There are many issues facing Americans today, but I believe that the most pressing issue is obesity. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the percentage of overweight American children and teens has more than doubled in the past decade (Ward-Smith). Two-thirds of the adults are either overweight or obese, and at least 300,000 Americans die each year from obesity related diseases (“America’s Obesity Crisis”). Type II diabetes is already reaching epidemic proportions among our youth, and we will soon have the first generation of Americans who are less healthy than their parents (Davis 2). Obesity has been officially recognized as a disease by the American Medical Association.
Did you know more than 35% of adults and 17% of children and adolescents ages 2 – 19 in the United States are considered Obese (Bucci 32). Obesity is a huge growing problem in not just the United States but everywhere that needs to be controlled. The U.S is the fattest country in the world with Mexico as a close second. Fast Food and Technology are some of the main reasons you usually think of when you think of causes of Obesity, but did you ever think that Parents and Family members have a huge part in the cause of Obesity? Family Influence can cause obesity in children by not eating healthy.
Along with the fact that obesity is the most common form of malnutrition in the Western world, it also affects sixty-four percent of Americans (Pennybacker 15; Brownell 1). Obesity is one of today' s most visible, yet neglected conditions affecting more Americans each day. According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, the definition of obesity is “a condition characterized by excessive bodily fat” (Merriam-Webster). Moreover, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention labels the obesity problem as an “epidemic” (Brownell 1). Basically, obesity is the long-term result of a diet that delivers more calories in than are consumed through daily activity.
Around the world, over one billion adults and more than 10% of children are considered to obese. As the World Health Organization predicts, the number of obese children will increase to 700 million and nearly 2.3 billion adults by 2015. In addition, childhood obesity is correlated with a higher probability of becoming obese adults, premature death, and disability (Kaltra, De Sousa, Sonavane, & Shah, 2013). Many researchers believe that racial composition of communities associated with obesity and that obesity has a big impact on various subgroups in the United States. In a study, the researchers compared the mean body mass index values among the popular races.
Heart disease is is a huge risk factor of obesity. A lifetime spent being obese could be a predictor for coronary artery calcification, a major risk factor for heart disease, according to a new study (Woodruff par 1). Researchers from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute found that the rate of coronary artery calcification is higher among people who have been obese for more than 20 years of their lives, compared with those who had never become obese (Woodruff par 2). The researchers conducted scans to see how much coronary artery calcification the participants had during follow-up tests 15, 20 and 25 years after the beginning of the study (Woodruff par 4). The researchers also continued taking BMI and waist circumference of the participants throughout the 25-year study time span to see who would go on to become obese, and for how long (Woodruff par 4).
Type 2 diabetes is more common in developed countries. (Fehily, 1999). The population of obese individuals has gone up rapidly every year (Knight, 1984). During the past few decades, diabetes has gone up in many parts of the world and this is associated with increasing obesity (Fehily, 1999). Obesity is a condition of being overweight and is defined clinically by a body mass index (BMI).
Currently, the burden of obesity is highly dispersed in the USA populace, especially under the unfriendly-dietary environment where it corrodes healthy lifestyles and promotes obesity. Over the past several years, obese populations among childhood and adulthood have gradually increased; recent estimates from National Center for Health Statistics indicate that approximately 17% of American youth were obese, whereas 35% of adults were obese (Ogden et al.). Nevertheless, obesity and related ceaseless illness such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases are huge contributors to preventable morbidity and mortality and current population inclines in corpulence undermine to stall improvement to more excellent wellbeing and life span (Rutten et al.). Overall, the outcome associated with obesity to U.S. society is vulnerable; thus, the U.S. government should start making revision on obesity prevention policies regarding sweetened beverages restriction, media regulation and fiscal policy in order to stop the overwhelming health burden associated with obesity. Although diabetes once was rare in American population, health issues involving obesity have decisive effects on society in recent days.
Obesity is an epidemic in America, greatly impacting youth, the health care system, and economically vulnerable populations. Among all of the high-income countries in the world, obesity rates remain the highest in the US. According to Harvard, US obesity rates have more than doubled since 1980, although they have remained the same since 2003. (Harvard School of Public Health) Approximately 31.9% of children and adolescents from the ages of 2 to 19 are obese or overweight (NPLAN), while roughly 69% of adults fall into the category of overweight or obese. (Harvard School of Public Health) With obesity rates this high, America is facing a huge crisis that could become greater in the future.
In the past few years obesity among children has increased and has now become a major issue in this nation. Over twelve million children in the United States are obese and seven percent of those children are at risk of having type 2 diabetes. Obesity has become a burden to the United States economy and it is costing America $147 billion dollars a year. Are parents to blame for obese and overweight children or is society at fault? Obesity has been around for many years but has always been known to be an adult issue.
Obesity is defined as an excessively high amount of body fat in relation to lean body mass. Genetics, nutrition, physical activity, and family routines are all leading causes of the increase in American obesity. If one parent is obese, there is a 50% chance that the child will be obese, this study shows how obesity is carried down, being the reason obesity is increasing (National Heart, Lungs, and Blood Institute, Health Risk 1). Day to day money is directly spent on medical care and prescription drugs related to obesity. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, obesity is becoming a national epidemic, with the Center for Disease Control, noting that around 15% of children and adolescents are now overweight.