Martin Luther King Jr was born on the 15th of January, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, known as Michael Luther King Jr and was than assassinated on the 4th of April 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee, United States. The world renowned Baptist minister and social activist had a massive impact on the American civil rights movement from the mid 1950’s until his assassination in 1968. Martin Luther King Jr’s up bringing was fairly pleasant and he was brought up with a great education. However, he had his couple of prejudices and traumatic experience through out his life. One of these including one of his friends who was a fair skinned boy who was told to tell King that he was no longer allowed to play with him because the children were now attending
After his degree, however King decided to become pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. In 1953 he married Coretta Scott later becoming father of their four children Yolanda Denise, Martin Luther III, Dexter Scott and Bernice Albertine, In December,1955, King was elected to the Montgomery Improvement Association, a group to lead the bus boycott . King's house was bombed and King was arrested and jailed on charges of being connected with the boycott. Yet King continued to preach that non-violent protests were the answer. The Supreme Court ruled in favour of desegregation of the buses in 1966 giving King his first victory enforcing his belief in the power of the black community.
They eventually had two sons and two daughters. Martin became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist church in Alabama. He was also a member of the executive committee of the NAACP (national association for the advancement of colored people), the leading organization in the nation. Martin was ready to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of current times in the United States, the bus boycott chosen by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor of the laureate. The bus boycott lasted an astonishing 382 days.
While there, he met Coretta Scott, and they got married in 1953. Shortly after, they moved to Montgomery, Alabama. On June 5, 1955 he received a doctorate of philosophy in systematic theology from the Boston University. Soon after he earned his doctorate, King learned of Rosa Parks and a bus boycott. This was his first calling to fight against segregation.
By the end of this scholarly journey, the core of King's philosophy of nonviolent protest had been formed, based on the ideals of Mohand as K. Gandhi. King returned to the south and accepted the pastorate of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. In December of 1955, the black community of Montgomery was outraged when a woman on her way home from work, Rosa Lee Parks, was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a municipal bus to a white man. King was chosen to organize a boycott to end racial segregation in public transportation. Although King gained national prominence as a result of his exceptional oratorical skills and personal courage, during the course of the 381-day action, his home was bombed, many threats were made against his life, and he was arrested, jailed, and convicted on charges of conspiring to interfere with the bus company's operations.
Just after he received his Ph.D. in 1955, King was asked to lead a bus boycott in Montgomery. It had been formed after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give her seat to a white passenger. Throughout the 381 days which the boycott lasted, he was arrested and jailed, repeatedly threatened, and his home was bombed. The boycott ended later that year when the Supreme Court outlawed segregation in public transportation. This was his first victory and alone made Dr. King a highly respected leader.
He wanted African Americans to be able to have the right to vote so he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration(Martin Luther King Jr.- Biography). King traveled over 6 million miles and spoke over 2500 times throughout 1957 - 1968 (Martin Luther King Jr. - Biography). He ended up writing 5 books and many articles to follow (Martin Luther King Jr. - Biography). Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law (Martin Luther King Jr. Fast Facts) . He was known as Man of the Year in Time Magazine in 1964 (History.com).
degree in 1951. In September 1951, King began doctoral studies in systematic theology at Boston University and received his Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) on June 5, 1955. In 1953, at age 24, King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Civil rights activism, 1953–1968 Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955 At 11 am December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to comply with the Jim Crow laws that required her to give up her seat to a white man. The Montgomery Bus Boycott, urged and planned by E. D. Nixon (head of the Montgomery NAACP chapter and a member of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters) and led by King, soon followed.
Can you imagine how one person changed the whole Civil Rights movement and helped promote civil rights for all of humanity? This was the life of Martin Luther King Jr; one of the most famous Baptist ministers, who overcame obstacles and became a remarkable leader of the Civil Rights movement. King was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. His parents were Martin Luther King, Sr., who was a minister and his mother, Alberta King, was a school teacher. His parents taught him from a young age that segregation was not fair.
The boycott lasted a total of 382 days and the U.S. Supreme Court ultimately ordered Montgomery to integrate its bus systems. During the boycott, King endured arrest, home bombing, and personal abuse. In 1957, he was elected as the president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. King traveled over six million miles and spoke over 2500 times, he appeared wherever there was inequality and injustice to take action. One of his most iconic speeches “I Have a Dream” was delivered on August 28, 1963 at the March at Washington for Jobs and Freedom.