern standards and a hero in Greek mythology. This Greek war leader, who spent 20 years away from home taking on challenge after challenge, surely pressed on through every moment in which his heroism was tested. Everything he did was for his men, the soldiers that at times questioned his leadership, only to find out that he was correct all along. While he had moments in which his pride overshadowed him, that was simply his confidence showing through, one of the very virtues that kept him alive. If he had not been a confident leader, perhaps his crew would have had trouble following his brilliant schemes. Odysseus was a clever man who always knew how to get out of a sticky situation. Throughout The Odyssey, Odysseus repeatedly proves his worth as a hero by evading trouble with his cleverness, persevering through the trials he faces, and overall acting as a loyal shepherd to his flock of men.
One of Odysseus's many qualities is determination. He remains determined throughout the entire saga to get back to his family. During Odysseus's Odyssey he encounters many obstacles, beast, god, and nature. Odysseus must get through all of these hardships before he can make it back to his family and home. On his way back Odysseus is next to Charybdis and she swallows his boat. He must holds on to the branches of a fig tree to survive, "But I clung grimly, thinking my mast and keel would come back to the surface when she spouted. And ah! How long, with what desiree, I waited! Till, at the twilight hour...the long poles at last reared from the sea"(12.560-64). Odysseus shows his determination to get home, because it would be easy for him to just let go and drown, but no Odysseus hangs on so he can see his wife again. Once he is at home he finds suitors at his house. Odysseus kills one of them and the others beg for mercy, ??Not for the whole treasure of your fathers, all you enjoy, lands, flocks, or any gold put up by others, would I hold my hand??(22.65-67). Odysseus is determined to get revenge on all of the suitors and he will not be satisfied until they are all dead. Without his strong will and determination Odysseus would not have made it through his trials. Although determination is a must for a journey such as Odysseus?s cunning is also just as essential.
The question has been raised as to whether or not Odysseus, the hero of Homers The Odyssey, is an epic hero. An epic Hero portrays many classic properties, including being very strong and courageous. Odysseus is an epic hero, because he portrays many of these and other traits, such as having a goal that is foremost in his mind, and having descended into the underworld.
Homer writes about, “How Odysseus is first very angry with his captor Calypso, because when she says he can leave he thinks she is playing a trick and that the raft given will sink at sea” (Homer 5. 173-178). Odysseus has been captive for a while so he initially has trouble accepting the truth. Homer tells how, “Odysseus’ heart sang as he spread to the wind, as he spread to the wind, and he steered with the rudder, a mariner aboard his craft” (Homer 5. 269-271). Finally, Odysseus is free to start his adventure and his vigor and purpose are back up to full strength. Nothing will stop Odysseus from returning home
To begin, one feature that makes Odysseus and epic hero is his intelligence. In order for him to have survived through his journey, he has to have a massive amount of intellect. To have survived a Cyclops is an accomplishment of its own. His ability to think on his feet and to plan situations and ability to make a right decision in horrid environments has helped him survive throughout his disastrous journey. When he is trapped by the Cyclops, Polyphemus, he has to carve, smooth, and sharpen a gigantic spear-shaped-pole out of a large tree that he and his strongest men would then use it on the Cyclops to blind it. In order to follow through with his plan, Odysseus has to sedate him. He gives Polyphemus an extremely strong wine, in which Polyphemus asks him his name. Odysseus replies: “My name is Nohbdy; mother, father, friends, everyone call me Nohbdy”(9.274-9.275) When the Cyclops passes out, Odysseus and four of his strongest men stab Polyphemus in his eye with the sharpened pole that he and his men ...
Odysseus is very wise; he is able to get out of any situation he finds himself in and can also deceive anyone he finds the need to. Odysseus has the sort of cunning that one may expect to find in an action hero. However, Odysseus is able to do almost anything he wants with these skills of his. He is able to make up stories on the spot, such as when he told Athena that he was in fact not Odysseus but instead a weary traveler from Krete. Said he, “Far away in Krete I learned of Ithaka- in that broad island over the great ocean” (XIII, 327-328), and Athena knew it was Odysseus only because she was a goddess. Odysseus is very resourceful: he uses the things that are available to him. One instance of this trait is when he devises a plan to escape Polyphemos’s cave alive. Using the sheep as escape mechanisms is very clever. If he was not with his men in the cave, there would have been no way for them to get out. Also calling himself Nohbdy to trick Polyphemos into saying that no one hurt him is an ingenious idea. No one else would be able to execute his plan the way he did- with swiftness and bravery. O...