Planning for the Scientific Exploration of Mars by Humans. Part 1. Joel S. Levine, Ph.D., James B. Garvin, Ph.D., David W. Beaty, Ph.D., Journal of Cosmology, Vol 12. 3627-3635. 5.
It is also one of the largest volcanoes in the Solar System with a diameter 370 miles, “wide enough to cover the state of New Mexico.” (Facts and Info about Red Planet). Like Earth, Mars also has canyons, including the Valles Marineris which was formed mostly by the pulling of Mars’ crust. Some canyons in the System are as wide as 60 miles. (Mars: Facts and Info about Red Planet). We have also learned a lot about Mars’ make up from information gathered on missions.
Strugatsky, Arkady and Boris. Far Rainbow/ The Second Invasion from Mars. Gary Kern, trans. NY: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1979.
Global warming is clear evidence that the current global population and industrialization has put the sustainability of Earth in doubt. The UN predicts the world’s population will reach 9.6 billion by 2050 (“Challenges”). The urgency to establish a habitable colony on Mars was made clear by NASA chief Charles Bolden. "If this species is to survive indefinitely, we need to become a multi-planet species; we need to go to Mars, and Mars is a stepping stone to other solar systems” (Smith). Mars rovers have made many monumental discoveries while canvassing and sampling the red planet’s surface which has lead scientists to believe Mars is a good candidate for terraforming.
Martian meteorites that have landed on Earth contain evidence that justifies the presence of life in space. First, we are certain these meteorites are in fact from Mars from measuring and matching their noble gas ratios to that of Mars (McKay et al. 1996). Findings within the Allan Hills (ALH84001) meteorite by a team of NASA researchers ignited immense interest in the subject of martian life in 1996. The team discovered polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as well as globules of carbonate a... ... middle of paper ... ...rites to the atmosphere of Mars.
Based on distant observation and robotically retrieved data, scientists have long speculated that the conditions on Mars give hope of life. However, closer examination of the conditions on Mars, the necessary elements for life, and the findings of multiple rover missions will reveal that the environment on Mars is ultimately incapable of supporting human life. Conditions on Mars If Earth were hollow, seven planets the size of Mars could comfortably fit inside. Mars is an amazing planet with neat facts and awesome features. Canals and valleys, mountains, volcanoes, and ice cap... ... middle of paper ... ...eymour.
"Would you go to Mars?." Wvxu.org, 2014. Web. 28 Mar 2014. "Explore the planet Mars with realistic Mars habitats, rockets, ground cars and robots.
Mars was formed by materials that were released by the early solar nebula. Mars’ core is 1,300-1,500 km in radius and is not active. The lack of movement by the core leads to a lack of a magnetic field on the planet, and a lack of plate tectonics. Mars was formed very quickly, and the amount of accretion led to global melting. This allowed iron-rich melts to settle in the center of the planet, forming a core separate from the mantle, which is filled with silicate.
July 1992 "A Search for Life on Earth from the Galileo Spacecraft." Nature. October 21, 1993. McKay, David. "Evaluating the Evidence for Past Life on Mars."