The felled trees fall, causing damages as it comes down. It also creates a hole in the top canopy, which takes hundreds of years to regenerate (WWF). According to the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO),”Logging roads are used by landless farmers to gain access to rainforest areas.” Also by (ITTO),”For this reason, commercial logging is considered by many to be the biggest single agent of tropical deforestation.” Along with loggers cutting down trees, the heavy machines and vehicles are also dangerous to the forests. First, the fumes that escape from the machines poison the trees, next, the machiner... ... middle of paper ... ... and Lohmann. Causes of Rainforest Destruction.
Deforestation of the Amazon River basin has been progressing for decades as mass quantities of land have become necessary to sustain the growing farming industry of the area. Road-building, farming, ranching, and logging have been devastating to the tropical forests and the change has been rapid as deforestation of the area only began around 1970 (Fearnside, Pfaff). The government of countries in the Amazon have designed their current initiatives around increasing infrastructure and business, but these initiatives are largely responsible for deforestation activity (Laurance). The decline in forests of this region has become a serious issue as the effects it has on the climate and ecosystem of the Amazon River basin and the rest of the world are great. The high rate of deforestation in this area, averaging from 25,000 to 50,000 square kilometers per year since 1970, suggests numbers that project a complete absence of Amazonian tropical forest within the next 50 to 100 years if greater prevention methods are not taken (Shukla).
Other factors, according to Ng, "further restrict their range, exposing them to disease and predators." Deforestation does not occur neatly. "Fragmentation" also weakens the rain forest. As large sections of rain forest are cut down by farmers, ranchers, and loggers, those plant and animal species are left to die. If all deforestation occurred along the outside boundaries of the forest, then some of the species could move deeper into the Amazon to survive.
Global warming, holes in the ozone layer, rising water levels, erosion of top soil, degradation of air quality, and ultra violet rays from the sun are plaguing this planet like never before3. All of this is a direct result of global population increase and loss of the natural habitats and forests that prevent these catastrophes. Anti-deforestation activists struggle for the protection of animals? natural habitats and forests, arguing that their loss is irreparable and the Earth will become unable to sustain a sufficient balance. In turn, this endangers the human race.
GES 313 Sonya Hill Deforestation Reflection Paper Deforestation is an issue of forests being destroyed either by slash and burn techniques or cutting the trees down. The damage to the Earth that deforestation causes is a major issue that we are facing today. The causes of deforestation are complicated and a challenge to solve. However, we are constantly coming up with new ways to combat deforestation, with new technology. Trying to stop deforestation, and reverse its effects is a difficult task, but many countries are trying, and there are signs of improvement.
Deforestation is the elimination of existing trees from the earth; attributable factors include urbanization, logging, ranching, and farming and to some extent land speculation. Land speculation can be included as cleared land is more valuable than forested land. Deforestation, done in the name of progress, and the long-term, devastating effects of it, is killing our planet. To understand the effects of deforestation one must understand the reasoning behind the decision to clear forestlands. Only in recent history, have studies been conducted to measure the impact that deforestation has placed upon the Earth.
Moraes, E. C., Franchito, S. H., & Rao, V. (2013). Amazonian Deforestation: Impact of Global Warming on the Energy Balance and Climate. Journal Of Applied Meteorology & Climatology, 52(3), 521-530. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-11-0258.1 Souza, J. M., Siqueira, J. V., Sales, M. H., Fonseca, A. V., Ribeiro, J. G., Numata, I., & ... Barlow, J. (2013). Ten-Year Landsat Classification of Deforestation and Forest Degradation in the Brazilian Amazon.
The deforestation of rainforests has major negative impacts that can affect the global environment. Therefore it needs to be targeted now so that affects do not escalate in the future. Deforestation of the tropical rainforests is one of the major leading causes of environmental change. It is the removing or destruction of forests. However, the big question is what are the factors that lead to deforestation.
“The Causes of Tropical Deforestation”. Vancouver: UCB Press, 1994. http://ezinearticles.com/?The-Effect-of-Deforestation&id=510236. 10 September 2010 Stock , Jocelyn. “The Choice: Doomsday or Arbor Day.” Deforestation. N.d. http://www.umich.edu/~gs265/society/deforestation.htm .
What is all the fuss about deforestation? Why are we now just turning our attention to deforestation of the tropics? Deforestation is causing problems because some people utilize the forest and live off of them because they cannot afford to interact with other countries or even their own, the growth of the human population, or is it because our world is realizing what humans have been doing ... ... middle of paper ... ...tree planting projects with rural farmers could work however; care should be taken to manage expectations (Jefferson 2011). Literature Cited Skole, David, and C. Tucker. 1993.