Bento's repulsion to be religiously devoted bluntly reveals the blemishes in the practical result of religion hidden underneath seemingly deep devotion. The tragedy of Santiago Nasar explores the other defects of religion, one that is present in the Church itself, and how failure to uphold moral standards in Church upsets the community. Of course the authors do not write solely to condemn religion, they also bring forth the concept that people must adjust their attitudes toward religion and then irrational, old values set by the past Church.
Hester gives hope to some of the people in the society. As she gives hope people begin to think her letter means “Able” instead of “Adulterer.” Hawthorne writes, “Such helpfulness was found in her,—so much power to do, and power to sympathize,—that many people refused to interpret the scarlet A by its original signification. They said that it meant Able. . .” (158).
In simple terms Puritans were Protestants who believed the reformation hadn't gone far enough. Russell called them 'hotter' Protestants. A hallmark which put fear into the State was the anti-hierarchical beliefs held by many Puritans. In fact it makes sense to argue that Presbyterianism and Separatism, in principle, posed a threat to the Elizabethan Church and State, due to these anti-hierarchical beliefs. They sought to replace the contemporary system of church and government.
Instead of giving in to society dashing his hopes of becoming a successful writer, he wrote about Hester to express himself and explain his conflicts with the crooked, oppressive society and beliefs of the time. He discusses the problems in a way that every reader can relate to and sympathize with the characters. He skillfully transforms a symbol of shame and sin into a symbol of maternity and nurturance. The Scarlet Letter is truly a symbol of believing in people's capabilities. It is a symbol of resistance to society if all it causes people to do is reject their identities and who they really are.
The second meaning that the letter "A" took was "able." The townspeople who once condemned her now believed her scarlet "A" to stand for her ability to create beautiful needlework and for her unselfish assistance to the poor and sick. "The letter was the symbol of her calling. Such helpfulness was found in her- so much power to do and power to sympathize- that many people refused to interpret the scarlet 'A' by its original signification." At this point, many the townspeople realized what a godly character Hester possessed.
Hawthorne employs allegory to the names of many characters in the novel to suggest their vulnerable personalities as they, in many cases, become shaped by the Puritanical views. Most importantly, the abundance of symbolism, such as the scarlet letter “A” itself, hammers home the effects of the Puritanical moral values on the characters in the novel. Puritans originated as a main protestant group separating themselves from the English church in the 16th century. Their radical mores distinguished them as a very draconian yet almost utopian group as they aimed to live very uniformly by their core values. Today the term “puritan” may be used to describe someone who has very disciplinary perspectives on sexual morality.
It took a long time for her to believe in herself again, against what others may see her as. Slowly she began going against the grain and even challenged her Father when he didn’t believe she could walk to work alone. Over time with this phenomenology, Clara concluded “What was important wasn’t doing at all. It was that through doing I could realize I could be myself, and be someone who, like others, continues to live and change and grow,” which was a wonderful way to finalize her outlook against her personal
They want to capture the reader’s mind and sympathy and provoke thinking. The reader is invited to form his/her opinion about the issues discussed. The main themes of the stories, as intended by the authors, portray the difference in gender roles, social standing and the influence and pressure of the family. In “Country Lovers”, by Nadine Gordimer, societal pressures cause the problems between the main characters and their relationship. Thebedi and Paulus cannot be together openly because of the apartheid system.
Firstly, identity emerges as an important premise in this section of the novel. The ways in which a society tries to define a person are often at odds with the way that individual defines them self. As the community reinterprets the scarlet letter, Hester once again has an identity thrust upon her by her fellow townspeople, but in the end, it's just a letter. The town's reevaluation of Hester is significant because of what it says about Hester herself, about the changes she has undergone while earning this new classification. The people in her community believe that Hester's charitable behavior is the result of their punitive system working effectively.