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Moso society which better known as Na, is a small minority group living in Yunnan and Sichuan provinces in China. For over decades, they have implemented a matrilineal system through their culture. Matrilineality is defined as a system in which their descendants are traced using their mother lineages. Since Moso society applied the matrilineal system in their culture, there are several implications and characteristics that can be analyzed from that point of view. One of the practice in an accordance to matrilineality is called a “walking marriage”. There is no traditional marriage in Moso culture, so in a family there are neither husband nor wives. In walking marriage the partners do not live in the same household, after midnight the man who has been given permission to visit the woman comes to spending the night with her and return to his home in the early morning. As a result, Moso’s family structure, child preference and gender equality are affected by the practice of walking marriage.
Generally people misunderstood the concept of walking marriage. They would think that the couplings in the society will last only in a short term, but in fact, the women would spend her life with a particular partner for a longer term. Many anthropologists (2009) define this relationship as “serial monogamy” in which an individual has only one partner at any one time. The term “one time” in this particular context can sometimes shift to a longer period which last for a lifetime. Although the relationship between partners may be a long term, the father will never live with the woman’s family or vice versa. The man and the woman will continue to live and taking responsibilities of their own family separately. Significantly, when children are born, ...

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...families looking for additional income by running a boat rental business or just simply be a tour guide. Even though Moso women would think there is no such equality in her society, evidently the men also play an important role in sustaining the financial need of the Moso ethnic group.
Moso society which live in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces in China, have been practicing matrilineality for decades. One of the practice of matrilineal system is the implementation of “walking marriage” in several community aspects especially in family structure, childbearing preference and gender equality. In a walking marriage practice, the partners are not bound on to another. But they have their own responsibilities in terms of sustaining financial need. As a result the Moso family structure are extremely stable. There will be no families’ issues, such as divorce and child custody.
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