At 8:15 AM on August 6th of 1945 an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, killing more than 75,000 people. Not only did the 10,000 pound atomic bomb change the innocence of America, it also changed how millions of people view war. To this day, people still have bittersweet feelings about what the United States did to Japan. Some say that the atomic bomb saved many American lives and others argue that it was unnecessary and immoral. While many deaths and injuries occurred in Japan, America was afflicted by the Hiroshima bombing whether people agree or disagree. In the article America’s Hiroshima, Peter Schwenger describes how the United States was affected by Hiroshima, and what followed after the event.
In the article “My Son, You Must Remember: Hiroshima and Nagasaki in William Styron’s Lie Down in Darkness” by Virginia Nickels, she reflects on William Styron who was a Marine officer during World War II. Remembering his fear approaching the Japanese invasion and recalling that 17,000 of American soldiers have already died. Nickels uses the book Lie Down in Darkness to show how not only the Japanese felt about the bombing on Hiroshima but also how the Americans felt. This show a very large difference because some Americans at the time didn’t even know that this atomic bomb had been built while others perceived the atomic bomb as the most versatile tool of the 20th century. For example, “Winkler cites one farmer’s letter inquiring as to where he could purchase a small atomic bomb to remove tree stumps from his fields, as a dynamite proved unsatisfactory” (Nickels 8). This is showing how some Americans are taking the bomb as almost a joke. Whereas, on the other hand, “particularly Berger’s identification of the inherent evil in mankind and Harry’s regret over the loss of Japanese lives”(Nickels 6). This is showing how some Americans post war did feel a sense of guilt for all the lives lost and how their attacks no longer held to their original innocence. Due to such a difference in feelings
After the first few days of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Americans, without knowledge of the aftermath of these cities, began cheering and celebrating as the bombings marked the end of World War II. Also, this event showed that Americans would be the ones who would lead the world into the nuclear age. In a Gallup Poll taken from August 10-15, 1945, Americans were asked whether or not they approved or disapproved of the use of atomic bombs on Japanese cities, 85 percent approved, ten percent disapproved and five had no opinion.30 then when asked if the development of the atomic bomb was a good or bad thing, 69 percent said it was a good thing, 17 percent said it was bad, and 14 percent had no opinion (Steele).
John Hersey shows that the atomic bomb is merciless by explaining the effect of the bomb on children. Hersey describes a mother’s search for her children to do so, “She heard a child cry, ‘Mother, help me,’ and saw her youngest, Myeko… buried up to her breast and unable to move. As Mrs. Nakamura started frantically to claw her baby, she could see or hear nothing of her other children” (Hersey 10, 11). He uses an example of children in danger because they are usually perceived as vulnerable, which helps Hersey make his point. Consequently, the reader undergoes feelings of sorrow because those who are attacked are not capable of defending themselves. Hersey is able to easily prove his case by illustrating the suffering of the most vulnerable of victims.
I can use ideas from this book as I aspire to a future with a career in visual communication. Warhol boldly presented himself to society as an artist, yet kept value to his private life. He also found ways to increase his dignity through his ideas regardless of his financial situation. Andy’s mother was a firm believer that no matter how little you own, being a good person will make you happy. This lifestyle is inspiring to me and Warhol is a great example of someone who possessed it.
In his most famous piece, “Campbell’s Soup Cans”, Warhol created 32 canvases each hand painted to resemble the image of the canned Campbell’s brand soup. The reason
Andrew Warhola was born August Sixth, 1928, in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania. He was the youngest son of Julie and Andrej Warhola, both immigrants from Czechoslovakia. After a quiet childhood spent alternately alone and in art classes, Andrew went to college. He then got a job doing commercial art, largely advertisements for large companies. Over time his name was shortened and Andy Warhol changed the face of modern art. Through his silver lined Factory and the many people who frequented it a revolution was born. This paper will discuss some of these people and examine the impact they all made on modern art.
In 1960, Andy Warhol, originally Andrew Warhola, was ignored by many trending artists of the century. He was often overlooked and seen as an eccentric artist. Andy did not care to interpret his work; alternatively, he was more attentive to his own personal image. Andy once said that “publicity is like eating peanuts, once you start you can’t stop.” He wanted to create works of everyday objects, so they could be recognized by anyone. When Warhol painted Campbell's soup cans, he had reached a breakthrough. Following his work, the advancement of Pop Art promptly approached. Andy Warhol was an emerging artist in the beginning of the Pop Art Movement, which he led to become an importance to society and art history.
When it come to be publicly acknowledged that the United States government planned on using atomic bombs to fight the war against Japan, a group of scientists who had worked on the atomic bomb for many years, felt the need to protest the idea. Leo Szilard who was a head of the group of scientists came up with a petition for the president for his associated scientists to look over. In his petition he asked the President “to rule that the United States shall not, in the present phase of the war, resort to the use of atomic bombs” (Szilard, par. 1). Szilard’s thoughts mentioned in the petition sought the strength and persuasion needed to sway the President that the use of the atomic bomb was uncalled for because of the shortage of facts presented, their poor reasoning found in the writing, and the failure to communicate the significance that their arguments held in the decision.
While I still feel there is a lot of under appreciation for things that are not fine arts related— Andy Warhol forced us to acknowledge the fact that art is all around us. Without Andy Warhol, there wouldn’t be nearly as many people upon the earth that could look around them, and simply appreciate those behind the making of their comfortable home and the film they’re watching on their beautiful, cozy furniture. Warhol opened us to what was all around us, but what we never really saw before. Andy Warhol’s Campbell’s Soup series was important to the growth of our society, and I’d glad it’s here with us
In the 1950s, American culture was at its most unstable – societal values were in flux, and artistic movements were struggling to validate themselves. The Beat generation – a group of ambitious poets – took it upon themselves to fight for liberation from censorship and expose the inconsistency between idealization and realism regarding American society. Most importantly, this group of men and women fought through many tribulations to abolish “art for arts sake,” and to create an artistic culture that made an impact. One of the most involved but sometimes-slighted artists of the group was Bob Kaufman. Born in New Orleans, Kaufman became involved with the Beat movement when he met Burroughs and Ginsberg in New York and went on to become a founder of the highly influential Beatitude magazine. His works are often either personally lyric, or pieces of social commentary aimed at ignorant audiences unaware or ignorant of cultural distortion.
Imagine, a world full of wonder, mystery, and the fabulous - the world of Andy Warhol. He was an ingenious man who brought many spectators from all over to view his art exhibitions. Andy brought a “new color” to the art industry, and it held a new meaning to what art could be. This paper will discuss the definition of who is Andy Warhol, and how his artworks of the 1950’s and 1960’s relate to the theory of being “machine-like.”
Angelina Jolie said, “Without pain, there would be no suffering, without suffering we would never learn from our mistakes. To make it right, pain and suffering is the key to windows, without it, there is no way of life.” On August 6, 1945 the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, a small city whose death toll rises to 90,000-166,000. On August 9th, a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, 60,000–80,000 . In total, 15 million people lost their lives during the duration of the Second World War. In John Hersey's book, Hiroshima, he provides a detailed account of six people and how the bombing of Hiroshima affected their lives. John Heresy felt it was important to focus his story on six individuals to create a remembrance that war affects more than just nations and countries, but actual human beings. Moreover, the book details the effect the bomb had on the city of Hiroshima. “Houses all around were burning, and the wind was now blowing hard.” (Hersey, 27). Before the bomb, there existed few laws to govern the use of a weapon of this magnitude because of the complexity and modern technology that the bomb used. To address the fears of the use of the atomic bomb, new laws were created to govern its use. The atom bomb should have been dropped on Japan in order to prevent the further use of such a destructive force.
Andy Warhol was a graphic artist, painter, and film maker, amoung other things, also associated with Pop Art. He moved to New York, around 1950, where he did his first advertisements as a comercial artist and, later, began showing in expositions. One technique employed by Warhol involved repeditive silk screen prints on canvas. He used this method to produce many series of prints with various, easily reconizable images. Between 1962 and 1964 in his self titled studio “The Factory”(Phaidon 484), Warhol produced over two thousand pictures. One of these, Lavender Disaster, was made in 1963 and belonged to a series of pictures all including the same image of an electric chair.
He began producing “Pop” pictures in 1960 with works based on Popeye, Nancy and Dick Tracy comics. These early works were first shown as back drops for department store windows and were painted in loosely brushed style based on Abstract Expressionism. Warhol’s first works using comic material tended to soften hard professional gestures and aggressive vocabulary of the texts and images. Warhol countered the scrupulous accuracy of the original genre with imprecision and deliberate error. In doing so, he soiled the comic strips narrow-minded ideological and decorative purity.