“Northanger Abbey’s narrator uses her familiarity with narrative form as she mocks the grandiose behavior of its female characters who would react to an affront with silence, avoidance, or flirtation as a form of revenge” (Cordon 46). Jane Austen criticizes the traditional societal roles for women as she displays her own skills to avoid such overbearing standards. In Austen’s writing, she uses the term heroine to define types of actions that are in actuality pretentious, conventional and delusive.
Pride and Prejudice, Austen’s first written but later published novel, is a commentary on the importance in society of inheritance and achievement. Austen obviously valued one’s achieved virtues over inherited status, a revolutionary notion for a female of the day. Elizabeth Bennet, Austen’s own mouthpiece to criticize her times, bridges the gap between 19th century sensibility and 20th century self-exploration. Lizzy, though given the opportunity on more than one occasion (Mr. Darcy’s first and Mr. Collins’s only proposal) to save herself from her impending poverty as well as preserve her family’s estate, choose rather to be alone than to be in a situation that would compromise her principles. She is a woman of a strong-willed character who puts herself above her society’s expectations of her.
Austen, through her character, Anne Elliot, in her novel Persuasion, upholds what an ideal female should be like and the men should accept a female and all her feminine traits. Brontë, on the other hand, in her novel Jane Eyre creates a female character, Jane Eyre, that overcomes gender roles and lives her life in androgyny rather than in femininity. Both authors achieved the same ends, but both had extremely unique ways of creating a world where females, rather than just males, are able to be understood. Austen and Brontë stood against social standards of their day and created in two extremely separate characters, the same basic message that women are real human beings and have characters other than what their husbands or other men in their lives assign to
Jane Austen has positioned her audience so that we are influenced to agree with her attitudes on the importance of marrying for love. Austen has used her characters to express the issue of love. Such characters as Mr Collins and Charlotte Lucas and Wickham and Lydia represent marriage for superficial purposes, which can never result in happiness. The juxtapositioned relationship between the characters of Darcy and Elizabeth show the audience that happiness in marriage can only be achieved if the couple both throw away immediate physical attractions and financial desires and marry for nothing else but true love. Works Cited: Austen, Jane.
Hardy portrays Bathsheba and Fanny in a sharp contrast to each other in patriarchal society. Bathsheba is represented as an independent and unconventional Victorian woman in comparison to Fanny who conforms to the stereotypical ideology of Victorian women. Hardy’s intention is to show his rejection of society’s attempts at fitting women into limited roles since he thought that women should be given a chance to break free from the traditional gender categories and forge identities of their own. It is certainly not an exaggeration to say that Hardy owes his reputation as a novelist to the publication of Far from the Madding Crowd in 1874. The novel was the first of his Wessex novels.
Austen is able to comment on the injustices within society through Elizabeth’s stance on the issue of her gender role in marriage, the indifference between herself and her male counterparts, and the juxtaposition between herself and Charlotte Lucus During the novel Pride and Prejudice, Mrs. Bennet pressures her daughters to follow the societal normality by finding a husband that would secure a future. Her whole pursuit in the novel is to see her daughters married in return for a higher social positioning. Marriage and the Social Class are all important values that are deeply rooted in Elizabeth’s mother. She takes on the role of a matchmaker figure, attempting to pair up her daughters. Unlike Elizabeth, Mrs. Bennet serves as a constant reminder of the importance of wealth and prosperity during this time.
Their Cinderella story ends in happily-ever-after, as does Elizabeth's and Darcy's. Elizabeth's defiance of Lady Catherine recalls Meg's defiance of her aunt in Little Women, and Darcy's willingness to accept Elizabeth despite the inferiority of her connections is a triumph of conventional romantic-novel expectations. One of the most striking examples of Austen's satire is her emphasis on reason, as opposed to the wanton passion lauded into the bulk of romantic novels. Lydia and Wickham's marriage is seen as a triumph of their "passions" over their "virtue", and she is certain that "little permanent happiness" can arise from such a union. This is exemplified by Wickham's continuance of his extravagant habits, and the degeneracy of any feelings between them to indifference.
Therefore, Austen’s voice comes through Elizabeth to make the statement that it is foolish to marry for any reason besides love. 	Jane Austen uses Elizabeth as the focal character in the novel Pride and Prejudice to relay a message to the reader. Her own voice comes through Elizabeth to make the political statement that it is unwise to marry for any reason other than love. Elizabeth (and thus Austen) feels that true happiness cannot be achieved in a marriage unless there is a great deal of love between the partners, and so explains her pursuit for true love, and her disapproval of marriage between those she knows are not in love.
Kate Chopin and Jane Austen could readily be referred to as literary heroines of the nineteenth century. Both women often challenged conventional societal methods within their works, which inherently caused these literary geniuses to write in complete secrecy. Chopin and Austen gave birth to characters such as Edna Pontellier in The Awakening, and Elizabeth Bennett, the renowned protagonist of Austen’s novella Pride and Prejudice. While noble in their respective ways one can easily mistake Edna and Elizabeth to be selfish creatures of society because of their ardent pursuit of happiness and love, and their disregard of nineteenth century societal constructs and family expectations. In similar aspects Edna Pontellier and Elizabeth Bennett were able to successfully challenge Nineteenth Century conventional methods with regards to marriage and society.
Through her characters Austen shows how a women’s happiness came second to the comfort of wealth. As the plot develops, events are laid out to illustrate how true love is unattainable when women marry for intentions of wealth. Women have very specific and limited roles in a society where men are the superior. In Pride and Prejudice, Jane Austen portrays Elizabeth Bennet as a heroine who reaches happiness by rebelling against the societal and gender roles of the time period. Austen’s novel follows Elizabeth Bennet ‘s struggle as she breaks these expectations of a woman.