John Stuart Mills: The Greatest Happiness

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Mills begins by letting his reader know that we have not learned anything from the Philosopher of the past. H does not believe that from Socrates to 1801 we made no progress in finding the greatest happiness. Mills beliefs are, we are the ones making our selves, that there is no apposing force like a god. We do this on the bases of a goal, which is different form Kant’s ultimate Goal. Al though he does believe that the only end to life is happiness, but this is a different from what Aristotle thought as the greatest happiness. “All action is for the sake of some end, and rules of action, it seems natural to suppose, must take their whole character and colour from the end to which they are subservient” (p. 2). Mills is brining up an epistemological…show more content…
“The creed which accepts as the foundation of morals, Utility, or the Greatest Happiness Principle, holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure, and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain, and the privation of pleasure” (pp. 9-10). This is the foundation for utilitarianism, and where Mills uses to define his idea that moral valence of action s in the means of the greatest happiness one can have. Every thing is deduced to the greatest happiness that one should feel more happiness and less pain, which is were the notion of assisted suicide comes…show more content…
“The ingredients of happiness are very various, and each of them is desirable in itself, and not merely when considered as swelling an aggregate. The principle of utility does not mean that any given pleasure, as music, for instance, or any given exemption from pain, as for example health, are to be looked upon as means to a collective something termed happiness, and to be desired on that account. They are desired and desirable in and for themselves; besides being means, they are a part of the end” (pp. 54-55). Mills is doing damage control for those who object to utilitarianism. He is calling for “mankind to unite” and except his

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