The Treaty of Versailles was meant to promote peace for the future of America and European countries but because reparations were too harsh, change in political boundaries, and disagreeing with rules of the League of Nations the treaty failed. The United States disagreed with rules of the League of Nations because the Irreconcilables, a bitter opponent for the Treaty of Versailles. This term specifically refers to about 12 to 18 United States Senators, both Republican and Democrats fought intently to defeat the ratification of the Treaty in 1919. Many feared the League of Nations might supersede, or to take the place of a person or thing previously in authority, the power of congress to declare war. The League of Nations was an intergovernmental …show more content…
He went to the people of America, traveling 8,000 miles and making over 30 major speeches in three weeks. Wilson collapsed in Colorado and that cause him to return to the white house. He then had a stroke and determined not to comprise with the senate. The United States did not join the league. Another problem the world faced with the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles was that many countries were harmed or affected in a negative way. Germany had to pay reparations, lost land, and had to take blame for the war. France didn’t get any money, and they were afraid Germany would re-build. Italy and Japan felt denied just rewards. Russia lost more land than Germany. German colonies in Africa and Pacific Middle East Countries didn’t get independence they were promised. And the United States did not sign the treaty of join the League of Nations, and then they proceeded to go into isolationism. Because the US went into isolationism there were new laws that came out for immigration. Such as Quota Act of 1921, limiting immigration from each country to 3% of total number who had immigrated in 1910 and set a yearly limit of 350,000. Another example of isolationism was setting Tariffs on imports. …show more content…
Germany had to pay $33 Billion in reparations. They also had to take full guilt off the war and they were stripped of their military privileges. This put Germany in a weak state. They didn’t have much money, their cities were in ruins, and they had a lot of guilt. World War I was supposed to be the war to end all wars, but when the Treaty of Paris ripped apart Germany with these harsh reparations, it was very easy for a new leader to come to power. This is how Hitler comes into the picture. He talks up the things he can do, and takes that opportunity to take control and that leads the world into World War II. Another thing that was changed due to harsh reparations was political boundaries. Russia and Germany lost land, while France, Britain, and Japan gained land. Italy gained some land, but not as much as they wanted. France gained land in Lebanon and Syria. Britain gained land in African colonies. Italy gained some land in Australia. Japan got control of German colonies in the Pacific. The war also caused destruction of four empires, the Ottoman, German, Russian, and Austria-Hungary empires. The Ottoman Empire lost territory in the war and fell to revolution in 1922. The German empires emperor got abducted and lost territory in the treaty. Austria-Hungary split into separate countries. One of the perks of the changing of territories there
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First Germany lost lots of land bordering Poland, France, and Denmark. East Prussia was still a part of Germany, but was like an island, disconnected from the homeland. This weakened Germany very much, having land be stripped from her. In Adolf Hitler’s Mein Kampf he says, “No nation can remove the hand from it’s throat except by the sword” (Document A). Hitler is saying in order to stop the unfair treatment, war is inevitable. He said this to help him come to power. He inspired people to not get pushed around by other countries with the Versailles Treaty. Hitler promised redemption and glory if he was put to
Many delegates were opposed to this, however it happened anyway. The harsh conditions led to WWII, the very thing the treaty was supposed to prevent. As the world engaged in war, its economy plummeted and faced both short and long-term effects.
There were four main ideas present about the treaty at the time: irreconcilables, reservationists both strong and mild, and those who accepted the treaty as is, like Wilson. The first group, the irreconcilables, consisted mainly of conservative and isolationist Republicans. They opposed the treaty mainly because of proposed membership in the League of Nations. The US Constitution gives no explicit power to the federal government to enter into an empowered international organization, since such an action without amendment to the Constitution would either give away powers of the federal government that are in its constitutional purview, thus sacrificing national sovereignty illegally, or would allow such international organization powers in the US not claimed by the federal government, an act unconstitutional under the tenth amendment, which states that all powers not enumerated to the federal government are possessed by the people or their state governments in such fashion as that state's citizens in convention deem appropriate. Since states are constitutionally blocked from entering agreements with foreign nations, joining the league would require a federal constitutional amendment. Other than constitutional arguments, they also thought joining the League was bad policy, as it would permanently entangle the US in the affairs of other nations, as well as allow some foreign oversight over domestic affairs. This sentiment is expressed in a cartoon from the era, which shows the Senate, with the Constitution in hand, halting the marriage between Uncle Sam and a woman labeled "foreign entanglements". (Document E)
...er that same vote, and finally Wilson’s plan of ratification without any reservations. All of the votes failed, with Wilson’s losing the worst by a 55-35 margin. The treaty with Lodge’s reservations was only defeated 50-41, so if Wilson had been the least bit flexible he may have been able to sway 20 or so senators to vote his way, which would at the very least set the stage for some sort of peace. Instead, Wilson’s self-righteousness buried his cause.
One reason the Treaty of Versailles was a cause of World War II was it destroyed the German economy. Germany lost a large number of territories, resources and they were forced to pay respirations. According to the map in Document A, Germany lost Alsace, Polish Corridor, Danzig and Lorraine.This led to a 40 percent reduction in Germany’s coal production.In addition to losing land and resources, Germany was forced to pay reparations. Document C shows Germany had 30 years to pay 132 billion gold marks. The stock market crash of 1929 placed Germany in an economic depression, and they couldn’t pay the respirations.
The Treaty of Versailles is an example of how the neglect of principles proposed by the Catholic Church, namely social restoration, just accords, long-term security and physical reconstruction, can lead to lasting global repercussions and future wars. The sanctions were enforced in the hope of slowing German recovery and eliminating future conflict. However, the United States didn’t sign this treaty because we recognized that it didn’t give the Germans a fair deal or promote long-term security (Treaty).
World War I was the most destructive and deadly war for its time the world has ever experienced. There was a great amount of effort put into insuring that it would not happen again. At the Paris Peace Conference the ground work was laid for a new safer, and more organized Europe. In doing so it was necessary to instruct new laws, and to reestablish boundaries of countries. This meant that the losers of the war, mostly Germany, would have to suffer the most. The resulting laws agreed on by all the attending countries were known as The Treaty of Versailles. The treaty of Versailles failed to ensure permanent global peace because Germany resented the terms of the treaty. Feeling as if the treaty were unfair, Germany became increasingly set on
“Given these results, the Versailles treaty must be judged one of history’s greatest catastrophes”. The treaty of Versailles was one of the worst treaties or even agreement that the United States and their allies ever agreed to. The treaty of Versailles was the end result of WW1 between the Allies (England, France, Russia, United States) and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire). WW1 was the first time in history that multiple nations all over the world fought against each other through alliances and because that caused major blood shed on a scale that was never seen before and is therefore called “The War to End All Wars”. The Allies eventually won the war on 11 November 1918 that was than preceded by the Treaty of Versailles on 28 June
The French; for example, was one who thought this treaty was too moderate and was highly disappointed by it (“D.1. The Treaty of Versailles”). They wanted to get rid of Germany all together, but on the other hand, the British and Americans wanted to avoid forming pretext for a new war (History.com Staff). Allied countries thought that the treaty was a just punishment to Germany, but in the United States it was received with mixed feelings and reviews (Adams). All responsibility for World War I was given to Germany, and they were ordered to pay reparations (Benson). Germany had been anything except pleased about this, and not to mention they felt utterly embarrassed about the situation (Benson). They also felt completely betrayed by Wilson and the United States (“D.1. The Treaty of Versailles”). Under protest and the threat of an invasion, they signed this document (Benson).
At the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 the “Big Four” meet to settle terms of peace. Britain and France wanted to punish Germany, Italy wanted money or land, and the United States wanted to heal wounds through Wilson’s League of Nations. There was a discussion about whether the United Sates wanted to accept the Treaty Versailles or not. President Wilson wanted the League of Nations to “end all wars”. It was not the influence of the opposing forces of the U.S., conservative or liberal, that led to the absolute defeat of the Treaty of Versailles, but rather the political unawareness, incapability, and stubbornness of President Woodrow Wilson.
The Treaty of Versailles was a violation of Wilson’s ideals. The Treaty is one of the most important agreements (or disagreements) that shaped 20th century Europe socially and physically. Woodrow Wilson on January 22, 1917 in an address to the United States Senate called for a peace without victors, but the Treaty signed by the participating nations was everything but that. The blame for the war was placed on Germany and justified the reparations that were outlined by the treaty for the war. The terms of the treaty were very harsh to the Germans and they took on great resentment. It was a fragile peace agreement that would be used as fuel to keep hostilities going 20 years later.
It led to twenty years of peace in Europe, but the conflict between the two parties still wasn’t resolved. On one hand, it was hard to solve the problem which involved the fiscal relationship between European countries (mainly Great Britain, Germany, and France) during the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century. The Treaty of Versailles and its related treaty system affected Europe in culture, politics and economy. The Treaty of Versailles facilitates the dissemination of nationalism and liberalism. It definitely changed the political pattern in Europe and the Middle East. It also paid an indemnity and the money of the Allied Powers was split unevenly, a direct result of the economy change in Europe and mostly led to World War II in long-term
The Treaty of Versailles was a treaty created at the end of World War I, in hopes of establishing peace among nations. Although it sought after harmony, the United States’ Senate refused to ratify the treaty due to the distasteful idea of the United States’ involvement in the League of Nations, and Woodrow Wilson’s unwillingness to compromise with Henry Cabot Lodge’s revisions of The Treaty of Versailles.
The Treaty of Versailles was one of the factors that led to the inevitability of World War Two. The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty that occurred as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that was held after Germany was defeated in World War One. The Treaty was put into action and required that Germany should accept responsibility for the war; of course Germany was humiliated by this. They were required to pay colossal war reparation payments. This was one of the main reasons the treaty had a severe impact on Germany; it crippled the German economy and critically reduced the living standards of the people. This made it virtually impossible for the German economy to function productively. The effects that the treaty had on Germany directly led to the rise of Hitler who he capitalised on German resentment at their treatment. He provided a focus for the German people and their desire to take back what they once had, and to restore their pride once again becoming a glorious nation.
The Treaty of Versailles, initially created to keep peace in Europe and ensure that another war like World War I wouldn’t happen again, had in fact, backfired and spiraled the world down into a deeper, bloodier battle. The treaty discriminated strongly against Germany, with the loss of territories, military restrictions, economic reparations, and the War Guilt Clause. It caused humiliation and anger within Germany, and led to Hitler and the Nazi Party coming to power. World War II was not only started by Adolf Hitler and Germany, but had a lot to do with the humiliation that Germany felt when the terms for the Treaty of Versailles were laid down. The harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles may be indirectly related to the cause of World War II, but nonetheless was a huge factor in starting the war.