# Magnetism And Magnetism

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In this experiment, we are able to study about magnetism and magnetic fields.
Magnetism is very useful in our daily life. A magnetic field is a mathematical description of the magnetic influence of electric currents and magnetic materials. In addition, magnetic field is a region which a magnetic material experiences a force as the result of the presence of a magnet or a current carrying conductor. Current carrying conductors also known as wire. As we know there have north pole and south pole of a magnet. If same pole of magnet approaches each other, there will repel each other. In contrast, if different pole of magnet approaches each other, they will attract. These are same with the electric charge, if same charge it will repel, different charge it will attract. Although magnets and magnetism were known much earlier, the study of magnetic fields began in 1269 when French scholar Petrus Peregrinus de Maricourt mapped out the magnetic field on the surface of a spherical magnet using iron needles [search from Wikipedia]. Noting that the resulting field lines crossed at two points he named those points 'poles' in analogy to Earth's poles. Each magnet has its own magnetic field which experiences a force as the result of the presence of a magnet and magnetic field has made up of magnetic field lines. The properties of magnetic field lines is it begin at the north pole and end at the south pole. The north pole always flow out while south pole always flow in. The closer the magnetic field lines, the strength of magnetic field increases. Furthermore, these line cannot cross each other. Ferromagnetism is the basic mechanism by which certain materials (such as iron) form permanent magnets, or are attracted to magnets. Ferromagnetic materials...

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...nduced in a conductor moving at right angles to and cutting across a magnetic flux. On the other hand, magnet is a useful in our daily life such as it can hold some documents and use to move an object. For example, a bicycle dynamo is a small generator fitted by bicycle to provide electricity for the lights bulb, it using the principle of electromagnetism. There are 2 law of electromagnetic induction such as Faraday’s Law and Lenz’s Law. In the other hand, Lenz’s Law state that induced current always flows in such a direction so as to opposite the change causing it. When north pole is approach the solenoid, the front part of solenoid will creates a north pole to produce a force of repulsion to oppose the change of motion. And the direction of current in the solenoid can determined by Right-hand Grip Rule. Lenz’s Law also is a form of law of conservation of energy.