Nickel is one of the most important elements on the periodic table. It has plenty of history, as well as a huge importance to society. Its has unique chemical, physical, and geological properties. Nickel is used commercially in abundance, as it is used anywhere from simple art products such as ceramics to complex structures such as tubing for desalination plants. It is even used in the American five-cent coin, the "nickel".Nickel was discovered by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt, in Sweden, during the year 1751.
Nickel and Dimed
The book “Nickel and Dimed” is a very thought provoking read. Dr. Ehrenreich begins her book with the introduction by discussing with the audience how she developed the idea for this book during an expensive lunch. Dr. Ehrenreich speculated how workers with such little skill and education survive on such inadequate incomes. She can not fathom how these people are surviving, and wants to find out and understand their “tricks”.
The perfect, suburban family has become a prominant theme and stereotype in American culture. Families from the works of Anne Tyler represent the exact opposite of this cultural stereotype. None of Tyler's novels contain families with faithful, domestic wives, breadwinning husbands, and 2.3 well-behaved, perfect children. Tyler kills this misconcieved stereotype in Breathing Lessons, Dinner at the Homesick Restaurant, and The Accidental Tourist. Anne Tyler grew up with her parents on a series of experimental communes, so she developed a different perception of family life. She observes domestic life from the view of an outsider looking in. Minor-- and sometimes major-- flaws characterize the average family in Tyler's novels because many of today's families are imperfect. Because of her communal upbringing, she observes family life more honestly than do writers who romanticize family life. Tyler's novels show that the picture most people see when they think of the typical American family is shifting from the Cleavers to the Simpsons.
The Kappa Child, written by Hiromi Goto, examines many topics in American culture including gender, authority, the fantasy of pioneering, and speculation about different races. Goto’s tale depicts the experience of four Japanese-Canadian sisters who are relocated by their father’s unattainable dream of growing Japanese rice in the sweltering heat of the inhospitable prairies. Goto shows how the unnamed narrator learns the realities of family, the hardships of life, and ultimately heals through her experiences with the mystical kappa figure. Further, Goto critiques the differences between real life adventure and a fictional adventure by directly comparing her text to the novel The Little House on the Prairie, written by Laura Ingalls Wilder, whom the narrator initially admires. The author accomplishes an ironic comparison between these two texts by showing how the narrator’s progressing development throughout the novel along with her changing relationship to Wilder’s novel. She specifically uses irony in her novel to further reveal the realties of living in the present versus a fictional fantasy about pioneering and farm life. Incorporating the use of the mystical kappa figure is ironic because this character, to the narrator, appears to be more real than Wilder’s novel about the love and security of a family’s bond.
The male characters in this book drink, gamble, but only one of them is a rapist and unambitious man. The other men drink which are Bone 's uncles, but they are better off than the one who is unambitious, Glen. The women in this book are well off because they are strong Boatwright women expect for Bone 's mom who lets bad things happen to her child. Bone is the main character in this story and her life is filled with questions until the very end. She has to put up with a abusive step-dad, Glen, and a mother, enter name, who knows what is going on and letting it get out of control. The aunts in Bone 's family are strong women who have seen and know what is happening to Bone. In this the book the women are strong and carry their problems. Bone carries her secret about Glen abusing her and raping her to herself until one of her Aunts finds her in the bathroom passed out with blood stains on her panty. In this story the house is not a safe place for Bone because of Glen. The home in this situation does help when Bone is stays with her aunts instead of being home with
When most people hear about rapes, murders, and drugs they think about the news and movies. They never would have thought a book could express these controversial topics correctly. I was one of those people before I read “The Glass Castle” and “A Place to Stand. ““The Glass Castle” is about a girl that grows up with parent that shouldn’t have kids. She struggles with growing up poor and not getting the support she needs when awful things happened. “A Place to Stand” is about a boy who grows up without his parents around and eventually ends up in a maximum security prison for selling drugs. Most of the book is focused on him learning how to read and write in prison and all the awful things that happen there. These books were marvelous representations of the authors, Jeannette Walls and Jimmy Santiago Baca, lives. They had many negative things happen to them through out there life but they were able to persist and become the well-respected people they are today. They made their life relevant to us with their memoirs. I liked both of these books very much but there was one that I enjoyed a lot more than the other. “The Glass Castle” was a more superior book than “A Place to Stand.” I enjoyed the short story aspect of “The Glass Castle” compared the long narrative of “A Place to Stand.” It was a lot easier to put down Jeanette’s book without becoming confused the next time you read it. Also I love the whimsy Jeannette puts on topics that aren’t typically whimsical. Jimmy’s novel is completely serious throughout the whole book. Finally, every character in “The Glass Castle” seems to develop and grow throughout the book. Other than Jimmy most of the characters either die or are never seen again by the end of the books. These are bot...
Sinclair Lewis makes point of the efforts that Carol produces to reform her new home. These efforts can be perceived by the townspeople as unwelcomed and unsuccessful. Some of Carol’s ideas are ludicrous, out of proportion and not ready for the slow-moving town. She tries several different approaches to reforming the town from the moment of her arrival. She goes from architectural reform to poetic reform to artistic to introducing liberalism to amusing social functions. All of these tactics she hopes will spring forth a reform movement to beautify and culturalize the town and people. Her initial attempts at bringing the town out of its shell consisted of throwing fun and exciting parties. Such as her Chinese house-warming party on page 66. She plans this social event as a way to bring the people out of their normal funeral parlor routine of sitting in a circle and making small talk. For the moment she is successful, but soon after she implements sledding, skiing and skating outings, people begin to recoil back into their normal routines. Again, Carol is frustrated with the progress of the town, and she soon feels rejected by the social elite at the Jolly Seventeen club on page 78. Her attempts to open the minds of the Jolly Seventeen to the issues of the lower class, backfires into a discussion of foreign incompetencies and laziness. Her reputation becomes the antithesis of Gopher Prairie social beliefs and structure. After presumably months of social reclusion, Carol is coe...
The Amish culture in general try to withhold the same traditions, values, and language as the original Amish. This individual Amish subculture in Indiana displayed in the Devil's Playground goes to show just how culturally diverse society can be. Though the ultimate desire of the Amish is to be a good example of Christ, the community encourages a positive deviance of their teenagers called Runspringa. Starting at age sixteen Amish teens are allowed the opportunity to explore the English world to better educate their decision to commit their life to the church and the simple way of living or leave the community turning to a life of relative deviance. This value contradiction often results in role conflict within the young people.
Reduced nickel centers are important in a number of interesting and useful transformations including catalytic cross coupling of alkyl electrophiles,145,146 evolution of dihydrogen by protonation of nickel hydrides,147 dioxygen activation,148 as well as imparting catalytic activity to several metalloenzymes.149 Our interest in nickel(I) centers derives from our longstanding interest in reductive dehalogenation reactions using transition metal complexes.31,70,76-79,122,150
Winesburg, Ohio is a story of lost or nonexistent connections with other human beings. Every character throughout the text has a want, a need, to connect with someone or something. Each individual faces a life of isolation. In most cases the solitary nature of their lives is self-inflicted. This self-punishment seems to be the outcome of a deeply personal hatred towards the characters' perceived differences with the rest of the Winesburg population. This is the fact that elevates Winesburg, Ohio above the rest. It is the fact that every man hides a part of himself from the eyes of others.