Neonatology Essay

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Evolution of neonatology Interest in the care of newborn babies has seen many different changed over the past century. It began in the late 1800s as attempt to support small and fragile premature babies using modified incubators, which were designed for the use of chickens but ended up using to keep premature babies warm. The care of newborns moved through many exhibits and into the 1900s. 1930-1950 in-hospital nurseries arose people to focus on the care of new born babies. Starting out the 1960s Alexander Shafer created the term neonatology. Within the following years people focused there studies, teachings and research on the care of small, sick newborn infants. They then began to call themselves neonatologist. Interests were sparks by tons of investigators such as William Silverman, who introduced the scientific rigor of the randomized, controlled trial into neonatal research through his work on retrolental fibroplasia. It is now known as retinopathy of prematurity but it was brought up in the 1950s. After the death of Patrick Bouvier Kennedy in 1963 due to respiratory failure, neonatology struck a bigger public eye. In the year 1975 neonatology became official. The American Board of Pediatrics recognized neonatology, it is now formally called it Neonatal-Prenatal Medicine, through the formation of the Sub-board of NPM also by administering the first certification examination in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. In the same year, the American Academy of Pediatrics introduced the Section on Perinatal Pediatrics as the medical home for specialists in this field. At first, to be eligible for the examination, the American Board of Pediatrics would required individuals to document either 5 years of practice... ... middle of paper ..., allowing neonatologists to focus on the more intensive care babies. Over this 48-year history, demographic trends in medicine and in pediatrics result in a workplace that now made up of nearly equal numbers of men and women, with females having the majority of pediatric residents and neonatology students entering training. American medical schools contributed the large majority of students in NPM at its inception, but by the mid-1990s, international graduates became about one- half of the trainees. Although this number dropped somewhat in the early 2000s, International graduates continue to be an important fraction of the workforce in NPM. Most International graduates are eligible to remain in the United States for practice and many are eligible for certification by the American Board in general pediatrics, a requirement for board-eligibility in NPM.

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