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Machinability Of Leaded Brass

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]. Some alloying elements sometimes added to impart special characteristics to brass. Lead, which is insoluble in copper alloys, used to improve machinability of leaded brass. However, Pb and Bi or other elements that are used to improve the machinability often deteriorate the low and high temperature ductility of brass [11]. The content of Pb element is varies between 2.5 and 3.5 %, which make the machining processes at high speed and good surface [12]. The solubility of lead in copper alloys is very low therefore, it is found in microstructure as dispersed globules all over the material. These globules lead act as a lubricant decreasing the friction coefficient between the tools and the materials by creating discontinuities of chip fragmentation. Therefore, it makes reducing in cutting force and then, the tools wear rate is minimized [13]. Different alloying elements help to improving the machinability are usually added to brass. The most common element using in this situation is lead, which improving the machinability with…show more content…
The machinability of copper and copper alloys is improved by lead, sulfur, tellurium, and zinc while it deteriorates when tin and iron are added. Lead in brass alloys with concentrations around 2 wt%, improves machinability by acting as a microscopic chip breaker, and tool lubricant, while they increase the brittleness of the alloy [17]. Lead additions are used to improve machinability. The lead is insoluble in the solid brass and segregates as small globules that help the swarf to break up in to small pieces and may also help to lubricate the cutting tool action. The addition of lead is however, affect cold ductility which may control both the way in which material is produced and the extent to which it can be post-formed after machining
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